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Kaushlendra Tripathi et al.
Oncotarget, 6(7), 5237-5252 (2015-03-07)
Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), a constituent of many cruciferous vegetables exhibits significant anticancer activities in many cancer models. Our studies provide novel insights into AITC-induced anticancer mechanisms in human A549 and H1299 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. AITC exposure induced
Amanda J Brinkworth et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123219-e0123219 (2015-04-22)
Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains have emerged as a cause of life-threatening infections in susceptible individuals (e.g., transplant recipients and critically ill patients). Strains classified as multilocus sequence type (ST) 258 are among the most prominent causes of carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae
Kevin Y Lee et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8054-8054 (2015-08-25)
Skeletal muscle is composed of both slow-twitch oxidative myofibers and fast-twitch glycolytic myofibers that differentially impact muscle metabolism, function and eventually whole-body physiology. Here we show that the mesodermal transcription factor T-box 15 (Tbx15) is highly and specifically expressed in
Masaru Kurosawa et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(4), 1092-1105 (2014-10-12)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a dominantly inherited genetic disease caused by mutant huntingtin (htt) protein with expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tracts. A neuropathological hallmark of HD is the presence of neuronal inclusions of mutant htt. p62 is an important regulatory protein
Ksenia Pougach et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4868-4868 (2014-09-11)
The emergence of new genes throughout evolution requires rewiring and extension of regulatory networks. However, the molecular details of how the transcriptional regulation of new gene copies evolves remain largely unexplored. Here we show how duplication of a transcription factor
I-Mo Fang et al.
Experimental eye research, 130, 38-50 (2014-12-06)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of chitosan oligonucleotides (COS) on retinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Rats pretreated with PBS, low-dose COS (5 mg/kg), or high-dose COS (10 mg/kg) were subjected to retinal
Kenichi Tanabe et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(24), 5747-5752 (2015-06-02)
We have previously shown that the Association of Official Analytical Chemists' (AOAC) methods 2001.03 and 2009.01 were not able to measure accurately nondigestible oligosaccharide because they are incapable of hydrolyzing digestible oligosaccharide, leading to overestimation of nondigestible oligosaccharide. Subsequently, we
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Jie Zhang et al.
Phytochemistry, 108, 157-170 (2014-12-03)
The MeOH extract of defatted shea (Vitellaria paradoxa; Sapotaceae) kernels was investigated for its constituents, and fifteen oleanane-type triterpene acids and glycosides, two steroid glucosides, two pentane-2,4-diol glucosides, seven phenolic compounds, and three sugars, were isolated. The structures of five
Shinya Hasegawa et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 453(3), 631-635 (2014-10-11)
Acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase (AACS) is a ketone body-utilizing enzyme, which is responsible for the synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids from ketone bodies in lipogenic tissues, such as the liver and adipocytes. To explore the possibility of AACS regulation at the
Austin B Mogen et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0133886-e0133886 (2015-07-30)
Streptococcus mutans is the primary causative agent of dental caries, one of the most prevalent diseases in the United States. Previously published studies have shown that Pluronic-based tooth-binding micelles carrying hydrophobic antimicrobials are extremely effective at inhibiting S. mutans biofilm
Jeremy P Ledermann et al.
The Journal of general virology, 95(Pt 7), 1436-1443 (2014-04-11)
Sunguru virus (SUNV), a novel virus belonging to the highly diverse Rhabdoviridae family, was isolated from a domestic chicken in the district of Arua, Uganda, in 2011. This is the first documented isolation of a rhabdovirus from a chicken. SUNV
Laetitia Francelle et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(6), 1563-1573 (2014-11-16)
The mechanisms underlying preferential atrophy of the striatum in Huntington's disease (HD) are unknown. One hypothesis is that a set of gene products preferentially expressed in the striatum could determine the particular vulnerability of this brain region to mutant huntingtin
Hazel H Szeto et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 308(1), F11-F21 (2014-10-24)
Ischemia time during partial nephrectomy is strongly associated with acute and chronic renal injury. ATP depletion during warm ischemia inhibits ATP-dependent processes, resulting in cell swelling, cytoskeletal breakdown, and cell death. The duration of ischemia tolerated by the kidney depends
M Côté et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 46, 154-167 (2015-02-01)
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients often suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) impairments that are associated with the alteration of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons in the myenteric nervous system. Growing evidence suggests that inflammation originating from the gut may have a major impact in
Giselle M A Martínez-Noël et al.
