Showing 1-30 of 75 results for "W250716"
Muthukumaran Jayachandran et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 398(1-2), 39-53 (2014-09-15)
Hyperlipidemia is a major, modifiable risk factor for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we have focused on the effect of different doses of geraniol (GOH) on the lipid profile and lipid metabolizing enzymes in atherogenic diet (AD)...
T-H Huang et al.
Medical and veterinary entomology, 29(3), 238-244 (2015-04-02)
To assess the efficacy of new insect repellents, an efficient and safe in vitro bioassay system using a multiple-membrane blood-feeding device and a cocktail meal was developed. The multiple-membrane blood-feeding device facilitates the identification of new insect repellents by the...
G A Camelo-Méndez et al.
Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 68(3), 229-234 (2013-05-30)
Anthocyanins are a group of water-soluble pigments that provide red, purple or blue color to the leaves, flowers, and fruits. In addition, benefits have been attributed to hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. This study compared the content of total anthocyanins and...
Alexandra Veyrac et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(19), 7575-7586 (2015-05-15)
In search for the mechanisms underlying complex forms of human memory, such as episodic recollection, a primary challenge is to develop adequate animal models amenable to neurobiological investigation. Here, we proposed a novel framework and paradigm that provides means to...
Karamkolly R Rekha et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 440(4), 664-670 (2013-10-10)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by progressive loss of dopamine (DA) neurons in the nigrostriatal system and by the presence of Lewy bodies (LB), proteinaceous inclusions mainly composed of filamentous α-synuclein (α-Syn) aggregates. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was adopted to generate PD...
Mohamed Nadjib Boukhatem et al.
The Libyan journal of medicine, 8, 22520-22520 (2013-10-10)
Since the available anti-inflammatory drugs exert an extensive variety of side effects, the search for new anti-inflammatory agents has been a priority of pharmaceutical industries. The aim of the present study was to assess the anti-inflammatory activities of the essential...
Pankaj K Sharma et al.
Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, 203-204, 63-73 (2013-02-19)
Plants synthesize volatile alcohol esters on environmental insult or as metabolic induction during flower/fruit development. However, essential oil plants constitutively produce them as the oil constituents. Their synthesis is catalyzed by BAHD family enzymes called alcohol acyltransferases (AATs). However, no...
Maizom Hassan et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 76(8), 1463-1470 (2012-08-11)
NADP(+)-dependent geraniol dehydrogenase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of geraniol to geranial. Stable, highly active cell-free extract was obtained from Polygonum minus leaves using polyvinylpolypyrrolidone, Amberlite XAD-4, glycerol, 2-mercaptoethanol, thiourea, and phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride in tricine-NaOH buffer (pH...
Bertrand Fouks et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 216(Pt 2), 285-291 (2012-10-06)
Foraging is a result of innate and acquired mechanisms, and is optimized in order to increase fitness. During foraging, an animal faces many threats, such as predation and infection. The uptake of parasites and diseases while foraging is common and...
Derek R Artz et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135688-e0135688 (2015-08-15)
There is a growing body of empirical evidence showing that wild and managed bees are negatively impacted by various pesticides that are applied in agroecosystems around the world. The lethal and sublethal effects of two widely used fungicides and one...
D Zamora et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 52(4), 719-721 (2015-09-04)
The kissing bugs--Triatoma rubida (Uhler), Triatoma protracta (Uhler), and Triatoma recurva (Stal)--are common hematophagous bugs in southeastern Arizona and responsible for severe allergic reactions in some individuals who are bitten. They also possess the potential to transmit the blood parasite...
Lina Hagvall et al.
Contact dermatitis, 67(1), 20-27 (2012-06-12)
The fragrance terpene geraniol forms sensitizing compounds via autoxidation and skin metabolism. Geranial and neral, the two isomers of citral, are the major haptens formed in both of these activation pathways. To investigate whether testing with oxidized geraniol detects more...
Amélie Slegers et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(6), 10980-11016 (2015-06-18)
Developed from crosses between Vitis vinifera and North American Vitis species, interspecific hybrid grape varieties are becoming economically significant in northern areas, where they are now extensively grown for wine production. However, the varietal differences between interspecific hybrids are not...
Disnelys Báez et al.
Natural product communications, 7(1), 101-102 (2012-03-21)
The headspace volatile compounds of the flowers of Plumeria tuberculata Lodd. were analyzed by solid phase microextraction coupled with capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Twenty-five compounds were identified, representing 100% of the total composition. The volatile fraction was characterized by oxygenated...
