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Sheng-Hui Yang et al.
Journal of comparative physiology. B, Biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, 185(6), 677-693 (2015-06-03)
There are essentially four different morphological types of pseudobranchs in teleosts, including lamellae-free, lamellae semi-free, covered, and embedded types. In the euryhaline silver moony (Monodactylus argenteus), the pseudobranch belongs to the lamellae semi-free type, which is characterized by one row
Matilde Durán-Lobato et al.
Biomacromolecules, 15(7), 2725-2734 (2014-06-24)
Oral drug delivery is a route of choice for vaccine administration because of its noninvasive nature and thus efforts have focused on efficient delivery of vaccine antigens to mucosal sites. An effective oral vaccine delivery system must protect the antigen
Doris M Jacobs et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 404(8), 2349-2361 (2012-08-31)
NMR-based metabolite profiling of urine is a fast and reproducible method for detection of numerous metabolites with diverse chemical properties. However, signal overlap in the (1)H NMR profiles of human urine may hamper quantification and identification of metabolites. Therefore, a
Pengshan Zhao et al.
BMC genomics, 15, 872-872 (2014-10-08)
Sand rice (Agriophyllum squarrosum) is an annual desert plant adapted to mobile sand dunes in arid and semi-arid regions of Central Asia. The sand rice seeds have excellent nutrition value and have been historically consumed by local populations in the
Soo Hyeon Kim et al.
Lab on a chip, 15(22), 4356-4363 (2015-10-07)
To array rare cells at the single-cell level, the volumetric throughput may become a bottleneck in the cell trapping and the subsequent single-cell analysis, since the target cells per definition commonly exist in a large sample volume after purification from
Courtney Reichhardt et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 14(11), 1064-1072 (2015-07-15)
Aspergillus fumigatus is commonly responsible for lethal fungal infections among immunosuppressed individuals. A. fumigatus forms biofilm communities that are of increasing biomedical interest due to the association of biofilms with chronic infections and their increased resistance to antifungal agents and
Oluseye A Ogunbayo et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(3), 766-777 (2013-11-19)
Flavonoids are group of plant-derived hydroxylated polycyclic molecules found in fruit and vegetables. They are known to bio-accumulate within humans and are considered to have beneficial health effects, including cancer chemoprotection. One mechanism proposed to explain this is that they
Mira Mooreville et al.
Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 23(4), 808-814 (2015-02-17)
Determine the association of children's susceptibility to large food portion sizes with appetite regulation and obesity. Normal-weight and obese non-Hispanic black children (n = 100) aged 5-6 years were observed in four dinner conditions of varying portion size; portions of all foods
Elizabeth A Wellberg et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(6), 481-481 (2014-12-05)
Spot14 (S14), encoded by the THRSP gene, regulates de novo fatty acid synthesis in the liver, adipose, and lactating mammary gland. We recently showed that S14 stimulated fatty acid synthase (FASN) activity in vitro, and increased the synthesis of fatty
Anna K Coussens et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(26), 8052-8057 (2015-06-17)
Cape Town, South Africa, has a seasonal pattern of UVB radiation and a predominantly dark-skinned urban population who suffer high HIV-1 prevalence. This coexistent environmental and phenotypic scenario puts residents at risk for vitamin D deficiency, which may potentiate HIV-1
Michael K Tian et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 40(4), 2608-2618 (2014-05-16)
Cholinergic stimulation of the cerebral cortex is essential for tasks requiring attention; however, there is still some debate over which cortical regions are required for such tasks. There is extensive cholinergic innervation of both primary and associative cortices, and transient
Daniel Sohmen et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6941-6941 (2015-04-24)
Ribosomal stalling is used to regulate gene expression and can occur in a species-specific manner. Stalling during translation of the MifM leader peptide regulates expression of the downstream membrane protein biogenesis factor YidC2 (YqjG) in Bacillus subtilis, but not in
Janna M Schurer et al.
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 90(6), 1184-1190 (2014-03-19)
Residents of remote and Indigenous communities might experience higher exposure to some zoonotic parasites than the general North American population. Human sero-surveillance conducted in two Saulteaux communities found 113 volunteers exposed as follows: Trichinella (2.7%), Toxocara canis (4.4%), Echinococcus (4.4%)
A Mühlstein et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(7), 518-524 (2014-07-31)
Arylsulfatase A (ASA) deficiency is the cause of metachromatic leucodystrophy (MLD), a lysosomal storage disease associated with severe neurological disorders. Poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles overcoated with polysorbate 80 enabled the delivery of several drugs across the blood-brain barrier to the
Rangarajan Padmanabhan et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(9), 1773-1786 (2015-03-22)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important for the formation of migratory neural crest cells during development and is co-opted in human diseases such as cancer metastasis. Chick premigratory cranial neural crest cells lose intercellular contacts, mediated in part by Cadherin-6B
César H Yokomizo et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 28(6), 1167-1175 (2015-04-29)
The effect of four trichlorotelluro-dypnones, named compounds 1, 2, 3, and 4, on the bioenergetics of isolated rat liver mitochondria (RLM) and cells was investigated. In a dose-dependent manner, the studied organotelluranes promoted Ca(2+)-dependent mitochondrial swelling inhibited by cyclosporine A
Henrique Noronha et al.
