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Rifaximin may have a dramatic effect on hepatic encephalopathy.
Christopher Lamb et al.
Clinical medicine (London, England), 12(5), 489-490 (2012-10-30)
E Scarpellini et al.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 17(10), 1314-1320 (2013-06-07)
Aims of the study were to assess the effects of rifaximin treatment on small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) prevalence and gastrointestinal symptoms. Fifty (50) irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) children were consecutively enrolled. All subjects underwent lactulose hydrogen/methane breath test (LBT)
Hoonmo L Koo et al.
Current opinion in gastroenterology, 26(1), 17-25 (2009-11-03)
Rifaximin is gaining attention for its potential activity in a multitude of gastrointestinal diseases. We review the unique pharmaceutical properties of this antibiotic and the published evidence in the literature regarding the use of rifaximin for different gastrointestinal disorders. Rifaximin
Eszter Tuboly et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 304(2), C207-C214 (2012-11-24)
Previous studies demonstrated methane generation in aerobic cells. Our aims were to investigate the methanogenic features of sodium azide (NaN(3))-induced chemical hypoxia in the whole animal and to study the effects of l-α-glycerylphosphorylcholine (GPC) on endogenous methane production and inflammatory
E Mattila et al.
Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics, 37(1), 122-128 (2012-10-26)
Clostridium difficile can cause severe antibiotic-associated colitis. Conventional treatments with metronidazole and vancomycin improve symptoms, but after discontinuation of treatment, C. difficile infection (CDI) recurs in a number of patients. Rifaximin is a rifamycin-based non-systemic antibiotic that has effect against
Philipp Zanger et al.
The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 13(11), 946-954 (2013-09-10)
Travellers' diarrhoea causes substantial acute and long-term morbidity. Chemoprophylaxis with fluoroquinolones or rifaximin is effective in prevention of diarrhoea in individuals travelling to Latin America and Africa. Little evidence is available to support the protective effect of antimicrobial drugs in
Rosacea and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth: prevalence and response to rifaximin.
Leonard B Weinstock et al.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 68(5), 875-876 (2013-04-23)
A Moretti et al.
La Clinica terapeutica, 163(1), 33-38 (2012-03-01)
Diverticular disease of the colon is the fifth most important gastrointestinal disease in terms of direct and indirect healthcare costs in western countries. Although most patients with colonic diverticula remain asymptomatic for their whole life, in 20-25% of cases will
Rifaximin is an efficacious treatment for the Parkinsonian phenotype of hepatic encephalopathy.
Beverley Kok et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 58(4), 1516-1517 (2013-03-09)
Ron Schey et al.
Expert review of gastroenterology & hepatology, 5(4), 461-464 (2011-07-26)
Alterations in gut flora may play an important role in the pathophysiology of bowel symptoms, especially in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). If so, antibiotics that affect gut flora may offer a novel approach for the management of patients
Kenneth R Lawrence et al.
Pharmacotherapy, 28(8), 1019-1032 (2008-07-29)
To review the effectiveness and safety of rifaximin for the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy. A literature search was conducted of MEDLINE (1966-September 2007), the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1995-2007), and the Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Reviews (2003-2007). English-language articles identified
P Meyrat et al.
Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics, 36(11-12), 1084-1093 (2012-10-17)
While rifaximin was able to improve symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in phase III trials, these results are yet to be repeated in phase IV studies. To evaluate the treatment response to rifaximin in IBS patients in
Marina Ferrer et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(2) (2021-01-10)
Rifaximin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that ameliorates symptomatology in inflammatory/functional gastrointestinal disorders. We assessed changes in gut commensal microbiota (GCM) and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) associated to rifaximin treatment in mice. Adult C57BL/6NCrl mice were treated (7/14 days) with rifaximin (50/150
Vishesh Kothary et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 57(2), 811-817 (2012-11-28)
Escherichia coli is implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Rifaximin, a nonabsorbable derivative of rifampin effective against E. coli, improves symptoms in mild-to-moderate IBD. However, rifaximin resistance can develop in a single step in vitro. We examined
P Layer et al.
Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics, 31(11), 1155-1164 (2010-03-25)
Travellers' diarrhoea, a common problem worldwide with significant medical impact, is generally treated with anti-diarrhoeal agents and fluid replacement. Systemic antibiotics are also used in selected cases, but these may be associated with adverse effects, bacterial resistance and drug-drug interactions.
Barjesh Chander Sharma et al.
