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Rekha Jakhar et al.
International immunopharmacology, 22(2), 356-365 (2014-07-30)
Morin, a natural flavonoid that is the primary bioactive constituent of the family Moraceae, has been found to be associated with many therapeutic properties. In this study, we evaluated the immunomodulatory activities of increasing concentration of morin hydrate in vitro.
Scott J Schachtele et al.
Glia, 62(10), 1582-1594 (2014-06-04)
Engagement of the programmed death (PD)-1 receptor on activated cells by its ligand (PD-L1) is a mechanism for suppression of activated T-lymphocytes. Microglia, the resident inflammatory cells of the brain, are important for pathogen detection and initiation of innate immunity
Kentaro Nagane et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 475(1-2), 364-371 (2014-08-19)
The purpose of this study is to establish a novel approach for preparing a solid dispersion drug product using spherical silicate by a Wurster-type fluidized bed granulator. The spherical silicate used in this study has porous structure and ideal particle
K C Sekar et al.
Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association, 28 Suppl 1, S60-S62 (2008-06-18)
Persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants can result in serious hemodynamic changes causing respiratory, gastrointestinal and renal morbidities if not treated within the first week of life. The treatment options available are a conservative approach, pharmacological treatment with
JID VisualDx quiz: May 2014.
Tejas Patel et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 134(5), 1-2 (2014-04-16)
Philip M Sobolesky et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107530-e107530 (2014-09-10)
The transcription factor FOXO3 is a well-established tumor suppressor whose activity, stability, and localization are regulated by phosphorylation and acetylation. Previous data by our laboratory demonstrated amplified thromboxane-A2 signaling was associated with poor prognoses in bladder cancer patients and overexpression
Waseem Kaialy et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 477(1-2), 282-293 (2014-12-03)
The purpose of this work was to develop stable xylitol particles with modified physical properties, improved compactibility and enhanced pharmaceutical performance without altering polymorphic form of xylitol. Xylitol was crystallized using antisolvent crystallization technique in the presence of various hydrophilic
Małgorzata Zygmunt et al.
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 70(5), 899-904 (2013-10-24)
This work aimed to investigate the effect of lipoic acid (LA) on sulfane sulfur (S*) level, infiltration of neutrophils and vascular permeability in a model of zymosan-induced peritonitis. The study showed that lipoic acid increased the sulfane sulfur level. Also
Yu-Zhou Xiao et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(2), 1146-1152 (2014-11-06)
The use of artificial nerves for the repair of peripheral nerve defects is restricted by the limited sources of Schwann cells (SCs). Human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)‑derived Schwann‑like cells are considered an alternative and desirable cell source. The aim of
Hiram Luna-Munguia et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 352(2), 368-378 (2014-12-17)
As a member of the multidrug-resistance associated protein (MRP) family, MRP2 affects the brain entry of different endogenous and exogenous compounds. Considering the role of this transporter at the blood-brain barrier, the regulation is of particular interest. However, there is
Yang-peng Sun et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e101896-e101896 (2014-07-09)
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) found in the synovial fluid (SFMSCs) of the tempromandibular joint (TMJ) remain poorly understood. During TMJ arthrocentesis, we discovered that synovial fluid collected from some patients with TMJ disorders contained not only SFMSCs but also
Tian Wang et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 24(8), 560-566 (2014-08-20)
Escin, a natural mixture of triterpenoid saponin isolated from the seed of the horse chestnut, is reported to have a potent antiulcer activity against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal lesions. This study investigated the possible mechanisms underlying the gastroprotective effect of escin
Aaron R Navratil et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(8), 3299-3311 (2014-05-29)
Francisella tularensis induces the synthesis of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) by infected macrophages to alter host immune responses, thus providing a survival advantage to the bacterium. We previously demonstrated that PGE(2) synthesis by F. tularensis-infected macrophages requires cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA(2))
Dongfei Liu et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 170(2), 268-278 (2013-06-13)
Nanoparticulate drug delivery systems offer remarkable opportunities for clinical treatment. However, there are several challenges when they are employed to deliver multiple cargos/payloads, particularly concerning the synchronous delivery of small molecular weight drugs and relatively larger peptides. Since porous silicon
Katja Pajula et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(7), 2271-2279 (2014-05-16)
Combinatorial chemistry has enabled the production of very potent drugs that might otherwise suffer from poor solubility and low oral bioavailability. One approach to increase solubility is to make the drug amorphous, which leads to problems associated with drug stability.
Cecilia Granéli et al.