San Zeng et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(8), 2548-2558 (2015-02-13)
Citral is composed of a random mixture of two geometric stereoisomers geranial (trans-citral) and neral (cis-citral) yet few studies have directly compared their in vivo antitumor properties. A micelle formulation was therefore developed. Geranial and neral were synthesized. Commercially-purchased citral...
Karamkolly R Rekha et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 217, 57-66 (2014-04-29)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common disabling movement disorder owing to progressive depletion of dopamine in nigrostriatal region, and can be experimentally accelerated by the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). MPTP-treated mice are a representative animal model for searching...
Martin Holm Rau et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 1051-1051 (2015-12-15)
Bacterial small RNAs (sRNAs) are recognized as posttranscriptional regulators involved in the control of bacterial lifestyle and adaptation to stressful conditions. Although chemical stress due to the toxicity of precursor and product compounds is frequently encountered in microbial bioprocessing applications...
Naoko Sato-Masumoto et al.
Phytochemistry, 104, 12-20 (2014-05-28)
Studies on the biosynthesis of oil compounds in Perilla will help in understanding regulatory systems of secondary metabolites and in elucidating reaction mechanisms for natural product synthesis. In this study, two types of alcohol dehydrogenases, an aldo-keto reductase (AKR) and...
Thirapit Subongkot et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 4581-4592 (2015-08-01)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ultradeformable liposome components, Tween 20 and terpenes, on vesicle fluidity. The fluidity was evaluated by electron spin resonance spectroscopy using 5-doxyl stearic acid and 16-doxyl stearic acid as spin...
Damien Steyer et al.
Food microbiology, 33(2), 228-234 (2012-12-04)
Geraniol produced by grape is the main precursor of terpenols which play a key role in the floral aroma of white wines. We investigated the fate of geraniol during wine fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The volatile compounds produced during fermentation...
Emilie Deletre et al.
Parasites & vectors, 8, 316-316 (2015-06-13)
Laboratory and field studies showed that repellent, irritant and toxic actions of common public health insecticides reduce human-vector contact and thereby interrupt disease transmission. One of the more effective strategies to reduce disease risk involves the use of long-lasting treated...
Characteristic flavor of Kamho-shochu (sweet potato spirit).
Ohta T, et al.
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 54(6), 1353-1357 (1990)
Yukihiro Yamamoto et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 18(14), 4044-4046 (2008-06-17)
In order to prepare functional phospholipids in the medical and pharmaceutical fields, perillyl alcohol, myrtenol, and nerol were transphosphatidylated via phospholipase D in an aqueous system. The yields of phosphatidyl-perillyl alcohol, -myrtenol, and -nerol were 79 mol %, 87 mol...
Michael Linnen et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 37(10), 2121-2129 (2014-05-02)
CelTherm is a biochemical process to produce renewable fuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. The present study's objective was to determine the level of treatment/purity of the microbial triacylglyceride oil (TAG) necessary to facilitate fuel production. After a unique microbe...
Seung Hwan Lee et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 74, 554-561 (2015-07-21)
Various attempts have been made to mimic the human olfactory system using human olfactory receptors (hORs). In particular, OR-expressed cell-based odorant detection systems mimic the smell sensing mechanism of humans, as they exploit endogenous cellular signaling pathways. However, the majority...
Luca Narduzzi et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(30), 6823-6834 (2015-07-15)
We analyzed via untargeted UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS the metabolome of the berry tissues (skin, pulp, seeds) of some American Vitis species (Vitis cinerea, Vitis californica, Vitis arizonica), together with four interspecific hybrids, and seven Vitis vinifera cultivars, aiming to find differences in...
Christine Wittig et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131946-e0131946 (2015-07-15)
Geraniol exerts several direct pharmacological effects on tumor cells and, thus, has been suggested as a promising anti-cancer compound. Because vascularization is a major precondition for tumor growth, we analyzed in this study the anti-angiogenic action of geraniol. In vitro...
Gavin L Sacks et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 60(12), 2998-3004 (2012-03-09)
1,1,6-Trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene (TDN) is well-known to contribute "petrol" aromas to aged Riesling wines, but its prevalence and contribution to young Riesling or non-Riesling wines is not well understood. TDN concentrations were measured in 1-3-year-old varietal wines produced from Cabernet franc (n...
A Gallardo et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 49(2), 332-335 (2012-04-13)
The major components of geranium (Geranium maculatum L.) oil and their mixtures were tested against female Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae). Chemical analysis by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry revealed four major constituents: citronellol (38%), geraniol (16%)...
Peter J McNamara et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 53(5), 1898-1906 (2009-02-19)
Menstrual toxic shock syndrome is a rare but potentially life-threatening illness manifest through the actions of Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1). Previous studies have shown that tampon additives can influence staphylococcal TSST-1 production. We report here on...

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