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Timothy D Rohrbach et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(3), 1079-1088 (2014-12-20)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer related deaths. Common molecular drivers of lung cancer are mutations in receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) leading to activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pro-growth, pro-survival signaling pathways. Myristoylated alanine rich C-kinase substrate
Deepak Kaul et al.
Molecular immunology, 64(1), 210-217 (2014-12-17)
The paracaspase mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue 1 (MALT1) has been widely recognized to play crucial role in lymphocyte activation, development and the generation of lymphomas through the modulation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Our results reported here provide evidence for
Yue Wang et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 557-564 (2015-11-04)
This study presents a successful butanol production method using alkali and acid pretreated biomass of Chlorella vulgaris JSC-6. The butanol concentration, yield, and productivity were 13.1g/L, 0.58mol/mol sugar, 0.66g/L/h, respectively. Nearly 2.93L/L of biohydrogen was produced during the acidogenesis phase
Sandra Giovanoli et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 12, 221-221 (2015-11-26)
Prenatal exposure to infection and/or inflammation is increasingly recognized to play an important role in neurodevelopmental brain disorders. It has recently been postulated that prenatal immune activation, especially when occurring during late gestational stages, may also induce pathological brain aging
Camelia A Danilov et al.
Experimental neurology, 266, 147-160 (2015-02-24)
Previous studies indicate that conditional genetic deletion of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in neonatal mice enhances the ability of axons to regenerate following spinal cord injury (SCI) in adults. Here, we assessed whether deleting PTEN in adult neurons post-SCI
Imranul Alam et al.
Bone, 81, 417-426 (2015-08-25)
We previously demonstrated that skeletal structure and strength phenotypes vary considerably in heterogeneous stock (HS) rats. These phenotypes were found to be strongly heritable, suggesting that the HS rat model represents a unique genetic resource for dissecting the complex genetic
Jaymes Beech et al.
Bioconjugate chemistry, 26(3), 529-536 (2015-02-19)
High-throughput screening of combinatorial chemical libraries is a powerful approach for identifying targeted molecules. The display of combinatorial peptide libraries on the surface of bacteriophages offers a rapid, economical way to screen billions of peptides for specific binding properties and
Anke Loregger et al.
Science signaling, 8(393), ra90-ra90 (2015-09-10)
Given its fundamental role in development and cancer, the Wnt-β-catenin signaling pathway is tightly controlled at multiple levels. RING finger protein 43 (RNF43) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase originally found in stem cells and proposed to inhibit Wnt signaling by
Takahiro Kondo et al.
Neuroscience research, 98, 35-44 (2015-06-21)
Using histological and electrophysiological methods, we identified the neuroanatomical properties of the common marmoset corticospinal tract (CST), which underlies hand/arm motor control. Biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) was injected into the primary motor cortex to anterogradely label CST axons in the
Ya He et al.
Cell transplantation, 23(6), 747-760 (2013-07-03)
Although neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation is widely expected to become a therapy for nervous system degenerative diseases and injuries, the low neuronal differentiation rate of NSCs transplanted into the inner ear is a major obstacle for the successful treatment
Sabine Giesbert et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e95172-e95172 (2014-05-07)
In phytopathogenic fungi the establishment and maintenance of polarity is not only essential for vegetative growth and differentiation, but also for penetration and colonization of host tissues. We investigated orthologs of members of the yeast polarity complex in the grey
Louise Dubois et al.
The Prostate, 75(10), 1063-1073 (2015-03-19)
Prostasomes are nanosized extracellular vesicles exocytosed by prostate epithelial cells. They have been assigned many roles propitious to sperm in favor of fertilization. Prostatic cancer cells can also produce and secrete extracellular vesicles. We assessed using ELISA, the surface expression
Santiago Roura et al.
International journal of cardiology, 176(3), 805-814 (2014-08-19)
Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is characterized by adverse ventricular remodeling attributed to altered activity of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase (MMP). MMP overactivation is linked to changes in extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), reportedly modulated by the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1)
Heidi Stoll et al.
Biomicrofluidics, 9(3), 034111-034111 (2015-07-17)
Aptamers are promising cell targeting ligands for several applications such as for the diagnosis, therapy, and drug delivery. Especially, in the field of regenerative medicine, stem cell specific aptamers have an enormous potential. Using the combinatorial chemistry process SELEX (Systematic
Bo Ma et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(30), 10799-10814 (2015-08-01)
Microglia are resident macrophages in the CNS that scavenge pathogens, dying cells, and molecules using pattern recognition Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) family transcription factors also regulate inflammatory responses in microglia. However, whether there exists cross
Katrin Paulsen et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 538786-538786 (2015-02-06)
Cells of the immune system are highly sensitive to altered gravity, and the monocyte as well as the macrophage function is proven to be impaired under microgravity conditions. In our study, we investigated the surface expression of ICAM-1 protein and
David Daudé et al.
