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V800220

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Eef Boets et al.
Nutrients, 7(11), 8916-8929 (2015-11-01)
Short chain fatty acids (SCFA), including acetate, propionate, and butyrate, are produced during bacterial fermentation of undigested carbohydrates in the human colon. In this study, we applied a stable-isotope dilution method to quantify the in vivo colonic production of SCFA...
Vicente Ferreira et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1407, 30-41 (2015-07-15)
SPME is extremely sensitive to experimental parameters affecting liquid-gas and gas-solid distribution coefficients. Our aims were to measure the weights of these factors and to design a multivariate strategy based on the addition of a pool of internal standards, to...
Kelly Michel et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(20), 7850-7865 (2015-05-23)
Successful myelin repair in the adult CNS requires the robust and timely production of myelin proteins to generate new myelin sheaths. The underlying regulatory mechanisms and complex molecular basis of myelin regeneration, however, remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate the...
Enbo Xu et al.
Journal of food science, 80(7), C1476-C1489 (2015-06-20)
Enzymatic extrusion, instead of traditional steam cooking, to treat rice is an efficient and alternative pretreatment for Chinese rice wine fermentation. In order to determine the formation of volatiles in enzymatic extrusion-processed rice wine (EE), and to confirm its characteristic...
Balananda-Dhurjati Kumar Putcha et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0129216-e0129216 (2015-06-13)
For the rabphillin-3A-like (RPH3AL) gene, a putative tumor suppressor, the clinical significance of genetic alterations in breast cancers was evaluated. DNA and RNA were extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) cancers and matching normal tissues. DNA samples were assessed for loss...
Frédéric Ravyts et al.
Food microbiology, 27(7), 945-954 (2010-08-07)
Differences in the production of bacterial metabolites with potential impact on fermented sausage flavour were found in meat simulation medium when comparing different strains of Staphylococcus xylosus and Staphylococcus carnosus as starter cultures. Overall, higher levels of 3-methyl-1-butanol and acetoin...
Gökhan Dalgin et al.
Developmental biology, 402(1), 81-97 (2015-03-24)
During development a network of transcription factors functions to differentiate foregut cells into pancreatic endocrine cells. Differentiation of appropriate numbers of each hormone-expressing endocrine cell type is essential for the normal development of the pancreas and ultimately for effective maintenance...
G De Palma et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7735-7735 (2015-07-29)
Early-life stress is a determinant of vulnerability to a variety of disorders that include dysfunction of the brain and gut. Here we exploit a model of early-life stress, maternal separation (MS) in mice, to investigate the role of the intestinal...
Emiley A Eloe-Fadrosh et al.
mBio, 6(2) (2015-04-16)
A mechanistic understanding of the purported health benefits conferred by consumption of probiotic bacteria has been limited by our knowledge of the resident gut microbiota and its interaction with the host. Here, we detail the impact of a single-organism probiotic...
Cindy M Anderson et al.
Biological research for nursing, 16(4), 409-420 (2013-10-30)
Preeclampsia contributes significantly to pregnancy-associated morbidity and mortality as well as future risk of cardiovascular disease in mother and offspring, and preeclampsia in offspring. The lack of reliable methods for early detection limits the opportunities for prevention, diagnosis, and timely...
Cong Li et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(3), 1739-1745 (2014-11-07)
This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of a Huaier polysaccharide (TP-1) on the tumor growth and immune function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) H22-based mouse in vivo. Results showed that TP-1 was capable of repressing transplanted H22 solid...
Michael Preisitsch et al.
The Journal of antibiotics, 68(3), 165-177 (2014-09-04)
The methanol extract of the Vietnamese freshwater cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. CAVN2 exhibited cytotoxic effects against MCF-7 and 5637 cancer cell lines as well as against nontumorigenic FL and HaCaT cells and was active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Streptococcus...
Swapna Aravind Gudipaty et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 35(22), 3810-3828 (2015-09-02)
Transcription elongation programs are vital for the precise regulation of several biological processes. One key regulator of such programs is the P-TEFb kinase, which phosphorylates RNA polymerase II (Pol II) once released from the inhibitory 7SK small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP)...
Indu Warrier et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e100147-e100147 (2014-06-21)
Coxiella burnetii, an obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen that causes Q fever, undergoes a biphasic developmental cycle that alternates between a metabolically-active large cell variant (LCV) and a dormant small cell variant (SCV). As such, the bacterium undoubtedly employs complex modes...
Jane I Khudyakov et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 64-64 (2015-03-12)
The northern elephant seal, Mirounga angustirostris, is a valuable animal model of fasting adaptation and hypoxic stress tolerance. However, no reference sequence is currently available for this and many other marine mammal study systems, hindering molecular understanding of marine adaptations...