Planta, 242(4), 909-920 (2015-05-27)
Two grapevine glucose-6-Pi plastidial transporters differently expressed in plant organs and in response to environmental and hormonal signals are characterized. They are involved in starch accumulation in berries and canes. In grapevine, starch accumulation in the trunk is important for
H Shokri
Journal de mycologie medicale, 24(3), 179-184 (2014-04-22)
To investigate the DNA fingerprinting of Candida zeylanoides (C. zeylanoides) strains and the correlation between genotyping and antifungal susceptibility of C. zeylanoides. Paper discs containing nystatin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, Zataria multiflora (Z. multiflora) and Pulicaria gnaphalodes (P. gnaphalodes) essential oils were
L G Schuettpelz et al.
Leukemia, 28(9), 1851-1860 (2014-02-13)
Recent studies demonstrate that inflammatory signals regulate hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is often induced with infection and has a key role in the stress granulopoiesis response. However, its effects on HSCs are less clear. Herein, we
Anitha Panneerselvan et al.
Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, 9(6), 702-713 (2012-11-21)
An implantable scaffold pre-seeded with cells needs to remain viable and encourage rapid angiogenesis in order to replace injured tissues, especially for tissue defect repairs. We created a bioartificial adipose graft composed of an electrospun 3D nanofibrous scaffold and fat
Larry Gray et al.
Pediatrics, 135(3), e607-e614 (2015-02-18)
Increasing data suggest that neonatal pain has long-term consequences. Nonpharmacologic techniques (sucrose taste, pacifier suckling, breastfeeding) are effective and now widely used to combat minor neonatal pain. This study examined the analgesic effect of sucrose combined with radiant warmth compared
Erik Wibowo et al.
Behavioural brain research, 286, 128-135 (2015-03-10)
Androgen deprivation in males has detrimental effects on various tissues and bodily functions, some of which can be restored by estradiol (E2) administration. We investigated how the duration of androgen deprivation affects the autoregulation of estrogen receptors (ERs) levels in
Malte Feja et al.
Psychopharmacology, 232(7), 1291-1302 (2014-10-14)
Deficits in impulse control are prevalent in several neuropsychiatric disorders that are based on impaired frontostriatal communication. The ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc) are key substrates of impulse control in rats. The NAc core and
Remedios Castelló-Cros et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 522, 275-305 (2009-02-28)
It is increasingly recognized that interactions between cancer cells and their surrounding stroma are critical for promoting the growth and invasiveness of tumors. For example, cancer cells alter the topography and molecular composition of stromal extracellular matrix by increasing paracrine
Yasukazu Hozumi et al.
Cell and tissue research, 362(2), 295-305 (2015-05-25)
Adrenal glands play a central role in the secretion of steroid hormones and catecholamines. Previous studies have revealed that molecules engaged in phosphoinositide (PI) turnover are expressed in the adrenal gland, suggesting the importance of PI signaling in adrenal signal
Masanari Takamiya et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117645-e0117645 (2015-02-19)
The cornea is a central component of the camera eye of vertebrates and even slight corneal disturbances severely affect vision. The transcription factor PAX6 is required for normal eye development, namely the proper separation of the lens from the developing
Mohammed Shariful Azam et al.
SpringerPlus, 3, 354-354 (2014-08-01)
Chitin-degrading bacterial strains were screened and tested for their ability to degrade shrimp-shell waste (SSW). Among the potential strains, B. cereus EW5 exhibited the highest chitin-degrading ability compared with other strains and produced 24 mg of reducing sugar per gram of
Judit M Veres et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(49), 16194-16206 (2014-12-05)
Axo-axonic cells (AACs) in cortical regions selectively innervate the axon initial segments (AISs) of principal cells (PCs), where the action potentials are generated. These GABAergic interneurons can alter the activity of PCs, but how the efficacy of spike control correlates
Taylor J Schoberle et al.
PLoS genetics, 10(5), e1004336-e1004336 (2014-05-03)
Secondary metabolites are produced by numerous organisms and can either be beneficial, benign, or harmful to humans. Genes involved in the synthesis and transport of these secondary metabolites are frequently found in gene clusters, which are often coordinately regulated, being
Sibao Yang et al.
FEBS letters, 589(16), 2087-2093 (2015-07-08)
Activating transcription factor 1 (ATF1) may be involved in essential hypertension (EH) by induction of NADPH oxidase 1 (NOX1) and radical oxygen species (ROSs) production. Abnormal expression of ATF1 was found in EH in previous microarray analysis. Here we tested
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