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Zhang Lin et al.
Biomedical chromatography : BMC, 28(9), 1235-1245 (2014-03-13)
Metabolomics is a rapidly growing field in the comprehensive understanding of cellular and organism-specific responses associated with perturbations induced by medicines, chemicals and environment. Blood matrices are frequently used in clinical and biological studies. In this study, we compared metabolic
Urszula Czyżewska et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 18(5), 584-591 (2014-09-10)
Propolis is a resin that is collected by honeybees from various plant sources. Due to its pharmacological properties, it is used in commercial production of nutritional supplements in pharmaceutical industry. In this study, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was applied for quality
Kejun Zhou et al.
Journal of proteome research, 14(6), 2569-2574 (2015-04-23)
Biliary atresia (BA) is a rare neonatal cholestatic disorder caused by obstruction of extra- and intra-hepatic bile ducts. If untreated, progressive liver cirrhosis will lead to death within 2 years. Early diagnosis and operation improve the outcome significantly. Infants with
Hongyun Li et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 36(5), 1820-1833 (2015-03-19)
Apolipoprotein D (apoD) is expressed in the brain and levels are increased in affected brain regions in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The role that apoD may play in regulating AD pathology has not been addressed. Here, we crossed both apoD-null mice
Hidenori Matsukami et al.
The Science of the total environment, 493, 672-681 (2014-07-06)
Chlorinated and non-halogenated organophosphorus flame retardants (OPFRs) including tris(2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCIPP), diethylene glycol bis(di(2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate) (DEG-BDCIPP), triphenyl phosphate (TPHP), and bisphenol A bis(diphenyl phosphate) (BPA-BDPP) have been used increasingly as alternatives to polybrominated diphenyl ethers and other brominated flame retardants.
Eunice Molinar-Toribio et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e104637-e104637 (2014-08-15)
SHROB rats have been suggested as a model for metabolic syndrome (MetS) as a situation prior to the onset of CVD or type-2 diabetes, but information on descriptive biochemical parameters for this model is limited. Here, we extensively evaluate parameters
Wenjiao Wang et al.
Plant & cell physiology, 56(7), 1339-1354 (2015-05-30)
Cuticular waxes play an important part in protecting plant aerial organs from biotic and abiotic stresses. In previous studies, the biosynthetic pathway of cuticular waxes and relative functional genes has been researched and understood; however, little is known in cucumber
Kalaiselvi Senthil et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123360-e0123360 (2015-04-16)
Free radical scavenging activity (FRSA), total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid content (TFC) of in vitro cultured and field grown Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) roots were investigated. Withanolides analysis and comprehensive metabolic profiling between 100% methanol extracts of in vitro
Manuela Reitz et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 854, 47-60 (2014-12-07)
This article reports on the chemical analysis of molecular profiles of tarsal secretions of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forsskål, 1775) by gas chromatography hyphenated with quadrupol mass spectrometry (GC-MS) as well as (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) spectroscopy. Special
G Paulsen et al.
The Journal of physiology, 592(24), 5391-5408 (2014-11-12)
This study investigated the effects of vitamin C and E supplementation on acute responses and adaptations to strength training. Thirty-two recreationally strength-trained men and women were randomly allocated to receive a vitamin C and E supplement (1000 mg day(-1) and
Minghua Nie et al.
The Science of the total environment, 487, 785-791 (2013-12-25)
The occurrence and multi-phase distribution of six environmental estrogen compounds were investigated in a drinking water reservoir area by analyzing estrogens in suspended particulate matter (SPM), filtrate (conventional dissolved phase, <1 μm), permeate (truly soluble phase, <1 kDa) and retentate
Minghua Nie et al.
Chemosphere, 127, 109-116 (2015-02-14)
The occurrence and distribution of six selected estrogen compounds were investigated in samples of surface water, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and sediment in the Yangtze Estuary and its coastal areas over four seasons. With the exception of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), all
Bin Huang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(22), 12898-12908 (2014-07-01)
The occurrence and behavior of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in sewage treatment plants (STPs), especially estrogens and phenols, have been closely concerned in previous studies. However, the systematical researches about progestogens and androgens were scarce in STPs adopting different treatment
Simona Pichini et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 104, 62-66 (2014-12-08)
A pilot study of market surveillance in Senegal has been performed analyzing best selling drugs from an official pharmacy and a street market in two principal cities of Senegal and some traditional preparations from herbal medicine from the same market.
