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Nádia Pereira Gonçalves et al.
Amyloid : the international journal of experimental and clinical investigation : the official journal of the International Society of Amyloidosis, 21(3), 175-184 (2014-06-12)
Inflammation is a key pathological hallmark of several neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP). Among all inflammatory cytokines associated with FAP, IL-1β, in particular, has been implicated in playing a key pathogenic role. In
Bin Zhou et al.
mBio, 10(4) (2019-08-01)
Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are transposable elements that cause host genome instability and usually play deleterious roles in disease such as tumorigenesis. Recent advances also suggest that this "enemy within" may encode a viral mimic to induce antiviral immune responses through
Variants of the RELA gene are associated with schizophrenia and their startle responses
Hashimoto R, et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology (2011)
Hayoung Yoo et al.
Inflammation, 37(5), 1560-1574 (2014-04-08)
Sepsis is a state of disrupted inflammatory homeostasis that is initiated by infection. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein acting as a late mediator of severe vascular inflammatory conditions, such as sepsis and endothelial cell protein C receptor (EPCR)
Xing He et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e104323-e104323 (2014-08-15)
Schistosomiasis japonica is a serious tropical parasitic disease in humans, which causes inflammation and fibrosis of the liver. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are known to play an important role in schistosome-induced fibrosis, but their role in schistosome-induced inflammation is still
Chong-Chao Hsieh et al.
Food & function, 5(10), 2494-2500 (2014-08-15)
Chemokines play important roles in the pathogenesis of asthmatic inflammation. Sesamin, a class of phytoestrogen isolated from sesame seed Sesamum indicum, is recently regarded as an anti-inflammatory agent. However, the effects of sesamin on asthma-related chemokines are unknown. To this
Hayoung Yoo et al.
Inflammation, 37(5), 1705-1717 (2014-04-29)
High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein acts as a late mediator of severe vascular inflammatory conditions. Orientin has been known to have anxiolytic and antioxidative activities. However, the effect of orientin on HMGB1-induced inflammatory response has not been studied. We
Wenyu Xin et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 171(14), 3526-3538 (2014-04-10)
Methyl salicylate 2-O-β-d-lactoside (MSL), whose chemical structure is similar to that of salicylic acid, is a natural product derivative isolated from a traditional Chinese herb. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of MSL in mice
Guan-Xian Liu et al.
Clinical science (London, England : 1979), 127(3), 195-208 (2014-02-12)
The TGFβ (transforming growth factor β)/SMAD and NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) signalling pathways play a key role in hypertensive nephropathy. The present study examined whether targeting these pathways by SMAD7, a downstream inhibitor of both pathways, blocks AngII (angiotensin II)-induced
Rebecca T Hahn et al.
Atherosclerosis, 234(2), 391-400 (2014-04-22)
Glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) represents an anti-inflammatory mediator, whose downregulation has been described in various inflammatory processes. Aim of our study was to decipher the regulation of GILZ in vascular inflammation. Degenerated aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts (n = 15)
Marina Klawitter et al.
European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society, 23(9), 1878-1891 (2014-07-06)
Although inflammatory processes play an essential role in painful intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration, the underlying regulatory mechanisms are not well understood. This study was designed to investigate the expression, regulation and importance of specific toll-like receptors (TLRs)--which have been shown
Guanghua Li et al.
Cancer research, 74(19), 5541-5552 (2014-08-06)
Gastric cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Helicobacter pylori infection plays an important role in the development and progression of gastric cancer. The expression of astrocyte-elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) is increased in gastric cancer tissues
Ujjal Das et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97599-e97599 (2014-05-24)
Ionizing radiation is responsible for oxidative stress by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS), which alters the cellular redox potential. This change activates several redox sensitive enzymes which are crucial in activating signaling pathways at molecular level and can lead to
Wonhwa Lee et al.
Inflammation, 37(5), 1876-1888 (2014-05-16)
Exendin-4 (EX4) has been reported to attenuate myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury and inflammatory and oxidative responses. Nuclear DNA-binding protein high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein acts as a late mediator of severe vascular inflammatory conditions. However, the effect
Ji-Yeon Lee et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 447(2), 371-377 (2014-04-17)
Invasion and metastasis are major causes of malignant tumor-associated mortality. The present study aimed to investigate the molecular events underlying inhibitory effect of N-benzylcantharidinamide, a novel synthetic analog of cantharidin, on matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)-mediated invasion in highly metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma
Francisco Altamirano et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e106590-e106590 (2014-09-03)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a genetic disorder caused by the absence of dystrophin in both skeletal and cardiac muscles. This leads to severe muscle degeneration, and dilated cardiomyopathy that produces patient death, which in most cases occurs before the
Genome-wide association analysis of soluble ICAM-1 concentration reveals novel associations at the NFKBIK, PNPLA3, RELA, and SH2B3 loci
Pare G, et al.
PLoS Genetics (2011)
Ya-Wei Liu et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e103229-e103229 (2014-07-31)
Anti-inflammation via inhibition of NF-κB pathways in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is one therapeutic approach to hepatic fibrosis. Tanshinone IIA (C19H18O3, Tan IIA) is a lipophilic diterpene isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, with reported anti-inflammatory activity. We tested whether Tan
Yunxin Liu et al.
Endocrine-related cancer, 21(4), 639-651 (2014-07-13)
Patients with ulcerative colitis are at a very high risk of developing colorectal cancer. Corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) family peptides and their receptors (CRHRs) are found to modulate inflammation and tumor cell growth. However, the role of CRH family peptides and
Xiao Cheng et al.
Brain research bulletin, 156, 33-42 (2019-12-27)
Numerous studies have shown that local excessive inflammatory response in brain tissue was an important pathogenesis of secondary injury following cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). However, the inflammatory-related targets and pathways after cerebral I/R injury are still unclear. This study was to
Da-Hyun Jeong et al.
Life sciences, 114(1), 12-19 (2014-08-15)
This study was carried out to verify the anti-inflammatory effect of methanol extract from Myagropsis myagroides (MMME) and its n-hexane fraction mojabanchromanol b. The murine macrophages Raw264.7 cells were used. The pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α) and the expression of
Wenru Su et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e99719-e99719 (2014-06-14)
Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness. Injury of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) accounts for visual impairment of glaucoma. Here, we report rapamycin protects RGCs from death in experimental glaucoma model and the underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that
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