The American journal of gastroenterology, 108(9), 1458-1463 (2013-07-24)
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is associated with poor prognosis in cirrhosis. Drugs used in the treatment of HE are primarily directed at the reduction of the blood ammonia levels. Rifaximin and lactulose have shown to be effective in HE. We evaluated
Darego O Maclayton et al.
The Annals of pharmacotherapy, 43(1), 77-84 (2008-12-19)
To review the effectiveness and safety of rifaximin in the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). MEDLINE (1990-October 2008) was searched using the terms rifaximin, rifamycins, hepatic encephalopathy, liver cirrhosis, and acute liver failure. Other sources included the bibliographies of pertinent
Guy W Neff et al.
Journal of clinical gastroenterology, 47(2), 188-192 (2013-01-15)
The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of Clostridium difficile infection in patients who received rifaximin for the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Medical charts of patients who received rifaximin for the treatment of HE were reviewed.
Robert J Carman et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 56(11), 6019-6020 (2012-08-22)
We report the selection of Clostridium difficile resistant to the rifamycin class of antibiotics in a patient within 32 h of receiving rifaximin for the treatment of recurrent C. difficile diarrhea. Resistance was associated with single nucleotide substitutions within rpoB.
Muna Qayed et al.
Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology, 35(4), e149-e152 (2013-01-01)
In murine allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation models, inhibiting bacterial translocation stemming from conditioning-induced damage to the gut mucosa abrogates inflammatory stimulation of donor T cells, preventing acute graft-versus-host disease (AGVHD). We conducted a phase I trial to begin testing the
Mark Pimentel
Expert opinion on investigational drugs, 18(3), 349-358 (2009-02-27)
Rifaximin is a broad-range, gastrointestinal-specific antibiotic that demonstrates no clinically relevant bacterial resistance. Therefore, rifaximin may be useful in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders associated with altered bacterial flora, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO).
Filippo Cremonini et al.
Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy, 13(3), 433-440 (2012-01-19)
Few therapeutic options are available for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Lubiprostone is approved by the FDA for IBS with constipation, and alosetron in IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D). It has been proposed that alterations in the bowel microflora may play a
Mi-Sung Kim et al.
Digestive diseases and sciences, 58(6), 1676-1682 (2013-04-17)
Rifaximin is a non-absorbed antibiotic relative of rifampicin. The location of effect and staphylococcal resistance are two recent potential concerns with rifaximin. In this study we evaluate the location of effect of rifaximin as well as the development of staphylococcal
Ali A Wahib et al.
Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 44(3), 677-685 (2015-02-04)
This study evaluated the efficacy of rifaximin versus lactulose in the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). The study population included 50 patients who were diagnosed to have signs of the first to third degree HE, according to the West Haven
Qian Jiang et al.
European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology, 20(11), 1064-1070 (2008-12-03)
To compare the positive and negative effects of rifaximin and nonabsorbable disaccharides in patients with hepatic encephalopathy. We used the method recommended by The Cochrane Collaboration to perform a meta-analysis of comparative randomized trials of rifaximin and nonabsorbable disaccharides. Seven
Sanjin Alajbegovic et al.
Systematic reviews, 1, 39-39 (2012-08-30)
Recent developments related to a safe and effective nonabsorbable antibiotic, rifaximin, and identification of postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome as a frequent sequela call for a need to reconsider the value of primary prevention of traveler's diarrhea (TD) with antibiotics. Randomized
Gilbert G G Donders et al.
International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 120(2), 131-136 (2013-01-01)
To compare efficacy and tolerability between different regimens of rifaximin vaginal tablets and a placebo for treatment of bacterial vaginosis. In a prospective study carried out at 13 sites in 3 European countries between August 2009 and October 2010, White
Stacy B Menees et al.
The American journal of gastroenterology, 107(1), 28-35 (2011-11-03)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects 10-15% of the population, and treatment options are limited. Rifaximin is a minimally absorbed antibiotic that has shown efficacy in IBS patients. The objective of our study was to perform a meta-analysis and systematic review
Herbert L DuPont
Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy, 12(2), 293-302 (2011-01-14)
Rifaximin is increasingly being used to treat acute and chronic gastrointestinal infections and disorders. The drug exerts its beneficial effect through a variety of gut-selective mechanisms involving the host intestinal microbiota. Abstracts of all publications listed in PubMed on the
Adriana Stoicescu et al.
Revista medico-chirurgicala a Societatii de Medici si Naturalisti din Iasi, 116(3), 766-772 (2013-01-01)
Some patients previously diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) may develop microscopic colitis or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). To estimate the prevalence of microscopic colitis and SIBO in patients with IBS, to evaluate the symptoms and the efficacy of
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