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Edward O List et al.
Endocrinology, 155(5), 1793-1805 (2014-02-13)
GH is an important regulator of body growth and composition as well as numerous other metabolic processes. In particular, liver plays a key role in the GH/IGF-I axis, because the majority of circulating "endocrine" IGF-I results from GH-stimulated liver IGF-I
Vanesa Viana-Huete et al.
Endocrinology, 157(4), 1495-1511 (2016-02-26)
Brown fat is a thermogenic tissue that generates heat to maintain body temperature in cold environments and dissipate excess energy in response to overfeeding. We have addressed the role of the IGFIR in the brown fat development and function. Mice
Pablo Roman-Garcia et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 124(7), 2988-3002 (2014-06-10)
Both maternal and offspring-derived factors contribute to lifelong growth and bone mass accrual, although the specific role of maternal deficiencies in the growth and bone mass of offspring is poorly understood. In the present study, we have shown that vitamin
Flavia R Siqueira et al.
Physiology & behavior, 154, 68-75 (2015-11-26)
A low-salt (LS) diet during pregnancy has been linked to insulin resistance in adult offspring, at least in the experimental setting. However, it remains unclear if this effect is due to salt restriction during early or late pregnancy. To better
Wenzheng Xia et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 16(5), 7039-7047 (2017-09-14)
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)‑based therapies have demonstrated efficacy in animal models of cardiovascular diseases. However, MSCs decrease in quantity and quality with age, which reduces their capacity for damage repair. Long noncoding (lnc) RNAs regulate gene transcription and the fate
Junjie Gao et al.
Science advances, 5(11), eaaw7215-eaaw7215 (2019-12-05)
Mitochondrial transfer plays a crucial role in the regulation of tissue homeostasis and resistance to cancer chemotherapy. Osteocytes have interconnecting dendritic networks and are a model to investigate its mechanism. We have demonstrated, in primary murine osteocytes with photoactivatable mitochondria
Riki Ogasawara et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 306(10), E1155-E1162 (2014-04-03)
Concurrent training, a combination of endurance (EE) and resistance exercise (RE) performed in succession, may compromise the muscle hypertrophic adaptations induced by RE alone. However, little is known about the molecular signaling interactions underlying the changes in skeletal muscle adaptation
Magdalena Wadowska et al.
Neuropathology and applied neurobiology, 41(4), 544-556 (2014-04-23)
Use of enriched environment (EE) housing has been shown to promote recovery from cerebral ischaemic injury but the underlying mechanisms of their beneficial effects remains unclear. Here we examined whether the beneficial effects of EE housing on ischaemia-induced neurodegeneration and
Danyllo Oliveira et al.
Human molecular genetics, 29(9), 1465-1475 (2020-04-14)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 8 (ALS8) is an autosomal dominant form of ALS, which is caused by pathogenic variants in the VAPB gene. Here we investigated five ALS8 patients, classified as 'severe' and 'mild' from a gigantic Brazilian kindred, carrying
Lalida Rojanathammanee et al.
The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, 69(10), 1199-1211 (2013-11-29)
Ames dwarf mice are deficient in growth hormone (GH), prolactin, and thyroid-stimulating hormone and live significantly longer than their wild-type (WT) siblings. The lack of GH is associated with stress resistance and increased longevity. However, the mechanism underlying GH's actions
Yunhong Wang et al.
PloS one, 13(12), e0209507-e0209507 (2018-12-28)
Peroxisomes can be frequently found in proximity to other subcellular organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), mitochondria or lysosomes. The tail-anchored protein ACBD5 was recently identified as part of a tethering complex at peroxisome-ER contact sites, interacting with the
B A Taylor et al.
Cytogenetics and cell genetics, 56(1), 57-58 (1991-01-01)
The peptide hormone, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), is a major determinant of growth in mammals, and also plays a role in differentiation of adipocytes and other cells (Van Wyk, 1984). Although IGF-I is synthesized in many cell types, the
Qun Li et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 42(2), 1054-1063 (2018-05-12)
Stroke is the second most common cause of death worldwide, and thus, it imposes great financial burdens on both individuals and society. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy is a promising approach for ischemic brain injury. However, MSC treatment potential is
Yajuan Li et al.
Genome medicine, 13(1), 137-137 (2021-08-30)
Exercise training is well established as the most effective way to enhance muscle performance and muscle building. The composition of skeletal muscle fiber type affects systemic energy expenditures, and perturbations in metabolic homeostasis contribute to the onset of obesity and
He He et al.
Inflammation, 38(6), 2178-2184 (2015-06-25)
Sepsis-induced myocardial injury (SIMI) is caused by various mechanisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of salidroside (Sal) on SIMI and its mechanisms in rats. The sepsis model was established by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)
A Blutke et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 394(1-2), 88-98 (2014-07-16)
To study insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1)-independent effects of permanent growth hormone (GH) excess on body and organ growth and pathology in vivo, hemizygous bovine GH transgenic mice with homozygous disruption of the Igf1 gene (Igf1(-/-)/GH) were generated, and examined
Kazi Mirajul Hoque et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 2767-2767 (2020-06-04)
The pathophysiological nature of the common ABCG2 gout and hyperuricemia associated variant Q141K (rs2231142) remains undefined. Here, we use a human interventional cohort study (ACTRN12615001302549) to understand the physiological role of ABCG2 and find that participants with the Q141K ABCG2
María Llorens-Martín et al.
The Neuroscientist : a review journal bringing neurobiology, neurology and psychiatry, 15(2), 134-148 (2009-03-25)
This review addresses the role of serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) as one mechanism of adult neural plasticity, specifically, its regulation of hippocampal neurogenesis among other plasticity-related processes. It is suggested that IGF has been reused advantageously both for
Katarzyna Brodowska et al.
International journal of oncology, 45(6), 2311-2324 (2014-09-13)
Recent studies suggest that the anti-diabetic drug metformin may reduce the risk of cancer and have anti-proliferative effects for some but not all cancers. In this study, we examined the effects of metformin on human retinoblastoma cell proliferation in vitro
Márcio Buffolo et al.
Cell reports, 29(2), 270-282 (2019-10-10)
Accumulation of visceral (VIS) is a predictor of metabolic disorders and insulin resistance. This is due in part to the limited capacity of VIS fat to buffer lipids allowing them to deposit in insulin-sensitive tissues. Mechanisms underlying selective hypertrophic growth
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