Natural product reports, 29(9), 945-960 (2012-07-06)
Sucrose is a widespread carbohydrate in nature and is involved in many biological processes. Its natural abundance makes it a very appealing renewable raw material for the synthetic production of high-valued molecules. To further diversify the structure and the inherent
Céline Caillava et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 35(7), 1570-1581 (2014-02-06)
The β-amyloid precursor protein undergoes cleavages by β- and γ-secretasses yielding amyloid-β peptides (Aβ) that accumulate in Alzheimer's disease. Subsequently, Aβ peptides are targets of additional truncations or endoproteolytic cleavages explaining the diversity of Aβ-related fragments recovered in cell media
Esther Serrano-Pertierra et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 96(3), 437-445 (2014-05-08)
Membrane rafts are microdomains of the plasma membrane that have multiple biological functions. The involvement of these structures in the biology of T cells, namely in signal transduction by the TCR, has been widely studied. However, the role of membrane
Eric Chabrol et al.
Biophysical journal, 108(3), 666-677 (2015-02-05)
Langerin, a trimeric C-type lectin specifically expressed in Langerhans cells, has been reported to be a pathogen receptor through the recognition of glycan motifs by its three carbohydrate recognition domains (CRD). In the context of HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus-1) transmission
Sindy Cole et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16143-16143 (2015-11-06)
The orexin/hypocretin system is important for reward-seeking behaviors, however less is known about its function in non-homeostatic feeding. Environmental influences, particularly cues for food can stimulate feeding in the absence of hunger and lead to maladaptive overeating behavior. The key
Rostislav Chudnovskiy et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e108408-e108408 (2014-10-09)
To determine the metabolic effects of grapefruit juice consumption we established a model in which C57Bl/6 mice drank 25-50% sweetened GFJ, clarified of larger insoluble particles by centrifugation (cGFJ), ad libitum as their sole source of liquid or isocaloric and
V Kaushal et al.
Cell death and differentiation, 22(10), 1676-1686 (2015-03-07)
Neuronal active Caspase-6 (Casp6) is associated with Alzheimer disease (AD), cognitive impairment, and axonal degeneration. Caspase-1 (Casp1) can activate Casp6 but the expression and functionality of Casp1-activating inflammasomes has not been well-defined in human neurons. Here, we show that primary
Tamzin A Blewett et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 164, 23-33 (2015-04-29)
In freshwater, invertebrates nickel (Ni) is considered an ionoregulatory toxicant, but its mechanism of toxicity in marine settings, and how this varies with salinity, is poorly understood. This study investigated Ni accumulation and physiological mechanisms of sub-lethal Ni toxicity in
Michela Marongiu et al.
Stem cells and development, 24(12), 1429-1435 (2015-02-04)
Amniotic epithelial cells (AEC) derived from human placenta represent a useful and noncontroversial source for liver-based regenerative medicine. Previous studies suggested that human- and rat-derived AEC differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells upon transplantation. In the retrorsine (RS) model of liver repopulation
M Margaret Vickerman et al.
Journal of microbiological methods, 116, 15-22 (2015-07-01)
Despite the powerful potential of fluorescent proteins for labeling bacteria, their use has been limited in multi-species oral biofilm models. Fermentative metabolism by streptococcal species that initiate biofilm colonization results in an acidic, reduced microenvironment that may limit the activities
Patricia Bonin et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(20), 15347-15359 (2015-01-07)
The impact of petroleum contamination and of burrowing macrofauna on abundances of Marinobacter and denitrifiers was tested in marine sediment mesocoms after 3 months incubation. Quantification of this genus by qPCR with a new primer set showed that the main
Aki Makanae et al.
Developmental biology, 396(1), 57-66 (2014-10-07)
Urodele amphibians have remarkable organ regeneration capability, and their limb regeneration capability has been investigated as a representative phenomenon. In the early 19th century, nerves were reported to be an essential tissue for the successful induction of limb regeneration. Nerve
Carie R Boychuk et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 114(2), 999-1007 (2015-06-19)
Changes in blood glucose concentration alter autonomic function in a manner consistent with altered neural activity in brain regions controlling digestive processes, including neurons in the brain stem nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS), which process viscerosensory information. With whole cell or
Brandon M Fritz et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 135, 83-89 (2015-06-03)
We recently observed that the addition of caffeine (a nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist) to a 20% ethanol solution significantly altered the intoxication profile of male C57BL/6J (B6) mice induced by voluntary binge-like consumption in the 'Drinking-in-the-Dark' (DID) paradigm. In the
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