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Michael S Young et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(6), 1737-1741 (2015-01-30)
An SPE-based cleanup protocol was developed for ultra-performance LC (UPLC)/MS/MS determination of residues of the common aminoglycoside antibiotics streptomycin, dihydrostreptomycin, neomycin, and gentamicin in bovine milk, kidney, and muscle. Recoveries for all compounds except neomycin ranged from 80 to 104%...
Songsong Zhu et al.
Cell transplantation, 23(6), 715-727 (2014-04-26)
In cartilage tissue engineering using stem cells, it is important to stimulate proliferation and control the differentiation of stem cells to specific lineages. Here we reported a combined technique for articular cartilage repair, consisting of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells...
Phanuel Saroni Arwa et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 174, 410-418 (2015-09-01)
Garcinia brasiliensis, a plant native to the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest, is used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation of the urinary tract, peptic ulcers, arthritis and other conditions. The purposes of this study were to analyze the chemical constituents of...
J Efraim Oosterink et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 998-999, 106-113 (2015-07-22)
Methionine, homocysteine, vitamins B6, B12, B9, and their metabolites are crucial co-factors and substrates for many basic biological pathways including one-carbon metabolism, and they are particularly important for brain function and development and epigenetic mechanisms. These are essential nutrients that...
Fakhrozaman Pezeshkpoor et al.
Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD, 11(11), e66-e69 (2012-11-09)
Common warts caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) are considered to be the most common infectious skin disease. No individual treatment for common warts is effective as monotherapy in eradicating the lesions. The aim of this study is to evaluate...
Yu-Cheng Ho et al.
The Journal of physiology, 593(13), 2955-2973 (2015-04-14)
Long-lasting neuropathic pain has been attributed to elevated neuronal plasticity changes in spinal, peripheral and cortical levels. Here, we found that reduced neuronal plasticity in the ventrolateral periaqueductal grey (vlPAG), a midbrain region important for initiating descending pain inhibition, may...
Ting Peng et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 35(7), 916-928 (2014-05-27)
7,8-Dihydroxy-4-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-2H-chromen-2-one (DW532) is one of simplified analogues of hematoxylin that has shown broad-spectrum inhibition on tyrosine kinases and in vitro anti-cancer activities. The aim of this study was to identify DW532 as a agent targeting both kinases and tubulin, and...
Fei Xu et al.
FEMS microbiology letters, 358(1), 98-105 (2014-07-24)
This study investigated inactivation of bacteria with ultraviolet light A irradiation in combination with vitamin K3 as a photosensitizer. Six bacteria including Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Escherichia coli suspended in vitamin K3 aqueous...
Rongfang Liu et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 95(4), 290-300 (2015-04-22)
The adenosine receptor subfamily includes four subtypes: the A1, A2A, A2B and A3 receptors, which all belong to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The adenosine A2B receptor is the least investigated of the adenosine receptors, and the molecular...
Amira Zayed et al.
The Journal of dermatological treatment, 25(3), 223-225 (2012-04-13)
Despite several therapeutic modalities, acanthosis nigricans (AN) remains a difficult dermatosis to treat. This study aims to test the safety and efficacy of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) as a chemical peel in the treatment of AN in a random sample of...
Divyabharathi Chepyala et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 980, 48-54 (2015-01-16)
Recently, colistin has become one of the most important drugs for treating infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Therapeutic drug monitoring is recommended to ensure the safety and efficacy of colistin and to improve clinical outcomes. This study developed an...
Poonam Goswami et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 40(1), 122-139 (2015-06-27)
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of rotenone on astrocytes activation, their viability and its effect on neuronal death in different brain regions. Rotenone was injected in rat brain by intracerebroventricularly (bilateral) route at dose of 6...
Jiun-Nong Lin et al.
Zebrafish, 12(4), 271-280 (2015-04-30)
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) continues to be a major cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality worldwide. To date, no zebrafish animal model has demonstrated the characteristic manifestations of ALD in the setting of chronic alcohol exposure. The aim of this...
Jie Zhang et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107478-e107478 (2014-09-13)
To interrogate why redox homeostasis and glutathione S-transferase P (GSTP) are important in regulating bone marrow cell proliferation and migration, we isolated crude bone marrow, lineage negative and bone marrow derived-dendritic cells (BMDDCs) from both wild type (WT) and knockout...
Joan Eilstein et al.
Archives of toxicology, 88(9), 1681-1694 (2014-03-25)
Skin function is not limited to a physical barrier. According to its total surface area, it is also considered as an extra-hepatic metabolizing organ. In vitro engineered human skins have been developed to replace limited ex vivo normal human skin...
