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C J McClain et al.
Gut, 21(4), 318-323 (1980-04-01)
Blood methanethiol and ammonia concentrations were measured in 16 healty volunteers, 52 consecutive alcoholic cirrhotics without overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and 42 consecutive patients with alcoholic liver disease and overt HE. The mean concentration of blood methanethiol was significantly greater...
Srinivasa M Sammeta et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(2), 169-175 (2013-11-14)
The main objective of the present study was to develop formulations of noscapine hydrochloride hydrate with enhanced solubility and bioavailability using co-solvent- and cyclodextrin-based approaches. Different combinations of co-solvents, which were selected on the basis of high-throughput solubility screening, were...
Hidden formaldehyde in e-cigarette aerosols.
R Paul Jensen et al.
The New England journal of medicine, 372(4), 392-394 (2015-01-22)
Barbara C Spink et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 282(1), 30-41 (2014-12-03)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) regulates expression of numerous genes, including those of the CYP1 gene family. With the goal of determining factors that control AHR gene expression, our studies are focused on the role of the short tandem repeat...
O A Petroff et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 47(4), 1270-1276 (1986-10-01)
High-resolution proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to analyze human cerebrospinal fluid obtained from patients with several neurological problems. The major metabolites measured included glucose, lactate, glutamine, citrate, inositol, acetate, creatine, creatinine, beta-hydroxybutyrate, alanine, and pyruvate. A drug vehicle, propylene...
C J L Silwood et al.
Journal of dental research, 81(6), 422-427 (2002-07-05)
We have explored the ability of high-resolution NMR techniques to (1) index salivary biomolecules and (2) provide valuable data regarding intra- and inter-subject variability in the concentrations of a series of components readily determinable by this technique (organic acids and...
Al-Sayed Sallam et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(2), 159-168 (2013-11-23)
Controlled-release metronidazole, mucoadhesive gel proposed as a drug-delivery system for periodontal application was developed and characterized. The system was based on a mixture of glycerylmonooleate (GMO) and ethylcellulose (EC). The mechanism of release depends: firstly, on the ability of GMO...
J C Faré et al.
Cahiers d'anesthesiologie, 32(4), 303-306 (1984-05-01)
10 mg of diazepam in fat emulsion was given for premedication intramuscularly to 106 patients. In 53% of the cases patients were well sedated, 33% were apprehensive, 14% anxious. Pain related to the injection was complained of by 4 patients....
Chris J Malajczuk et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1828(9), 2041-2055 (2013-05-28)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been used to investigate the interactions of a variety of hydroxylated cryosolvents (glycerol, propylene glycol and ethylene glycol), methanol and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in aqueous solution with a 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayer in its fluid phase...
Cristina Lemini et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 64(4), 940-950 (2012-10-23)
Buame [17β-(butylamino)-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-3-ol] possesses anticoagulant and antiplatelet activities that are potentially antithrombotic. Since its estrogenicity is unknown, it was evaluated by established methods. Buame (10, 100, 500, and 1,000 μg/kg), 17β-estradiol (E(2)) (100 μg/kg), or propylene glycol (10 ml/kg) were subcutaneously...
Thunjiradasiree Kojarunchitt et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 74-81 (2014-12-08)
Thermoresponsive, particle-loaded, Poloxamer 407 (P407)-Pluronic-R® (25R4) or chitosan-methyl cellulose (MC) formulations were developed as single-dose, sustained release vaccines. The sol-gels, loaded either with a particulate vaccine (cubosomes) or soluble antigen (ovalbumin) and adjuvants (Quil A and monophosphoryl lipid A), were...
Positive propylene glycol result in a patient with ethylene glycol poisoning.
Zengliu Su et al.
Clinical chemistry, 60(4), 697-698 (2014-04-01)
R Brucks et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 6(8), 697-701 (1989-08-01)
The objective of this study was to develop an in vitro method to investigate the effect of ultrasound on the in vitro absorption of ibuprofen from a propylene glycol/water vehicle through human epidermis. A diffusion cell was modified so ultrasound...
R Mateus et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 444(1-2), 106-108 (2013-01-30)
Confocal Raman spectroscopy (CRS) is a novel approach which has been used to determine stratum corneum thickness and to profile endogenous skin components. However, the utility of this technique for probing drug disposition in vivo has not been explored to...
Yellela S R Krishnaiah et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 475(1-2), 110-122 (2014-08-05)
The effect of process variability on physicochemical characteristics and in vitro performance of qualitatively (Q1) and quantitatively (Q2) equivalent generic acyclovir topical dermatological creams was investigated to develop a matrix of standards for determining their in vitro bioequivalence with reference...
