Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 1369 results for "


" within Papers
Ming Chen et al.
eLife, 6 (2017-01-06)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is enriched at the synapse, but its synaptic function is still poorly understood. We previously showed that GABAergic short-term plasticity is impaired in
Aleksandar Ivovic et al.
Diabetologia, 60(10), 2021-2032 (2017-07-21)
We have previously shown that oxidative stress plays a causal role in beta cell dysfunction induced by fat. Here, we address whether the proinflammatory kinase inhibitor of (nuclear factor) κB kinase β (IKKβ), which is activated by oxidative stress, is
Salil K Sukumaran et al.
Molecular genetics and genomics : MGG, 292(2), 365-383 (2016-12-23)
Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is characterized by a substantial reduction in brain size but with normal architecture. It is often linked to mutations in genes coding for centrosomal proteins; however, their role in brain size regulation is not completely
Tatiana Dorfman et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 226(3), 135-143 (2015-08-25)
The Wnt/β-catenin signaling cascade is implicated in the control of stem cell activity, cell proliferation, and cell survival of the gastrointestinal epithelium. Recent evidence indicates that the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is activated under diabetic conditions. The purpose of this study was
Emily Bowie et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-01-15)
Primary cilia are vital signaling organelles that extend from most types of cells, including neurons and glia. These structures are essential for development of many tissues and organs; however, their function in adult tissues, particularly neurons in the brain, remains
Sander G Basten et al.
PLoS genetics, 9(4), e1003384-e1003384 (2013-04-20)
Seminoma is a subclass of human testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), the most frequently observed cancer in young men with a rising incidence. Here we describe the identification of a novel gene predisposing specifically to seminoma formation in a vertebrate
Justin Joachim et al.
Current biology : CB, 27(14), 2123-2136 (2017-07-18)
Autophagy maintains cellular health and homeostasis during stress by delivering cytosolic material captured by autophagosomes to lysosomes for degradation. Autophagosome formation is complex: initiated by the recruitment of autophagy (Atg) proteins to the formation site, it is sustained by activation
Eduarda Dráberová et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 31(5), 1828-1846 (2017-01-26)
γ-Tubulins are highly conserved members of the tubulin superfamily essential for microtubule nucleation. Humans possess 2 γ-tubulin genes. It is thought that γ-tubulin-1 represents a ubiquitous isotype, whereas γ-tubulin-2 is found predominantly in the brain, where it may be endowed
Yin Xu et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118(27) (2021-07-01)
The autophagy-lysosomal pathway plays a critical role in intracellular clearance and metabolic homeostasis. While neuronal autophagy is known to participate in the degradation of neurofibrillary tangles composed of hyperphosphorylated and misfolded tau protein in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies, how
Kazuya Takayama et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 8278-8278 (2018-05-31)
In animal regeneration, control of position-dependent cell proliferation is crucial for the complete restoration of patterned appendages in terms of both, shape and size. However, detailed mechanisms of this process are largely unknown. In this study, we identified leucine/glutamine and
Marianna Trakala et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 12(7), 1030-1041 (2013-02-23)
Aurora kinase B is a critical component of the chromosomal passenger complex, which is involved in the regulation of microtubule-kinetochore attachments and cytokinesis. By using conditional knockout cells and chemical inhibition, we show here that inactivation of Aurora B results
Jeremy N Pulvers et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(38), 16595-16600 (2010-09-09)
Mutations in ASPM (abnormal spindle-like microcephaly associated) cause primary microcephaly in humans, a disorder characterized by a major reduction in brain size in the apparent absence of nonneurological anomalies. The function of the Aspm protein in neural progenitor cell expansion
Nicolas F Berbari et al.
Cytoskeleton (Hoboken, N.J.), 70(1), 24-31 (2012-11-06)
Disruption of the primary cilium is associated with a growing number of human diseases collectively termed ciliopathies. Ciliopathies present with a broad range of clinical features consistent with the near ubiquitous nature of the organelle and its role in diverse
Huai-Bin Hu et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 662-662 (2021-01-30)
Dynamic assembly and disassembly of primary cilia controls embryonic development and tissue homeostasis. Dysregulation of ciliogenesis causes human developmental diseases termed ciliopathies. Cell-intrinsic regulatory mechanisms of cilia disassembly have been well-studied. The extracellular cues controlling cilia disassembly remain elusive, however.
Peter Meinke et al.
PLoS genetics, 10(9), e1004605-e1004605 (2014-09-12)
Proteins of the nuclear envelope (NE) are associated with a range of inherited disorders, most commonly involving muscular dystrophy and cardiomyopathy, as exemplified by Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). EDMD is both genetically and phenotypically variable, and some evidence of modifier
Dong Kong et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 206(7), 855-865 (2014-09-24)
Newly formed centrioles in cycling cells undergo a maturation process that is almost two cell cycles long before they become competent to function as microtubule-organizing centers and basal bodies. As a result, each cell contains three generations of centrioles, only
Ludovic Martin et al.
