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SML0788

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The Use of Endometrial Cancer Patient?Derived Organoid Culture for Drug Sensitivity Testing Is Feasible
Girda E, et al.
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer : Official Journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society, 27(8), 1701-1701 (2017)
Patricia García et al.
Cancers, 12(4) (2020-03-29)
Gallbladder cancer is an aggressive disease with late diagnosis and no efficacious treatment. The Hippo-Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) signaling pathway has emerged as a target for the development of new therapeutic interventions in cancers. However, the role of the Hippo-targeted
Christian W Johnson et al.
Cell reports, 28(6), 1538-1550 (2019-08-08)
Ras GTPases are mutated at codons 12, 13, and 61, with different frequencies in KRas, HRas, and NRas and in a cancer-specific manner. The G13D mutant appears in 25% of KRas-driven colorectal cancers, while observed only rarely in HRas or
Timothy Nacarelli et al.
Cancer research, 80(4), 890-900 (2019-12-21)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal of gynecologic malignancies. The standard-of-care treatment for EOC is platinum-based chemotherapy such as cisplatin. Platinum-based chemotherapy induces cellular senescence. Notably, therapy-induced senescence contributes to chemoresistance by inducing cancer stem-like cells (CSC). However
Steven D Forsythe et al.
Annals of surgical oncology, 27(13), 4950-4960 (2020-07-08)
Chemotherapy dosing duration and perfusion temperature vary significantly in HIPEC protocols. This study investigates patient-derived tumor organoids as a platform to identify the most efficacious perfusion protocol in a personalized approach. Peritoneal tumor tissue from 15 appendiceal and 8 colon
Sanjin Hosic et al.
ACS biomaterials science & engineering, 7(7), 2949-2963 (2021-07-20)
Microfluidic organs-on-chips aim to realize more biorelevant in vitro experiments compared to traditional two-dimensional (2D) static cell culture. Often such devices are fabricated via poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) soft lithography, which offers benefits (e.g., high feature resolution) along with drawbacks (e.g., prototyping
Jelmer Hoeksma et al.
Disease models & mechanisms, 13(9) (2020-08-21)
Zebrafish models are well-established tools for investigating the underlying mechanisms of diseases. Here, we identified cercosporamide, a metabolite from the fungus Ascochyta aquiliqiae, as a potent bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR) type I kinase inhibitor through a zebrafish embryo phenotypic
First-line treatment selection with organoids of an EGFRm + TP53m stage IA1 patient with early metastatic recurrence after radical surgery and follow-up.
Ziqi Jia et al.
Journal of thoracic disease, 12(7), 3764-3773 (2020-08-18)
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A83-01 inhibits TGF-Β-induced upregulation of Wnt3 and epithelial to mesenchymal transition in HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells.
Wu Y, et al.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 163(3), 449-460 (2017)
Steven A Saenz et al.
PloS one, 16(11), e0248034-e0248034 (2021-11-10)
Retinoic acid receptor-related orphan nuclear receptor (ROR) γt is a member of the RORC nuclear hormone receptor family of transcription factors. RORγt functions as a critical regulator of thymopoiesis and immune responses. RORγt is expressed in multiple immune cell populations
Anna Urciuolo et al.
Nature biomedical engineering, 4(9), 901-915 (2020-06-24)
Fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) structures and functional tissues directly in live animals would enable minimally invasive surgical techniques for organ repair or reconstruction. Here, we show that 3D cell-laden photosensitive polymer hydrogels can be bioprinted across and within tissues of
Isabel Romero-Calvo et al.
Molecular cancer research : MCR, 17(1), 70-83 (2018-09-02)
Patient-derived pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) organoid systems show great promise for understanding the biological underpinnings of disease and advancing therapeutic precision medicine. Despite the increased use of organoids, the fidelity of molecular features, genetic heterogeneity, and drug response to the
Yohan Kim et al.
STAR protocols, 2(4), 100840-100840 (2021-09-30)
This protocol describes the generation of bipotent chemically derived hepatic progenitors (mCdHs) from mouse primary hepatocytes and their subsequent differentiation into either hepatic or cholangiocytic lineages. The reprogrammed mCdHs have a high proliferation capacity and express progenitor markers in long-term
Julia Varga et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 217(10) (2020-08-05)
Recently, a transcriptome-based consensus molecular subtype (CMS) classification of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been established, which may ultimately help to individualize CRC therapy. However, the lack of animal models that faithfully recapitulate the different molecular subtypes impedes adequate preclinical testing
Ling Leng et al.
Stem cell research & therapy, 11(1), 415-415 (2020-09-25)
Millions suffer from skin diseases. Functional interfollicular epidermal stem cells are needed in skin therapy or drug screening in vitro. We obtained functional interfollicular epidermal stem cells with intact stemness and cell junctions by treating them with Wnt3a. Moreover, epidermal
Jerzy A Woznicki et al.
Cell death & disease, 11(1), 68-68 (2020-01-29)
Proteins of the BCL-2 family are evolutionarily conserved modulators of apoptosis that function as sensors of cellular integrity. Over the past three decades multiple BCL-2 family members have been identified, many of which are now fully incorporated into regulatory networks
Özge Canli et al.
Cancer cell, 32(6), 869-883 (2017-12-13)
Increased oxidative stress has been suggested to initiate and promote tumorigenesis by inducing DNA damage and to suppress tumor development by triggering apoptosis and senescence. The contribution of individual cell types in the tumor microenvironment to these contrasting effects remains
Nina Maenhoudt et al.
STAR protocols, 2(2), 100429-100429 (2021-04-20)
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal gynecological cancer. Faithful research models are indispensable to the progression of understanding OC etiology and therapy. Here, we provide a detailed protocol for establishing organoid cultures from patient OC biopsies. The organoids reproduce
Brooke Schuster et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 5271-5271 (2020-10-21)
Three-dimensional (3D) cell culture technologies, such as organoids, are physiologically relevant models for basic and clinical applications. Automated microfluidics offers advantages in high-throughput and precision analysis of cells but is not yet compatible with organoids. Here, we present an automated
Eugenia Girda et al.
International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society, 27(8), 1701-1707 (2017-07-07)
Patient-derived organoids (PDOs), used in multiple tumor types, have allowed evaluation of tumor characteristics from individual patients. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of applying PDO in vitro culture for endocrine-based and drug sensitivity testing in endometrial cancer. Endometrial
Hui Chen et al.
Gynecologic oncology, 157(3), 783-792 (2020-04-08)
Cancer patient-derived organoids (PDOs) grow as three dimensional (3D) structures in the presence of extracellular matrix and have been found to represent the original tumor's genetic complexity. In addition, PDOs can be grown and subjected to drug sensitivity testing in
Adam D Werts et al.
Cellular and molecular gastroenterology and hepatology, 9(3), 403-423 (2019-11-23)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease of premature infants characterized by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-dependent intestinal inflammation and enterocyte death. Given that necroptosis is a proinflammatory cell death process that is linked to bacterial signaling, we investigated its potential
Karen Dunbar et al.
Cellular and molecular gastroenterology and hepatology, 11(2), 465-489 (2020-09-25)
Aspirin reduces colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality. Understanding the biology responsible for this protective effect is key to developing biomarker-led approaches for rational clinical use. Wnt signaling drives CRC development from initiation to progression through regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition
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