Stem cell research, 12(1), 153-165 (2013-11-19)
Today, the tool that is most commonly used to evaluate the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in vitro is the demonstration of the expression of multiple relevant markers, such as ALP, RUNX2 and OCN. However, as yet
H Claude Sagi et al.
Journal of orthopaedic trauma, 28(7), 377-383 (2014-03-15)
To determine if indomethacin has a positive clinical effect for the prophylaxis of heterotopic ossification (HO) after acetabular fracture surgery. To determine whether indomethacin affects the union rate of acetabular fractures. Prospective randomized double-blinded trial. Level 1 regional trauma center.
Samer Alabed et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 8(8), CD010652-CD010652 (2014-08-29)
Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardium, the membranous sac surrounding the heart. Recurrent pericarditis is the most common complication of acute pericarditis, causing severe and disabling chest pains. Recurrent pericarditis affects one in three patients with acute pericarditis within
Noriaki Kawanabe et al.
Clinical oral investigations, 19(2), 363-371 (2014-05-28)
It is well accepted that stage-specific embryonic antigen (SSEA)-4 is an antigen that is useful to isolate adult stem cells analogous to embryonic stem cells. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated whether SSEA-4 can also be used as a
Mei Hua Jiang et al.
Cell research, 24(12), 1466-1485 (2014-11-25)
The ability to identify and isolate lineage-specific stem cells from adult tissues could facilitate cell replacement therapy. Leydig cells (LCs) are the primary source of androgen in the mammalian testis, and the prospective identification of stem Leydig cells (SLCs) may
Karin Pfisterer et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 135(1), 130-141 (2014-07-23)
The skin has to effectively combat external attacks, while maintaining skin immune homeostasis under steady-state conditions. To fulfill these challenging tasks, the dermis harbors a variety of heterogeneous cell types that are able to suppress T-cell proliferation similar to bone
Yu Matsukura et al.
Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 33(2), 246-253 (2014-11-19)
Even though mouse studies have various advantages, harvesting an adequate number of synovial mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is difficult in mice. We investigated whether the total yield of MSCs increased in synovium with inflammation in mice. Infrapatellar fat pads (IFPs)
M Catauro et al.
Drug delivery, 21(8), 595-604 (2013-12-10)
Controlled and local drug delivery systems of anti-inflammatory agents are attracting an increasing attention because of their extended therapeutic effect and reduced side effects. In this work, the sol-gel process was used to synthesize zirconia/polyethylene glycol (ZrO2/PEG) hybrid materials containing
L Pelligand et al.
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, 37(4), 354-366 (2014-03-19)
Robenacoxib and ketoprofen are acidic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Both are licensed for once daily administration in the cat, despite having short blood half-lives. This study reports the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modelling of each drug in a feline model of inflammation.
Paola Romina Amable et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e104662-e104662 (2014-08-15)
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is increasingly used as a cell culture supplement, in order to reduce the contact of human cells with animal-derived products during in vitro expansion. The effect of supplementation changes on cell growth and protein production is not
Ana S F Ribeiro et al.
Neurourology and urodynamics, 33(5), 558-565 (2013-07-13)
The current study investigates the role played by bradykinin (BK) receptors in the contractility to the pig bladder neck smooth muscle. Bladder neck strips were mounted in myographs for isometric force recordings and BK receptors expression was also determined by
Yong Sang Kim et al.
The American journal of sports medicine, 42(10), 2424-2434 (2014-08-12)
Marrow stimulation for the treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) is controversial in patients with poor prognostic factors of OLTs. Currently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are expected to biologically augment the treatment of OLTs. To compare the clinical
Jasim Anabrees et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (7)(7), CD007604-CD007604 (2011-07-08)
Although survival of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants has dramatically improved over the last decades, the rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not changed. The use of indomethacin prophylaxis in ELBW infants results in improved short-term outcomes with no
M Y Jeong et al.
International journal of obesity (2005), 39(3), 456-464 (2014-08-12)
To investigate the anti-obesity effect of Rubi Fructus (RF) extract using brown adipose tissue (BAT) and primary brown preadipocytes in vivo and in vitro. Male C57BL/6 J mice (n=5 per group) were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 10 weeks with
James R F Hockley et al.
Pain, 155(10), 1962-1975 (2014-06-28)
Chronic visceral pain affects millions of individuals worldwide and remains poorly understood, with current therapeutic options constrained by gastrointestinal adverse effects. Visceral pain is strongly associated with inflammation and distension of the gut. Here we report that the voltage-gated sodium
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