Showing 1-30 of 215 results for "R4500"
Alexandra C Weaver et al.
Toxins, 6(12), 3336-3353 (2014-12-24)
To evaluate the effects of the mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) on pigs and the benefits of two mycotoxin mitigation strategies, gilts (n = 84, 9.1 ± 0.1 kg) were allotted to four treatments: CON (control); MT (4.8 mg/kg...
Nacim Bouheraoua et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(11), 7601-7609 (2014-10-30)
We compared the efficacy and early morphological changes in the cornea following conventional (C-CXL), transepithelial by iontophoresis (I-CXL), and accelerated (A-CXL) collagen cross-linking in keratoconus. A total of 45 eyes of 45 patients with progressive keratoconus who underwent corneal collagen...
Jian-Zhuang Tan et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(1), 126-135 (2014-04-15)
The effects of dietary l-arginine (Arg) on immunosuppression following infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) inoculation in broiler chickens were evaluated. The design of this study was a 5 × 2 factorial arrangement (n = 5) with five Arg concentrations (starter:...
Bhupesh Bagga et al.
Cornea, 31(10), 1197-1200 (2012-09-11)
To report a case of endothelial decompensation after a collagen cross-linking (CXL) procedure for keratoconus. An 18-year-old boy had CXL for keratoconus in the right eye. He developed keratouveitis with generalized corneal edema seen 3 weeks after the procedure. Polymerase...
Arthur Hammer et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(5), 2881-2884 (2014-03-29)
New corneal cross-linking (CXL) devices are capable of using higher UV-A light irradiances than used in original CXL protocols. The Bunsen-Roscoe law states that a photochemical reaction should stay constant if the delivered total energy is kept constant; however, little...
Djamila Achouri et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(3), 493-501 (2014-02-14)
In the field of keratoconus treatment, a lipid-based liquid crystal nanoparticles system has been developed to improve the preocular retention and ocular bioavailability of riboflavin, a water-soluble drug. The formulation of this ophthalmic drug delivery system was optimized by a...
Ryan A Kelley et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(8), 5041-5052 (2014-12-30)
Retbindin is a novel retina-specific protein of unknown function. In this study, we have used various approaches to evaluate protein expression, localization, biochemical properties, and function. We find that retbindin is secreted by the rod photoreceptors into the inter-photoreceptor matrix...
Stella Vitt et al.
Journal of molecular biology, 426(15), 2813-2826 (2014-06-03)
The reversible redox reaction between coenzyme F420 and H2 to F420H2 is catalyzed by an F420-reducing [NiFe]-hydrogenase (FrhABG), which is an enzyme of the energy metabolism of methanogenic archaea. FrhABG is a group 3 [NiFe]-hydrogenase with a dodecameric quaternary structure...
Jose L Güell et al.
Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995), 30(4), 286-288 (2014-04-08)
To present a case of a late, deep stromal scar in a 22-year-old patient with forme fruste keratoconus who underwent combined corneal cross-linking and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Topography-guided corneal cross-linking combined with corneal PRK (without complications) was performed in both...
Mattias Johansson et al.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 106(12), doi:10-doi:10 (2014-11-08)
The etiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is only partially understood, but a metabolic component appears likely. We investigated biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism and RCC onset and survival. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) recruited 385747 participants...
Anastasios John Kanellopoulos
Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995), 29(7), 504-505 (2013-07-04)
To report a novel application of collagen cross-linking (CXL) in refractive astigmatic enhancement of previously performed astigmatic keratotomy. A 28-year-old woman with prior history of bioptics correction of high myopic astigmatism with femtosecond laser-assisted astigmatic keratotomy followed by topography-guided LASIK...
G Ravi et al.
Glycoconjugate journal, 31(3), 247-258 (2014-03-20)
D-Ribitol, a five-carbon sugar alcohol, is an important metabolite in the pentose phosphate pathway; it is an integral part of riboflavin (vitamin B2) and cell wall polysaccharides in most Gram-positive and a few Gram-negative bacteria. Antibodies specific to D-ribitol were...
Karine Meisser Redeuil et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1422, 89-98 (2015-11-03)
This manuscript reports a validated analytical approach for the quantification of 21 water soluble vitamins and their main circulating forms in human plasma. Isotope dilution-based sample preparation consisted of protein precipitation using acidic methanol enriched with stable isotope labelled internal...
Andrew L Garfoot et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(1), 393-404 (2013-11-06)
During infection of the mammalian host, Histoplasma capsulatum yeasts survive and reside within macrophages of the immune system. Whereas some intracellular pathogens escape into the host cytosol, Histoplasma yeasts remain within the macrophage phagosome. This intracellular Histoplasma-containing compartment imposes nutritional...
Arundhati Biswas et al.