Fabienne Marcelli et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e100096-e100096 (2014-06-20)
HMX1 is a homeobox-containing transcription factor implicated in eye development and responsible for the oculo-auricular syndrome of Schorderet-Munier-Franceschetti. HMX1 is composed of two exons with three conserved domains in exon 2, a homeobox and two domains called SD1 and SD2....
Milton Yutaka Nishiyama et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107351-e107351 (2014-09-16)
Sugarcane is a major crop used for food and bioenergy production. Modern cultivars are hybrids derived from crosses between Saccharum officinarum and Saccharum spontaneum. Hybrid cultivars combine favorable characteristics from ancestral species and contain a genome that is highly polyploid...
Sara Vitalini et al.
Phytochemistry, 72(11-12), 1371-1378 (2011-05-27)
The vacuolar and epicuticular flavonoids and the volatiles of the leaves and parts of flower of P. spectabilis Tratt., an endemic species in the Italian Oriental Alps, were investigated. From a MeOH extract of the leaves two flavone glycosides, 8-C-β-glucopyranosylluteolin...
Loes P M Duivenvoorde et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 467(6), 1179-1193 (2014-07-01)
Challenge tests stress homeostasis and may reveal deviations in health that remain masked under unchallenged conditions. Ideally, challenge tests are non-invasive and applicable in an early phase of an animal experiment. Oxygen restriction (OxR; based on ambient, mild normobaric hypoxia)...
José P Vaqué et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0119946-e0119946 (2015-03-17)
We have performed a comparative ultrasequencing study of multiple colorectal lesions obtained simultaneously from four patients. Our data show that benign lesions (adenomatous or hyperplastic polyps) contain a high mutational load. Additionally multiple synchronous colorectal lesions show non overlapping mutational...
Yaoguo Li et al.
Fish & shellfish immunology, 45(2), 912-918 (2015-06-21)
Galectin is one important member of pattern recognition proteins that plays a pivotal role in regulating innate immune response of invertebrates. In this study, we cloned the promoter sequence of a tandem-repeat galectin from the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata (P....
Keerti Potluri et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 486, 17-23 (2015-07-02)
As new technologies come within reach for the average cytogenetic laboratory, the study of chromosome structure has become increasingly more sophisticated. Resolution has improved from karyotyping (in which whole chromosomes are discernible) to fluorescence in situ hybridization and comparative genomic...
Amanda L Hughes et al.
G3 (Bethesda, Md.), 5(9), 1889-1897 (2015-07-16)
Packaging of genomic DNA into nucleosomes is nearly universally conserved in eukaryotes, and many features of the nucleosome landscape are quite conserved. Nonetheless, quantitative aspects of nucleosome packaging differ between species because, for example, the average length of linker DNA...
Young-Ran Song et al.
Food microbiology, 51, 171-178 (2015-07-19)
This study deals with understanding the effects of salt reduction on both the physicochemical and microbiological properties of soy sauce fermentation and also the application of indigenous yeast starters to compensate for undesirable changes occurring in salt-reduced processes. Fermentation was...
Anne Benard et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 19(12), 1769-1778 (2014-10-09)
The apoptosis pathway of programmed cell death is frequently deregulated in cancer. An intact apoptosis pathway is required for proper response to anti-cancer treatment. We investigated the chromatin status of key apoptosis genes in the apoptosis pathway in colorectal cancer...
Julia Walochnik et al.
The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 62(1), 3-11 (2014-07-23)
Acanthamoebae are the causative agents of an often seriously progressing keratitis (AK) occurring predominantly in contact lens wearers and can cause several disseminating infections potentially resulting in granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) in the immunocompromised host. Our institution is the Austrian...
Ewa Wunsch et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 60(3), 931-940 (2014-02-13)
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is no longer recommended for management of adult patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). We undertook a prospective evaluation of UDCA withdrawal in a group of consecutive patients with PSC. Twenty six patients, all treated with UDCA...
Olatz Albaina et al.
Journal of medical microbiology, 64(Pt 2), 147-156 (2014-12-07)
Candida dubliniensis is a pathogenic yeast of the genus Candida closely related to Candida albicans. The phenotypic similarity of these two species often leads to misidentification of C. dubliniensis isolates in clinical samples. DNA-based methods continue to be the most...
Ageliki Tsagaratou et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(32), E3306-E3315 (2014-07-30)
The discovery of Ten Eleven Translocation proteins, enzymes that oxidize 5-methylcytosine (5mC) in DNA, has revealed novel mechanisms for the regulation of DNA methylation. We have mapped 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) at different stages of T-cell development in the thymus and T-cell...
Leonardo Joaquim van Zyl et al.
Archives of virology, 160(9), 2269-2282 (2015-07-01)
The study of extremophilic phages may reveal new phage families as well as different mechanisms of infection, propagation and lysis to those found in phages from temperate environments. We describe a novel siphovirus, GVE3, which infects the thermophile Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius....
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