Alexandr N Simonov et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0141252-e0141252 (2015-11-21)
Cytochrome P450c17 (P450 17A1, CYP17A1) is a critical enzyme in the synthesis of androgens and is now a target enzyme for the treatment of prostate cancer. Cytochrome P450c17 can exhibit either one or two physiological enzymatic activities differentially regulated by
Emanuela Scolamiero et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 11(6), 1525-1535 (2015-02-18)
Inborn errors of metabolism are genetic disorders due to impaired activity of enzymes, transporters, or cofactors resulting in accumulation of abnormal metabolites proximal to the metabolic block, lack of essential products or accumulation of by-products. Many of these disorders have
Magda Caban et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1346, 107-116 (2014-05-13)
This paper discusses a new silylating reagent - dimethyl(3,3,3-trifluoropropyl)silyldiethylamine (DIMETRIS) - for the derivatisation of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) prior to GC-MS analysis. DIMETRIS reacts with seven target compounds (diclofenac, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen, flurbiprofen and paracetamol, as well as salicylic
Mariusz Krupiński et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 280, 678-684 (2014-09-16)
4-n-Nonylphenol (4-n-NP) is an environmental pollutant with endocrine-disrupting activities that is formed during the degradation of nonylphenol polyethoxylates, which are widely used as surfactants. Utilization of 4-n-NP by the filamentous fungus Aspergillus versicolor as the sole carbon and energy source
Roksana Wierzbicka et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 1000, 120-129 (2015-07-29)
High throughput GC-MS methods for quantification of alkylresorcinols (AR), biomarkers of whole grain wheat and rye intake, in plasma and adipose tissue and their metabolites in urine were developed and optimised. Alkylresorcinols in plasma (200μL) and adipose tissues (10-50mg) were
Mark C Derbyshire et al.
Fungal genetics and biology : FG & B, 82, 69-84 (2015-06-16)
Septoria tritici blotch (STB) caused by the Ascomycete fungus Zymoseptoria tritici is one of the most economically damaging diseases of wheat worldwide. Z. tritici is currently a major target for agricultural fungicides, especially in temperate regions where it is most
Xinyi Zhou et al.
Talanta, 147, 82-89 (2015-11-26)
Male infertility has become an important public health problem worldwide. Nowadays the diagnosis of male infertility frequently depends on the results of semen quality or requires more invasive surgical intervention. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a novel approach for
Gati Krushna Panigrahi et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 28(6), 1120-1132 (2015-04-29)
Our prior studies have shown an association between the deaths of children and consumption of Cassia occidentalis (CO) seeds. However, the chemicals responsible for the CO poisoning are not known. Therefore, the present study was designed to identify the key
Michael Englert et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(18), 5503-5511 (2015-05-07)
Purification of individual fatty acids from vegetable oils by preparative liquid chromatography techniques such as countercurrent chromatography (CCC) is a challenging task due to the equivalent-chain-length (ECL) rule. It implies that one double bond equals two carbon atoms in the
Bernhard Watzer et al.
International journal of legal medicine, 129(4), 759-769 (2014-12-20)
Arthrotec(®) (AT) is a combination of diclofenac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), and misoprostol (MP), a synthetic analogue of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1). MP is a lipophilic methyl ester prodrug. It is readily metabolized to the biologically active misoprostol acid (MPA).
Winnie Luu et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(4), 888-897 (2015-02-02)
Cholesterol is essential to human health, and its levels are tightly regulated by a balance of synthesis, uptake, and efflux. Cholesterol synthesis requires the actions of more than twenty enzymes to reach the final product, through two alternate pathways. Here
Lionel Faure et al.
Phytochemistry, 110, 58-71 (2014-12-11)
Alkamides and N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are bioactive, amide-linked lipids that influence plant development. Alkamides are restricted to several families of higher plants and some fungi, whereas NAEs are widespread signaling molecules in both plants and animals. Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)
Greg M Kowalski et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 463(4), 818-824 (2015-06-19)
Cardiac metabolism is thought to be altered in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Our understanding of the regulation of cardiac substrate metabolism and insulin sensitivity has largely been derived from ex vivo preparations which are not subject to the
Sun Jin Hur et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 254-260 (2014-07-24)
In this study, beef patties were encapsulated with 3% chitosan, pectin, onion powder, or green tea powder and the beef patties were then passed through an in vitro human digestion model. The total lipid digestibility was lowest (p<0.05) in beef
Xiongbo Xu et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 128, 138-146 (2015-05-26)
A water-soluble glucan, BCG-PASW, with a molecular weight of 2.10×10(4)Da, was separated from polysaccharide nucleic acid fraction of Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG-PSN) using DEAE-52 cellulose and Sephadex G-200 chromatography. Based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra
T Rodríguez-Cabo et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1410, 129-139 (2015-08-09)
Liquid chromatography (LC) combined with accurate mass spectrometry (MS), based on the use of a hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight (TOF) MS system, is employed to systematically investigate the photo-transformation routes of trans-resveratrol. Experiments were performed in quartz tubes, containing ethanolic solutions
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