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Young Chan Jeong et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 37(10), 1694-1698 (2014-08-08)
Although pregabalin has been shown to have preclinical and clinical efficacy in neuropathic pain, the mechanism of its antinociceptive action is still unknown in other pain states. This study aimed to evaluate the antinociceptive effect of pregabalin and its underlying
Tanusree Paul et al.
European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 50(11), 1855-1863 (2014-05-27)
Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor (EGFRI) induced skin toxicity has a prognostic value suggesting skin toxicity can be a useful surrogate marker for successful epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition, improved response and survival. But the pathophysiology of EGFRI induced
Vicky García-Hernández et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 230(1), 105-115 (2014-06-10)
Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) is a key regulator of epithelial paracellular permeability, a property that depends on tight junctions (TJ) and can be evaluated through the measurement of the transepithelial electrical resistance (TER). EGF increases the TER of MDCK monolayers
Nattanant Noomhorm et al.
Journal of pharmacological sciences, 125(4), 375-385 (2014-08-22)
This study investigated the herb-drug interaction of xanthorrhizol and tamoxifen in human breast cancer cells. Using MCF-7 cell line as an in vitro model, the herb-drug interaction between xanthorrhizol and tamoxifen was measured by MTT assay, luciferase reporter assay, and
Fumihito Noguchi et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e102271-e102271 (2014-08-15)
MED1 (Mediator complex subunit 1) is a co-activator of various transcription factors that function in multiple transcriptional pathways. We have already established keratinocyte-specific MED1 null mice (Med1(epi-/-)) that develop epidermal hyperplasia. Herein, to investigate the function(s) of MED1 in skin
Jia-Yun Li et al.
Cellular & molecular immunology, 11(5), 477-494 (2014-04-29)
Brucella abortus is a zoonotic Gram-negative pathogen that causes brucelosis in ruminants and humans. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize Brucella abortus and initiate antigen-presenting cell activities that affect both innate and adaptive immunity. In this study, we focused on recombinant Brucella
Andrea Matteucci et al.
Experimental eye research, 128, 109-113 (2014-08-26)
Exposure to Stimulating Environments (SE) during development may improve neuroplasticity in central nervous system, protect against neurotoxic damage, and promote neuronal recovery in adult life. While biochemical mechanisms of SE-promoted neuronal plasticity are well known in the brain, much less
Philippe Bourassa et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 86(2), 138-149 (2014-05-31)
In this study, we used a combination of traditional signaling investigation approaches, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) biosensors, and the label-free approach surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy to monitor the signaling cascades of the μ-opioid receptor (MOP). In human embryonic
Qi Zhang et al.
The Journal of urology, 191(6), 1880-1888 (2014-01-18)
Mutations in the FLCN gene are responsible for fibrofolliculoma, pulmonary and renal cysts, and renal cell carcinoma in patients with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome. To explore therapeutic approaches to renal cell carcinoma in patients with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome we investigated the anticancer effects
Yu Kamishibahara et al.
Neuroscience letters, 579, 58-63 (2014-07-20)
Rho kinase (ROCK) is one of the major downstream mediators of Rho. Rho plays crucial regulatory roles in the cellular proliferation and differentiation. Because a ROCK inhibitor, Y-27632, is known to inhibit the dissociation-induced cell death in human embryonic stem
H Hamidi et al.
British journal of cancer, 111(9), 1788-1801 (2014-08-29)
To study the molecular mechanism regulating sensitivity to MEK inhibition in pancreatic cancer cell lines. A growth inhibition assay determined sensitivity to MEK162 in a panel of 29 pancreatic cancer cell lines. For the same panel, KRAS mutational status and
Ingvild J Brusevold et al.
BMC cancer, 14, 432-432 (2014-06-15)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive neoplasm with serious morbidity and mortality, which typically spreads through local invasive growth. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is involved in a number of biological processes, and may have a role in cancer cell migration
Karine Thibault et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(44), 14739-14751 (2014-10-31)
Painful experiences are multilayered, composed of sensory, affective, cognitive and behavioral facets. Whereas it is well accepted that the development of chronic pain is due to maladaptive neuronal changes, the underlying molecular mechanisms, their relationship to the different pain modalities
Kusum Rathore et al.
BMC cancer, 14, 465-465 (2014-06-27)
Development and further characterization of animal models for human cancers is important for the improvement of cancer detection and therapy. Canine bladder cancer closely resembles human bladder cancer in many aspects. In this study, we isolated and characterized four primary
A I Velghe et al.
Oncogene, 33(20), 2568-2576 (2013-06-12)
Activating mutations in the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor alpha (PDGFRA) have been described in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors or myeloid malignancies associated with hypereosinophilia. These patients respond well to imatinib mesylate, raising the question as to whether patients
Jinhui Yang et al.
