Showing 1-30 of 146 results for "saponifications"
Sejeong Yoon et al.
Advanced healthcare materials, 7(14), e1800050-e1800050 (2018-05-01)
Here, a new bioprinting process by combining drop-on-demand inkjet printing with a spray-coating technique, which enables the high-resolution, high-speed, and freeform fabrication of large-scale cell-laden hydrogel structures is reported. Hydrogel structures with various shapes and composed of different materials, including...
Fernando Serrulla et al.
Science & justice : journal of the Forensic Science Society, 56(6), 453-463 (2016-12-05)
During the excavation of the Spanish Civil War mass grave at La Pedraja (Burgos, Spain), 104 individuals were found interred within it, 45 of which displayed brains that were preserved but dehydrated and reduced in size. This exceptional finding has...
Wilmer H Perera et al.
Journal of separation science, 40(19), 3771-3781 (2017-08-02)
As an aid for structure elucidation of new steviol glycosides, reversed-phase C18 high-performance liquid chromatography method was developed with several previously characterized diterpene glycosides, to identify known and detect novel aglycone-C13 oligosaccharide moieties and indirectly identify C-19 interlinkages. Elution order...
Christiana A Georgiou et al.
Food chemistry, 145, 918-926 (2013-10-17)
In recent years, cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) have drawn scientific interest, particularly due to their implications on human health. A big number of these compounds have been demonstrated to be cytotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic. The main source of COPs is...
Byung-Man Kwak et al.
Food chemistry, 165, 569-574 (2014-07-21)
A rapid and simple sample preparation method for vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) was developed for emulsified dairy products such as milk-based infant formulas. A sample was mixed in a 50 mL centrifuge tube with the same amount of water and isopropyl...
Raúl Domínguez-Perles et al.
Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 107, 619-628 (2018-03-28)
Phytoprostanes (PhytoPs) and phytofurans (PhytoFs) are prostaglandin-like compounds, contributing to defense signaling and prevention of cellular damage. These plant oxylipins result from autoxidation of α-linolenic acid (ALA) and have been proposed as new bioactive compounds due to their structural analogies...
Comparison of solid phase extraction, saponification and gel permeation chromatography for the clean-up of microwave-assisted biological extracts in the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Navarro P, et al.
International Journal of GEOMATE, 1128(1-2), 10-16 (2006)
L S Afinisha Deepam et al.
Journal of oleo science, 61(5), 241-247 (2012-04-26)
Rice Bran Oil contains a variety of Unsaponifiable Constituents (USC) that are presumed to contribute to the high value of Unsaponifable Matter (USM). The objectives of the present study were to identify and quantify the constituents in USM. The changes...
In-Seek Jeong et al.
Journal of food science, 77(10), C1042-C1046 (2012-09-18)
In this study, nonheated saponification was employed as a novel, rapid, and easy sample preparation method for the determination of cholesterol in emulsified foods. Cholesterol content was analyzed using gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector (GC-FID). The cholesterol extraction...
Sebastiaan Bijttebier et al.
Food chemistry, 163, 147-153 (2014-06-11)
Alkaline saponification is often used to remove interfering chlorophylls and lipids during carotenoids analysis. However, saponification also hydrolyses esterified carotenoids and is known to induce artifacts. To avoid carotenoid artifact formation during saponification, Larsen and Christensen (2005) developed a gentler...
M R F Lee et al.
Meat science, 92(4), 863-866 (2012-07-04)
When fractionation of meat lipids is not required, procedures such as saponification can be used to extract total fatty acids, reducing reliance on toxic organic compounds. However, saponification of muscle fatty acids is laborious, and requires extended heating times, and...
M Rivard et al.
Amino acids, 15(4), 389-392 (1999-01-19)
Papain-catalyzed regioselective cleavage of alpha-methyl ester in Z-DL-Asu(OMe)-OMe leads to Z-L-Asu(OMe)-OH and Z-D-Asu(OMe)-OMe. Subsequent saponifications yield Z-L-Asu-OH and Z-D-Asu-OH. The enzymatic alpha-ester hydrolysis was also achieved by subtilisin BPN' in organic solvent with low water content.
V V Onoprienko et al.
Bioorganicheskaia khimiia, 26(6), 403-410 (2000-08-03)
Peptides Boc-Ala-Asn/Gln-OH and Boc-Asn/Gln-Ala-OH were saponified with barium hydroxide to corresponding Asp/Glu-containing peptides. Under the conditions of saponification, Boc-Asn-Ala-OH additionally afforded Boc-Asp-OH, isopeptide Boc-Asp(Ala)-OH, and Boc-NHSuc > Ala-OH, with the third being the key intermediate in these transformations. Boc-Asp(OMe)-Ala-OMe underwent...
E Katsanidis et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 27(11-12), 1137-1140 (2000-01-21)
Tocopherols and tocotrienols are being increasingly recognized to have an important role in the prevention of atherosclerosis. It has been reported that they protect low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and tissues from oxidative stress and that tocotrienols can reduce plasma cholesterol levels....
Luisito Cercaci et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 985(1-2), 211-220 (2003-02-13)
The sterol composition of extra virgin olive oil is very characteristic and, thus, has become a helpful tool to detect adulterations with other vegetable oils. Special attention has been addressed to the separate determination of the free and esterified sterol...