Bone research, 10(1), 8-8 (2022-01-27)
A gain-of-function mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene (FGFR3) results in achondroplasia (ACH), the most frequent form of dwarfism. Constitutive activation of FGFR3 impairs bone formation and elongation and many signal transduction pathways. Identification of new and
Anuradha Kumari et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 170, 113663-113663 (2019-10-14)
Combretastatin A4 and its analogs are undergoing various clinical trials for the treatment of different cancers. This study illustrated the molecular mechanism and antitumor activity of C12, (5-Quinolin-3-yl and 4-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl) substituted imidazol-2-amine), a synthetic analog of CA-4. C12 reduced the
Djamila Ouaret et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 13(17), 2697-2706 (2014-12-09)
Enzastaurin is a selective inhibitor of protein kinase C β and a potent inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis. In addition, enzastaurin shows direct cytotoxic activity toward a subset of tumor cells including colorectal cancer cells (CRC). In spite of promising results
Hsiao-Hui Kuo et al.
Cell division, 16(1), 8-8 (2021-12-20)
Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) is the master regulator of the heat shock response and supports malignant cell transformation. Recent work has shown that HSF1 can access the promoters of heat shock proteins (HSPs) and allow HSP expression during mitosis.
C O Rosario et al.
Oncogene, 34(26), 3441-3451 (2014-09-02)
Polo family kinase 4 (Plk4) is required for mitotic progression, and is haploinsufficient for tumor suppression and timely hepatocyte polarization in regenerating liver. At the same time, recent evidence suggests that Plk4 expression may have a role in clinical cancer
Xin Yan et al.
Molecular metabolism, 8, 180-188 (2017-12-09)
Obesity is strongly linked to genes regulating neuronal signaling and function, implicating the central nervous system in the maintenance of body weight and energy metabolism. Genome-wide association studies identified significant associations between body mass index (BMI) and multiple loci near
Visnja Jakopec et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 32(16), 3308-3320 (2012-06-20)
Chromosome segregation is powered by the kinetochore, a large macromolecular structure assembled on centromeric chromatin. Attachment of sister chromatids to microtubules is mediated by the highly conserved tripartite KMN (acronym for KNL-1-Mis12-Ndc80) kinetochore network. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Anna-Lena Ström et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 283(33), 22795-22805 (2008-06-03)
An important consequence of protein misfolding related to neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), is the formation of proteinaceous inclusions or aggregates within the central nervous system. We have previously shown that several familial ALS-linked copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1)
Daniel H Lackner et al.
PloS one, 6(6), e21407-e21407 (2011-07-16)
Telomeres are nucleoprotein complexes which protect the ends of linear chromosomes from detection as DNA damage and provide a sequence buffer against replication-associated shortening. In mammals, telomeres consist of repetitive DNA sequence (TTAGGG) and associated proteins. The telomeric core complex
Hideki Izumi et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 2236-2236 (2019-02-21)
CD133 is a transmembranous protein that mainly localises to the plasma membrane in haematopoietic and neural stem cells as well as cancer stem cells. Although CD133 also localises to the cytoplasm, the mechanism of action and function of cytoplasmic CD133
María P Sánchez-Cañete et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 53(4), 1305-1313 (2009-02-04)
Miltefosine (hexadecylphosphocholine, MLF) is the first oral drug with recognized efficacy against both visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis. However, some clinical studies have suggested that MLF shows significantly less efficiency against the cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis. In this work
I A Ivanova et al.
Oncogene, 25(3), 430-437 (2005-08-24)
E2F transcription factors regulate proliferation, differentiation, DNA repair and apoptosis. Tight E2F regulation is crucial for epidermal formation and regeneration. However, virtually nothing is known about the molecular events modulating E2F during epidermal keratinocyte differentiation. Elucidation of these events is
Yuji Shi et al.
Nature structural & molecular biology, 21(6), 522-527 (2014-05-13)
The biological function of the PTEN tumor suppressor is mainly attributed to its lipid phosphatase activity. This study demonstrates that mammalian PTEN is a protein tyrosine phosphatase that selectively dephosphorylates insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS1), a mediator of insulin and IGF
Zi-Yun Yi et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 235(7-8), 5541-5554 (2020-01-28)
Cell division cycle protein, CDC6, is essential for the initiation of DNA replication. CDC6 was recently shown to inhibit the microtubule-organizing activity of the centrosome. Here, we show that CDC6 is localized to the spindle from pro-metaphase I (MI) to
Page 1 of 46
Page 1 of 46