Anja Konzack et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 23(14), 1059-1075 (2015-10-01)
One of the cancer hallmarks is mitochondrial dysfunction associated with oxidative stress. Among the first line of defense against oxidative stress is the dismutation of superoxide radicals, which in the mitochondria is carried out by manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD). Accordingly...
Rúbia Carvalho Gomes Corrêa et al.
Food & function, 6(7), 2155-2164 (2015-06-13)
Pleurotus ostreatoroseus is a Brazilian edible mushroom whose chemical characterization and bioactivity still remain underexplored. In this study, the hydrophilic and lipophilic compounds as well as the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of formulations (ethanol extracts) prepared with its fruiting...
Sung Lyea Park et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0142153-e0142153 (2015-11-07)
Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is a lymphocyte chemoattractant factor well known for its role in immune responses, but its role in vascular disease is unknown. Here, we explored the novel physiological function of IL-16 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The expression...
Narcy Arizmendi et al.
Respiratory research, 15, 71-71 (2014-06-28)
Pulmonary fibrotic diseases induce significant morbidity and mortality, for which there are limited therapeutic options available. Rac2, a ras-related guanosine triphosphatase expressed mainly in hematopoietic cells, is a crucial molecule regulating a diversity of mast cell, macrophage, and neutrophil functions....
Valentino Ruggieri et al.
BMC plant biology, 14, 337-337 (2014-12-04)
Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have been recently used to dissect complex quantitative traits and identify candidate genes affecting phenotype variation of polygenic traits. In order to map loci controlling variation in tomato marketable and nutritional fruit traits, we used...
Ho-Chou Tu et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(4), 1093-1098 (2009-01-16)
Three forms of cell death have been described: apoptosis, autophagic cell death, and necrosis. Although genetic and biochemical studies have formulated a detailed blueprint concerning the apoptotic network, necrosis is generally perceived as a passive cellular demise resulted from unmanageable...
Vinodkumar B Pillai et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6656-6656 (2015-04-15)
Honokiol (HKL) is a natural biphenolic compound derived from the bark of magnolia trees with anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-tumour and neuroprotective properties. Here we show that HKL blocks agonist-induced and pressure overload-mediated, cardiac hypertrophic responses, and ameliorates pre-existing cardiac hypertrophy, in...
Trichloroacetic acid.
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, 63, 291-314 (1995-01-01)
Samuel Okwudili Onoja et al.
Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology, 26(5), 465-470 (2015-04-29)
Daniella oliveri is a deciduous plant that is commonly found in savanna and open grassland. Various parts of the plant is used by herbalist in the management of different ailments. The present study aims at investigating the hepatoprotective and antioxidant...
Yu Young Lee et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(4), 819-827 (2014-12-06)
Tocopherols are crucial lipid-soluble antioxidants and essential nutrients. There is increasing interest in the biofortification of crops with vitamin E for reducing micronutrient malnutrition. However, relatively little is known about the development of soybean cultivars with high levels of tocopherol...
C Harkin et al.
Journal of applied microbiology, 118(4), 954-965 (2015-02-04)
To isolate bacteria from soil for microbial pretreatment of brown crab (Cancer pagurus) shell waste and the production of chitin. Isolates were screened for protease enzymes and acid production in order to facilitate the removal of protein and calcium carbonate...
Seoungwoo Shin et al.
Nutrients, 7(11), 9337-9352 (2015-11-17)
The accumulation of free radicals and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in the skin plays a very important role in skin aging. Both are known to interact with each other. Therefore, natural compounds or extracts that possess both antioxidant and...
Federica Ciregia et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 11(6), 1696-1707 (2015-04-29)
Prolonged exposure to palmitate impairs insulin secretion and leads to beta-cell death. Some evidence suggests that palmitate could induce these effects through defects in mitochondrial function. However, the mechanisms of lipotoxicity are not well understood. In particular, little is known...
Saeed Habibollahi et al.
Journal of chromatographic science, 53(5), 655-661 (2014-11-25)
Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been developed for preconcentration and determination of tramadol, ((±)-cis-2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexanol-HCl), in aqueous and biological samples (urine, blood). DLLME is a simple, rapid and efficient method for determination of drugs in...
Sabzar Ahmad Dar et al.
Chemosphere, 120, 273-283 (2014-08-17)
Over the past few decades, endosulfan, one of the polychlorinated pesticides still in use, has received considerable attention of a number of international regulations and restriction action plans worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate the cytogenetic effects of endosulfan using...
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