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T4571

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Fatma E Agha et al.
Renal failure, 36(5), 704-716 (2014-03-04)
The study was aimed to estimate whether pre-treatment with sodium selenite or taurine would reverse kidney damage induced by intraperitoneal injection of mercuric chloride in rats. Animals were divided into six groups: (1) control group; (2) sodium selenite group; (3)
Elizabeth Mathew et al.
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 775, 345-369 (2013-02-09)
This study has compared the actions of the sulfur-containing compounds taurine (TAU) and thiotaurine (TTAU) with those of insulin (INS) on the oxidative stress that develops in the aorta and heart as a result of diabetes. Diabetes was induced in
María V Correa et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(9), 1819-1830 (2013-12-12)
Emerging evidence supports a key role for endothelin-1 (ET-1) and the transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in angiotensin II (Ang II) action. We aim to determine the potential role played by endogenous ET-1, EGFR transactivation and redox-dependent
C De la Puerta et al.
Nutricion hospitalaria, 25(6), 910-919 (2011-04-27)
Taurine has probed to be involved in a wide range of biological processes and to provide several different important health benefits. Its effects have been revealed to be exerted mainly through its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, among other mechanisms. The
Takashi Ito et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 44(5), 927-937 (2008-04-15)
The sulfur-containing beta-amino acid, taurine, is the most abundant free amino acid in cardiac and skeletal muscle. Although its physiological function has not been established, it is thought to play an important role in ion movement, calcium handling, osmoregulation and
Matthew C Henn et al.
Journal of the American Heart Association, 4(8), e002016-e002016 (2015-08-26)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers provide cardioprotection in multiple models. Ion flux at an unidentified mitochondrial K(ATP) channel has been proposed as the mechanism. The renal outer medullary kidney potassium channel subunit, potassium inward rectifying (Kir)1.1, has been implicated as
Kazuki Miyaji et al.
Journal of applied animal welfare science : JAAWS, 18(4), 355-362 (2015-02-14)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet on the feline stress response by measuring plasma and urinary cortisol. A study diet was developed with a unique combination of nutrients that supports the management of stressful
Atcharaporn Thaeomor et al.
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 775, 437-448 (2013-02-09)
In adult rats, perinatal taurine depletion followed by high sugar intake alters neural and renal control of arterial pressure via the renin-angiotensin system. This study tests the hypothesis that perinatal taurine supplementation predisposes adult female rats to the adverse arterial
Michael Lever et al.
Cardiovascular drugs and therapy, 28(5), 459-468 (2014-07-26)
Betaine deficiency is a probable cardiovascular risk factor and a cause of elevated homocysteine. Urinary betaine excretion is increased by fibrate treatment, and is also often elevated in diabetes. Does fibrate further increase betaine excretion in diabetes, and does it
Maha A E Ahmed
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 282(3), 285-296 (2014-12-30)
The wide abuse of the anabolic steroid nandrolone decanoate by athletes and adolescents for enhancement of sporting performance and physical appearance may be associated with testicular toxicity and infertility. On the other hand, taurine; a free β-amino acid with remarkable
Burcu Bekdeşer et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(46), 11109-11115 (2014-11-05)
Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is an important reactive oxygen species (ROS) and non-radical and is taking part in physiological processes concerned with the defense of the organism, but there has been limited information regarding its scavenging by polyphenols. This study was
Naama H Sleiman et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 81, 34-45 (2015-02-03)
The junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (jSR) is an important and unique ER subdomain in the adult myocyte that concentrates resident proteins to regulate Ca(2+) release. To investigate cellular mechanisms for sorting and trafficking proteins to jSR, we overexpressed canine forms of
Doris M Jacobs et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 404(8), 2349-2361 (2012-08-31)
NMR-based metabolite profiling of urine is a fast and reproducible method for detection of numerous metabolites with diverse chemical properties. However, signal overlap in the (1)H NMR profiles of human urine may hamper quantification and identification of metabolites. Therefore, a
Luc A Cynober
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 18(9), 761-766 (2002-09-26)
The plasma concentration of an amino acid (AA) is the result of its rates of appearance (Ra) in and disappearance (Rd) from plasma. As for most nutrients, AA Ra and Rd are tightly regulated and at the postabsorptive state Ra
Supachoke Mangmool et al.
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.), 29(4), 583-596 (2015-02-27)
Although the cardioprotective effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 and its analogs have been reported, the exact mechanisms of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) signaling pathway in the heart are still unclear. Activation of the GLP-1R has been shown to increase cAMP
C A Goddard et al.