FEBS letters, 587(11), 1669-1674 (2013-04-27)
The net synthesis of sucrose (Suc) is catalysed by the sequential action of Suc-phosphate synthase (SPS) and Suc-phosphate phosphatase (SPP). SPS and SPP from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 (7120-SPS and 7120-SPP) define minimal catalytic units. Bidomainal SPSs, where both units
Kristīne Krūkle-Bērziņa et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 107, 168-174 (2015-01-16)
The compatibility of thermodynamically unstable polymorph of two active pharmaceutical compounds (xylazine hydrochloride form X and zopiclone form C) with different excipients was investigated. The effects of the excipient and its amount in the sample on the thermal properties and
Jie Su et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 523(10), 1505-1528 (2015-01-30)
The mechanisms underlying rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-induced pain are still not fully elucidated, and accumulating data indicate that peripheral inflammation is not the only factor driving pain in these patients. The focus of our work is to investigate the molecular basis
Sumihiro Koyama et al.
Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.), 17(5), 678-692 (2015-08-06)
The purpose of this study was to develop a novel electrical retrieval method (ER method) for living sponge-associated microorganisms from marine sponges frozen at -80 °C. A -0.3-V vs. Ag/AgCl constant potential applied for 2 h at 9 °C induced
Lili Huang et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(49), 16309-16319 (2014-12-05)
The hypothalamic NPY system plays an important role in regulating food intake and energy expenditure. Different biological actions of NPY are assigned to NPY receptor subtypes. Recent studies demonstrated a close relationship between food intake and growth hormone (GH) secretion;
Yun Jeong Kim et al.
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 387(9), 799-809 (2014-06-01)
Menadione induces apoptosis in tumor cells. However, the mechanism of apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells exposed to menadione is not clear. In addition, it is unclear whether menadione-induced apoptosis is mediated by the depletion of glutathione (GSH) contents that is
Elizabeth M Hill et al.
Animal microbiome, 3(1), 37-37 (2021-05-13)
For more than 30 years, the tetracycline on/off system of inducible gene expression has been leveraged to study disease mechanisms across many research areas, especially that of metabolism and neuroscience. This system requires acute or chronic exposure to tetracycline derivatives
Michiaki Okuda et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117511-e0117511 (2015-02-07)
In tauopathies, a neural microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) is abnormally aggregated and forms neurofibrillary tangle. Therefore, inhibition of the tau aggregation is one of the key approaches for the treatment of these diseases. Here, we have identified a novel tau
Bing Zhu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 104(7), 2169-2176 (2015-05-02)
The current study presents a new approach to tackle high-dose lung delivery using a prototype multibreath Orbital® dry powder inhaler (DPI). One of the key device components is the "puck" (aerosol sample chamber) with precision-engineered outlet orifice(s) that control the
Yunpeng Xie et al.
Cell and tissue research, 362(2), 421-430 (2015-05-30)
Successful placentation depends on the proper invasion of extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells into maternal tissues. Previous reports have demonstrated that FoxM1 is oncogenic and plays important roles in angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. However, little is known about the roles of
Young-Sam Cho et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(2), 1796-1802 (2015-04-22)
Ulinastatin is a urinary trypsin inhibitor, originally extracted and purified from human urine. Ulinastatin has cytoprotective effects against ischemic injury in several organs. In the present study, the neuroprotective effects of ulinastatin following ischemic cerebral injury in the hippocampus of
Jegdish P Babu et al.
Oral health & preventive dentistry, 12(4), 365-371 (2014-03-14)
This in vitro study was designed to assess the effectiveness of three oral rinses on bacterial adherence to epithelial cells and hydroxyapatite surfaces. The role of oral rinses on the detachment of bacteria from biofilm was also evaluated. The efficacy
Marco Milanese et al.
Neurobiology of disease, 74, 314-324 (2014-12-17)
The impact of synaptic vesicle endo-exocytosis on the trafficking of nerve terminal heterotransporters was studied by monitoring membrane expression and function of the GABA transporter-1 (GAT-1) and of type-1/2 glycine (Gly) transporters (GlyT-1/2) at spinal cord glutamatergic synaptic boutons. Experiments
Sachie Sasaki-Hamada et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 41(11), 1393-1401 (2015-04-09)
Glucose is the sole neural fuel for the brain and is essential for cognitive function. Abnormalities in glucose tolerance may be associated with impairments in cognitive function. Experimental obese model mice can be generated by an intraperitoneal injection of monosodium
Conductometric biosensors
Biological Identification, 153-193 (2014)
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