PloS one, 8(3), e58190-e58190 (2013-03-14)
Two potential orthologs of the human riboflavin transporter 3 (hRFVT3) were identified in the C. elegans genome, Y47D7A.16 and Y47D7A.14, which share 33.7 and 30.5% identity, respectively, with hRFVT3. The genes are tandemly arranged, and we assign them the names...
Huilu Wu et al.
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology, 148, 252-261 (2015-05-20)
A V-shaped ligand 1,3-bis(1-ethylbenzimidazol-2-yl)-2-thiapropane (bebt) and its transition metal complexes, [Mn(bebt)(pic)2]·CH3OH (pic=picrate) 1, [Co(bebt)2](pic)22 and [Cu(bebt)2](pic)2·2DMF 3, have been synthesized and characterized. The coordinate forms of complexes 1 and 2 are basically alike, which can be described as six-coordinated distorted...
Ali Fadlallah et al.
Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995), 30(10), 688-693 (2014-10-08)
To evaluate the safety and clinical outcome of combined non-topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for the treatment of mild refractive errors in patients with early stage keratoconus. A retrospective, nonrandomized study of patients with early stage...
Karin Becker et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(5), 1519-1545 (2015-03-20)
Lipid excipients are applied for numerous purposes such as taste masking, controlled release, improvement of swallowability and moisture protection. Several melting techniques have evolved in the last decades. Common examples are melt coating, melt granulation and melt extrusion. The required...
Maria De Angelis et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107232-e107232 (2014-09-30)
Lactobacillus rossiae is an obligately hetero-fermentative lactic acid bacterium, which can be isolated from a broad range of environments including sourdoughs, vegetables, fermented meat and flour, as well as the gastrointestinal tract of both humans and animals. In order to...
Inong R Gunanti et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 144(12), 2027-2033 (2014-11-21)
Micronutrient status may be a contributing factor to the development of childhood obesity in many industrializing countries passing the nutritional transition. The few studies investigating associations between serum concentrations of vitamin B and intake of B vitamins with adiposity, however...
Liang Chen et al.
Fish & shellfish immunology, 45(2), 307-320 (2015-04-18)
This study investigated the effects of dietary riboflavin on the growth, gill immunity, tight junction proteins, antioxidant system and related signaling molecules mRNA expression of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish were fed six diets containing graded levels of riboflavin...
Umer Daood et al.
International journal of oral science, 7(2), 110-124 (2014-09-27)
To modify two-step experimental etch-and-rinse dentin adhesive with different concentrations of riboflavin and to study its effect on the bond strength, degree of conversion, along with resin infiltration within the demineralized dentin substrate, an experimental adhesive-system was modified with different...
Caterina Garone et al.
JAMA neurology, 70(9), 1177-1179 (2013-07-10)
Mendelian forms of complex I deficiency are usually associated with fatal infantile encephalomyopathy. Application of "MitoExome" sequencing (deep sequencing of the entire mitochondrial genome and the coding exons of >1000 nuclear genes encoding the mitochondrial proteome) allowed us to reveal...
Rohit Shetty et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 894095-894095 (2014-10-09)
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL) in patients below 14 years of age with progressive keratoconus. Thirty eyes of 18 patients with established progressive keratoconus underwent preoperative and postoperative visual acuity assessment, topography, and...
Damon H May et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 110(10), 1760-1770 (2013-05-10)
Metabolomic profiles were used to characterise the effects of consuming a high-phytochemical diet compared with a diet devoid of fruits and vegetables (F&V) in a randomised trial and cross-sectional study. In the trial, 8 h fasting urine from healthy men...
Author reply: To PMID 24576886.
Dalia G Said et al.
Ophthalmology, 121(12), e68-e68 (2014-08-12)
Hiroki Yoshimatsu et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 306(2), G102-G110 (2013-11-23)
Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is transported across the biological membrane into various organs by transport systems. Riboflavin transporter RFVT3 is expressed in the small intestine and has been suggested to localize in the apical membranes of the intestinal...
Yusuke Takahashi et al.
Phytotherapy research : PTR, 28(10), 1513-1519 (2014-05-07)
Evidences are accumulating that extract of Acanthopanax senticosus Harms (ASH; syn Eleutherococcus senticosus [Rupr. & Maxim.] Maxim), a shrub native to Northeastern Asia, has antiinflammatory effects. In this study, we examined prophylactic and therapeutic effects of ASH extract (ASHE) on...
Liang Chen et al.
Fish & shellfish immunology, 47(1), 470-484 (2015-10-01)
This study investigated the effects of riboflavin on intestinal immunity, tight junctions and antioxidant status of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish were fed diets containing graded levels of riboflavin (0.63-10.04 mg/kg diet) for 8 weeks. The study indicated that...
Rubén M Buey et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(22), 9577-9589 (2015-07-08)
Guanine nucleotides are the precursors of essential biomolecules including nucleic acids and vitamins such as riboflavin. The enzyme inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) catalyzes the ratelimiting step in the guanine nucleotide de novo biosynthetic pathway and plays a key role in controlling...

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