Mesut Arici et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 31(7), 654-666 (2014-05-28)
The objective of this study is to develop a new textile-based drug delivery system containing naproxen (NAP) microparticles and to evaluate the potential of the system as the carrier of NAP for topical delivery. Microparticles were prepared by spray-drying using...
Evan R Goldfischer et al.
Neurourology and urodynamics, 34(1), 37-43 (2013-10-18)
To assess the efficacy and safety of oxybutynin transdermal gel 3% (OTG3%), with propylene glycol for enhanced skin permeation, in patients with urinary incontinence (UI). In this phase 3 study, 626 patients ≥18 years old with urgency and/or mixed UI...
Nerine T Joseph et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 202(1), 179-190 (2009-04-22)
Two GnRH isoforms (cGnRH-I and GnRH-II) and two GnRH receptor subtypes (cGnRH-R-I and cGnRH-R-III) occur in chickens. Differential roles for these molecules in regulating gonadotrophin secretion or other functions are unclear. To investigate this we cloned cGnRH-R-III from a broiler...
Propylene glycol and glycerol concentration in ultrasound gel.
David Belavy et al.
Regional anesthesia and pain medicine, 38(1), 75-76 (2012-12-25)
María Gabriela Pacios et al.
Journal of investigative and clinical dentistry, 3(4), 264-270 (2012-11-07)
To evaluate the in vitro action of vehicles alone and with calcium hydroxide against different bacterial species. Agar plates were inoculated with the microbial suspensions, and wells were made and filled with the calcium hydroxide pastes and the vehicles used...
D Bikiaris et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 438(1-2), 33-44 (2012-09-18)
Tablet coating thicknesses were estimated using several techniques such as weight gain and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), in comparison with acoustic microscopy and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Acoustic microscopy, used for the first time in such an application, is based on...
C A Moore et al.
Toxicology letters, 229(1), 257-264 (2014-06-10)
Organophosphates (OPs) are widely used in agriculture. Many studies have investigated the capability of personal protective equipment (PPE) to reduce chemical exposure; however, investigations into the protective effect of 'every-day' clothing are rare. The purpose of this study was to...
J Szebeni et al.
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 10(6), 647-650 (1986-12-01)
The level of conjugated dienes (CD) in the serum, conjugated linoleic acid isomer in the phospholipid fraction [18:2(9, 11)], and the fatty acid profile in both the serum and in the separated lipid classes were analyzed in current and previous...
M A Sheraz et al.
International journal of cosmetic science, 36(5), 494-504 (2014-07-30)
The present investigation is based on the formulation of water-in-oil (w/o) cream preparations of ascorbic acid (AA) at pH 4-6 using different emollients and humectants. The preparations were stored in the dark at 30°C for a period of 3 months and...
J P Casazza et al.
Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire). Supplement, 1, 607-609 (1987-01-01)
Plasma 1,2-propanediol, D,L,-2,3-butanediol and 2,3-meso-butanediol were measured in 29 patients with biopsy proven alcoholic cirrhosis and 10 control subjects, none of whom had measurable blood alcohol levels. None of these compounds were present in control subjects at level above 5...
P Santos et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 439(1-2), 260-268 (2012-09-25)
Previously we have reported the influence of supersaturation on the permeation of fentanyl across model membranes and skin. The findings indicated that the vehicle and, specifically its residence time in skin, influence the ability of the formulation to enhance membrane...
Li Wang et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 61(2), 486-496 (2014-09-10)
Defective autophagy is implicated in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) through poorly defined mechanisms. Cardiolipin is a mitochondrial phospholipid required for bioenergetics and mitophagy from yeast to mammals. Here we investigated a role for ALCAT1 in the...
Takahiro Oda et al.
Microbial cell factories, 12(1), 2-2 (2013-01-12)
Conversion of industrial processes to more nature-friendly modes is a crucial subject for achieving sustainable development. Utilization of hydrogen-oxidation reactions by hydrogenase as a driving force of bioprocess reaction can be an environmentally ideal method because the reaction creates no...
J O Funk et al.
Contact dermatitis, 31(4), 236-241 (1994-10-01)
Evaluation of dermatitis associated with propylene glycol application or ingestion remains a challenge. The research dealing with skin reactions to propylene glycol is revisited and new aspects for future research are outlined. Based on literature review and our own observations...
Maria P Lemos et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e108954-e108954 (2014-10-01)
Male circumcision provides partial protection against multiple sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. To examine potential vulnerabilities in foreskin epithelial structure, we used Wilcoxon paired tests adjusted using the false discovery rate method...
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