G K Marathe et al.
Journal of lipid research, 42(9), 1430-1437 (2001-08-24)
Lysophosphatidylcholine is an abundant component of plasma and oxidized LDL that displays several biological activities, some of which may occur through the platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor. We find that commercial lysophosphatidylcholine, its alkyl homolog (lyso-PAF), and PAF all induce inflammation...
K Laumen et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 65(9), 1977-1980 (2001-10-26)
Optically pure D-tert.-leucine was obtained by the enzymatic hydrolysis of (+/-)-N-acetyl-tert. leucine chloroethyl ester after about 50% conversion, this being catalyzed by a protease from Bacillus licheniformis (Alcalase), and subsequent acidic saponification of the recovered ester. Among the methyl, ethyl...
P M Steinert et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 272(3), 2021-2030 (1997-01-17)
Involucrin was the first protein to be identified as a likely constituent of the insoluble cornified cell envelope (CE) of stratified squamous epithelia. However, to date, direct isolation from CEs of involucrin cross-linked by way of the transglutaminase-induced isopeptide bond...
Matthew A Zajac
The Journal of organic chemistry, 73(17), 6899-6901 (2008-08-06)
Efforts to couple 4 with 12 employing base mediation are problematic due to the formation of 6. To circumvent this issue, 12 was converted to the pyridine borane complex (13). Alkylation of 4 with 13 provided 3 after removal of...
P M Steinert et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 272(3), 2021-2030 (1997-01-17)
Involucrin was the first protein to be identified as a likely constituent of the insoluble cornified cell envelope (CE) of stratified squamous epithelia. However, to date, direct isolation from CEs of involucrin cross-linked by way of the transglutaminase-induced isopeptide bond...
V Piironen et al.
International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition, 54(1), 35-40 (1984-01-01)
A HPLC Method is described for the determination of tocopherols and tocotrienols in human diets and plasma. After a room-temperature saponification diet samples were extracted with n-hexane. A direct hexane extraction was used for plasma samples. Using a normal-phase column...
Andrea Gorassini et al.
Food chemistry, 230, 604-610 (2017-04-15)
A rapid and sensitive HPLC-APCI-MS/MS method for the determination of cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) in milk powder based foods is reported. The method consists in the direct saponification of the sample and purification of oxysterols by reversed phase C18-SPE followed...
Andreas Koschella et al.
Carbohydrate research, 345(8), 1028-1033 (2010-04-08)
Novel polyelectrolytes were prepared by conversion of 6-azido-6-deoxycellulose with acetylenedicarboxylic acid dimethyl ester and subsequent saponification. Up to 62% of the azide moieties were converted. The reaction was completed within 48 h using 2 moles of acetylenedicarboxylic acid dimethyl ester...
Tae-Hyuk Kwon et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 76(10), 4088-4093 (2011-04-14)
A one-pot synthesis of 2,6-dibromodithieno[3,2-b;2',3'-d]thiophene (dibromo-DTT, 4) was developed. A key step was bromodecarboxylation of DTT-2,6-dicarboxylic acid, obtained by saponification of the diester 1. The donor-acceptor dye DAHTDTT (13), based on a central 2,6-bis[2'-(3'-hexylthienyl)]dithieno[3,2-b;2',3'-d]thiophene core (9), was prepared and incorporated...
Benoît Heurtaux et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 70(4), 1474-1477 (2005-02-12)
[reaction: see text] Several natural pulvinic acids were synthesized. Silyl ketene acetals derived from methyl arylacetates (4 equiv) reacted with oxalyl chloride at -78 degrees C, without the need of adding a catalyst. After treatment of the crude diketones with...
Guangtao Qian et al.
Steroids, 92, 1-6 (2014-09-15)
β-d-Glucopyranoside,(3β,12β,20E)-12,25-dihydroxydammar-20(22)-en-3-yl (pseudo-ginsenoside Rh2) and its 20Z-isomer were synthesized from ginsenoside Rh2 under a mild condition, via a simple three-step called acetylation, elimination-addition and saponification. In addition, their activities were evaluated by eight different human tumor cells, compared with ginsenoside Rh2...
Suvendra Nath Bagchi et al.
Indian journal of microbiology, 51(4), 496-500 (2012-10-02)
A unicyanobacterial isolate of cyanobacterium, identified as Microcystis Ku2, produced a mammalian elastase-inhibitory lipid derivative. Protease inhibitors in cyanobacteria are unequivocally peptides. Since this metabolite appeared in lipid phase, we worked on a hypothesis that whether metabolite other than peptides...
Florian Erver et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 77(11), 5215-5219 (2012-05-10)
The first synthesis of the natural products credneramide A and B was accomplished by utilizing Alder-ene reactions between a terminal alkene and an internal alkyne to generate the rather uncommon 1,4-diene substructure of these compounds. Moreover, two different short linear...
P I Kitov et al.
Carbohydrate research, 307(3-4), 361-369 (1998-07-24)
The Pk trisaccharide and the central disaccharide element of asialo GM1 activated as their trichloroacetimidates were each used to glycosylate 16-(p-toluensulfonyloxy) hexadecanol 1. Displacement of the tosyl group by thiocyanate followed by sodium borohydride reduction and saponification afforded oligosaccharide 16-mercaptohexadecanyl...

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