Acta physiologica (Oxford, England), 194(2), 123-140 (2008-04-19)
To explore the physiological consequences of the ryanodine receptor (RyR2)-P2328S mutation associated with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). We generated heterozygotic (RyR2 p/s) and homozygotic (RyR2 s/s) transgenic mice and studied Ca2+ signals from regularly stimulated, Fluo-3-loaded, cardiac myocytes. Results
Ju-eun Jeon et al.
Journal of natural products, 76(9), 1679-1685 (2013-09-13)
Four new cytotoxic diterpenoid pseudodimers (2-5), along with a previously reported one, gukulenin A (1), were isolated from the marine sponge Phorbas gukhulensis collected off the coast of Gagu-do, Korea. These novel compounds, designated gukulenins C-F (2-5), were determined by
Shao-Jung Wu et al.
Marine drugs, 12(11), 5677-5697 (2014-11-26)
Bacterial-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) can cause defective intestinal barrier function and play an important role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, a nanocarrier based on chitosan and fucoidan was developed for oral delivery of berberine (Ber). A
Takaaki Miyake et al.
International journal of oncology, 47(1), 315-324 (2015-05-06)
Although progress has been made in chemotherapeutic strategies against pancreatic cancer, overall survival has not significantly improved over the past decade. Thus, the development of better therapeutic regimens remains a high priority. Pancreatic cancer cell lines were treated with tamoxifen
Luciano A Silva et al.
Cell biochemistry and function, 29(1), 43-49 (2011-01-26)
Infrequent exercise, typically involving eccentric actions, has been shown to cause oxidative stress and to damage muscle tissue. High taurine levels are present in skeletal muscle and may play a role in cellular defences against free radical-mediated damage. This study
Alessia Bellomaria et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 733-739 (2015-10-17)
Several nutraceutical preparations containing proteins, amino acids and other small molecules are nowadays present on the market. In this work we propose NMR spectroscopy such as (1)H NMR, (1)H-(1)H TOCSY and DOSY for their constituents characterization, identification and profiling, comparing
Kenji Hashimoto et al.
Archives of general psychiatry, 60(6), 572-576 (2003-06-11)
The hypofunction of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptors has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Several lines of evidence suggest that D-serine may function as an endogenous agonist of the glycine site of the NMDA receptor. The
Yoshihiko Terashima et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 555-556, 55-65 (2014-05-27)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the commonest form of chronic liver disease in developed countries. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which represents advanced stage NAFLD, is increasingly being recognized as a major cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality. However, no effective
Mina Islambulchilar et al.
Journal of cancer research and therapeutics, 11(2), 426-432 (2015-07-08)
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of oral taurine supplementation on the incidence of chemotherapy-induced adverse drug reactions during chemotherapy in young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Forty young adult (aged over 16 years) with
Takashi Ito et al.
Amino acids, 42(5), 1529-1539 (2011-03-26)
Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a free amino acid found ubiquitously in millimolar concentrations in all mammalian tissues. Taurine exerts a variety of biological actions, including antioxidation, modulation of ion movement, osmoregulation, modulation of neurotransmitters, and conjugation of bile acids, which
Yue Wang et al.
Cell calcium, 58(3), 264-274 (2015-06-28)
Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is important in cardiac protection in diseased heart. Recently, we have reported that nNOS is associated with myofilament Ca(2+) desensitization in cardiac myocytes from hypertensive rats. So far, the effect of myofilament Ca(2+) desensitization or
M Desforges et al.
Cell death & disease, 4, e559-e559 (2013-03-23)
The outer epithelial cell layer of human placenta, the syncytiotrophoblast, is a specialised terminally differentiated multinucleate tissue. It is generated and renewed from underlying cytotrophoblast cells that undergo proliferation, differentiation and fusion with syncytiotrophoblast. Acquisition of fresh cellular components is
A González-Quevedo et al.
Revista cubana de medicina tropical, 50 Suppl, 241-244 (1999-06-01)
It was studied the amino acids pattern in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of 12 and 8 patients, respectively, suffering from optic epidemic neuropathy diagnosed between 1995 and 1997 (endemic period). The cerebrospinal fluid of 16 patients diagnosed during the epidemic
Valentin M Sluch et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16595-16595 (2015-11-14)
Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) injury and cell death from glaucoma and other forms of optic nerve disease is a major cause of irreversible vision loss and blindness. Human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived RGCs could provide a source of cells for
Sara S Marques et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 114, 305-311 (2015-06-22)
The current therapeutic strategies are based on the design of multifunctional drug candidates able to interact with various disease related targets. Drugs that have the ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS), beyond their main therapeutic action, may prevent the
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