Neuropharmacology, 86, 353-361 (2014-09-10)
Increasing evidence demonstrates that different opioids, while acting μ opioid receptors, can activate distinct downstream responses, a phenomenon termed functional selectivity or biased agonism. The present study designed experiments to test whether the μ receptor agonist morphine and D-Ala(2), N-Me-Phe(4)
S Karabulut et al.
Andrologia, 46(10), 1113-1117 (2013-12-10)
Sperm or testicular tissue cryopreservation is performed in cases of male infertility as a treatment for the preservation of fertility. When these sperm cells are used in assisted reproductive techniques, fertilisation rates, developmental and implantation potential of embryos decrease and
Stanislav Avdieiev et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 22(15), 3815-3823 (2014-07-12)
Glioblastoma (GB), the most aggressive brain tumour, and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), a rare but very aggressive type of lymphoma, are highly resistant to chemotherapy. GB and MCL chemotherapy gives very modest results, the vast majority of patients experience recurrent
Miwa Tanaka et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 124(7), 3061-3074 (2014-06-10)
Ewing's sarcoma is a highly malignant bone tumor found in children and adolescents, and the origin of this malignancy is not well understood. Here, we introduced a Ewing's sarcoma-associated genetic fusion of the genes encoding the RNA-binding protein EWS and
Sudipta Maitra et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 393(1-2), 109-119 (2014-06-24)
High intra-cellular cyclic nucleotide (cAMP) ensures prophase-I arrest and prevent steroid-induced meiotic G2-M1 transition in full-grown oocytes; however, relatively less information is available for cAMP regulation of growth factor-stimulated signalling events in the oocyte model. Here using zebrafish oocytes, we
Ying Wang et al.
Fertility and sterility, 102(1), 257-263 (2014-04-22)
To clarify the role and mechanism of interleukin (IL)-25 in regulating the biological functions of decidual stromal cells (DSCs) in human early pregnancy. Laboratory study of the effect of IL-25 induced by hCG on the proliferation of DSCs. Research laboratories.
Jie Chen et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 229(11), 1647-1659 (2014-03-13)
Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells participate in cementum formation through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Previous studies have shown that transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) are involved in inducing EMT. However, their involvement in
Jörn Tongers et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 74, 231-239 (2014-07-11)
The translation of cell-based therapies for ischemic tissue repair remains limited by several factors, including poor cell survival and limited target site retention. Advances in nanotechnology enable the development of specifically designed delivery matrices to address these limitations and thereby
Shota Yamana et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0124259-e0124259 (2015-04-22)
Contact inhibition of cell movement and proliferation is critical for proper organogenesis and tissue remodeling. We show here a novel regulatory mechanism for this contact inhibition using cultured vascular endothelial cells. When the cells were confluently cultured, Necl-4 was up-regulated
Anne Elsner et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 20(24), 7914-7925 (2014-07-01)
To study if three clinically available small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMI), erlotinib, sunitinib and sorafenib, exert antifibrogenic effects on pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) and analyze the basis of their action. Cultured rat PSC were exposed to SMI. Cell proliferation and
Jing Hu et al.
European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 50(13), 2336-2350 (2014-07-09)
Recent studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are important gene regulators that play critical roles in biological processes and function as either tumour suppressors or oncogenes. Therefore, the expression levels of miRNAs can be important and reliable biomarkers for cancer
Duangrat Tantikanlayaporn et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 20(8-9), 676-682 (2013-04-06)
Curcuma comosa Roxb. is ginger-family plant used to relieve menopausal symptoms. Previous work showed that C. comosa extracts protect mice from ovariectomy-induced osteopenia with minimal effects on reproductive organs, and identified the diarylheptanoid (3R)-1,7-diphenyl-(4E,6E)-4,6-heptadien-3-ol (DPHD) as the major active component
Jessica Tilghman et al.
Cancer research, 74(11), 3168-3179 (2014-04-09)
Glioblastoma (GBM) stem cells (GSC) are a subpopulation of tumor cells that display stem-like characteristics (stemness) and play unique roles in tumor propagation, therapeutic resistance, and tumor recurrence. Therapeutic targets in GSCs are a focus of increasing interest to improve
Xiaobai He et al.
Biochemistry, 53(42), 6667-6678 (2014-10-03)
Tachykinins constitute one of the largest peptide families in the animal kingdom and exert their diverse actions via G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). In this study, the Bombyx tachykinin-related peptides (TKRPs) were identified as specific endogenous ligands for the Bombyx neuropeptide
Anna Otte et al.
International journal of oncology, 45(3), 1151-1158 (2014-06-28)
A recently established cellular model for the rare small cell carcinoma of the ovary hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT-1) was characterized in comparison to ovarian adenocarcinoma cells (NIH:OVCAR-3 and SK-OV-3). The different cancer populations exhibited a common sensitivity in acidic pH milieu
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