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Dominique Talabot-Ayer et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(2), 750-760 (2014-12-17)
IL-33 is a cytokine of the IL-1 family, which signals through the ST2 receptor. Previous studies emphasized a role for IL-33 in shaping innate and adaptive immune responses. IL-33 was also reported to modulate myelopoiesis and myeloid cell activity. In...
Kyu-Yeon Han et al.
FEBS letters, 588(23), 4357-4363 (2014-10-05)
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C-induced down-regulation of VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-3 is important in lymphangiogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that VEGF-C, -D, and -C156S, but not VEGF-A, down-regulate VEGFR-3. VEGF-C stimulates VEGFR-3 tyrosyl phosphorylation and transient phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase...
Valentina Fodale et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e112262-e112262 (2014-12-03)
In Huntington's disease, expansion of a CAG triplet repeat occurs in exon 1 of the huntingtin gene (HTT), resulting in a protein bearing>35 polyglutamine residues whose N-terminal fragments display a high propensity to misfold and aggregate. Recent data demonstrate that...
Maria Bexten et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(1), 171-178 (2014-12-04)
The cationic, water-soluble quaternary trospium chloride (TC) is incompletely absorbed from the gut and undergoes wide distribution but does not pass the blood-brain barrier. It is secreted by the kidneys, liver, and intestine. To evaluate potential transport mechanisms for TC...
Shuji Sugiura et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 135(3), 776-785 (2014-10-15)
Human prolactin-induced protein (PIP) is a major protein found in exocrine fluids such as saliva and sweat. Intriguingly, PIP possesses residues (human PIP (hPIP): PIP (29-63)) that display similarity to the aspartic peptidase candidapepsin. Here, we aimed to determine the...
Kyu-Min Han et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 33(5), 1447-1455 (2015-02-03)
Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome is a developmental disorder caused by constitutively active ERK signaling manifesting mainly from BRAF mutations. Little is known about the role of elevated ERK signaling in CFC syndrome during early development. Here, we show that both SMAD1...
Ewa Augustin et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 36(3), 385-399 (2015-02-03)
FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase (FLT3) is expressed in some normal hematopoietic cell types and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we examined the effects of triazoloacridinone C-1305, an antitumor compound, on...
Do-Yoon Kim et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(5), 725-734 (2014-10-22)
Chrysanthemum boreale Makino (Compositae) (CBM) is a traditional medicine that has been used for the prevention or treatment of various disorders; it has various properties including antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and antitumor. The present study was designed to explore the in vitro...
Robert A Gelfand et al.
The journal of sexual medicine, 12(2), 313-327 (2014-12-17)
The success of medical therapies for Peyronie's disease (PD) has not been optimal, possibly because many of them went directly to clinical application without sufficient preclinical scientific research. Previous studies revealed cellular and molecular pathways involved in the formation of...
Dong-Jin Jang et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 68(8), 1117-1124 (2014-12-03)
To improve oral absorption and patient compliance when using amlodipine, novel coated dextrin microcapsules incorporable into orally disintegrating tablets (ODT's) were investigated. Amlodipine-loaded dextrin microcapsules (ADM) were prepared by spray-drying a mixture of amlodipine free base dissolved in ethanol and...
Sabine May et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(11), 3211-3224 (2014-05-24)
The aim of this study was to investigate influencing factors on the dissolution test for powders for pulmonary delivery with USP apparatus 2 (paddle apparatus). We investigated the influence of dose collection method, membrane holder type and the presence of...
Adhiraj Roy et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0121985-e0121985 (2015-03-31)
The transport of glucose across the plasma membrane is mediated by members of the glucose transporter family. In this study, we investigated glucose uptake through the yeast hexose transporter 1 (Hxt1) by measuring incorporation of 2-NBDG, a non-metabolizable, fluorescent glucose...
Isaac Dadzie et al.
Research in microbiology, 165(6), 439-446 (2014-05-27)
Bacterial cis-encoded antisense RNAs are transcribed from the opposite strand of protein coding genes, and their regulatory roles adapt cells to changing environmental conditions. By deep sequencing of the transcriptome of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, an antisense RNA that is...
Choong-Kun Lee et al.
American journal of cancer research, 5(1), 72-86 (2015-01-30)
We aimed to determine whether KRAS and BRAF mutant colorectal cancer (CRC) cells exhibit distinct sensitivities to the multi-target angiokinase inhibitor, TKI258 (dovitinib). We screened 10 CRC cell lines by using receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) array to identify activated RTKs....
Hui-Mei Wu et al.
Human pathology, 45(9), 1936-1943 (2014-08-02)
Gene associated with retinoid and interferon-induced mortality 1 (GRIM-1) acts as a tumor growth suppressor via apoptosis induction. However, GRIM-1 expression in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its potential interaction with another apoptosis-associated protein-glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78)-are as...
Xin Zhou et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115148-e115148 (2014-12-17)
We sought develop and characterize a diet-induced model of metabolic syndrome and its related diseases. The experimental animals (Spague-Dawley rats) were randomly divided into two groups, and each group was fed a different feed for 48 weeks as follows: 1)...
Longxiao Wei et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 65(4), 357-363 (2015-04-09)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a primary pathological change associated with cardiovascular diseases. Dysregulated microRNAs are frequent in cardiovascular diseases and contribute to cardiac hypertrophy by regulating a series of targeted genes. In this study, a rat model of cardiac hypertrophy was...
Kyuseok Kim et al.
The journal of trauma and acute care surgery, 78(2), 370-377 (2015-03-11)
The inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening during ischemia-reperfusion can ameliorate injuries. This study aimed to investigate the effects of cyclosporine A (CsA) in rats after hemorrhagic shock. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to pressure-controlled hemorrhagic shock (mean arterial...
Ruochuan Sun et al.
Molecular cancer, 13, 225-225 (2014-09-30)
Thrombospondins (THBSs) are a family of multidomain and secreted matricellular Ca(2+)-binding glycoproteins which has at least five members encoded by independent genes. As a THBSs family member, Thrombospondin2 (THBS2) has been reported to regulate angiogenesis. Nevertheless, the functions and clinical...
Qi Wu et al.
Marine drugs, 12(12), 6125-6141 (2014-12-23)
Astaxanthin (ATX) has been proven to ameliorate early brain injury (EBI) after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by modulating cerebral oxidative stress. This study was performed to assess the effect of ATX on the Nrf2-ARE pathway and to explore the underlying...
T Minashima et al.
Osteoarthritis and cartilage, 22(6), 852-861 (2014-04-22)
To determine the role of progressive ankylosis protein (ANK)/Myb-binding protein 1a (MYBBP1a) and sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) interactions in catabolic events of articular chondrocytes. ANK/MYBBP1a and SPHK1 interactions were identified using yeast two-hybrid screening and co-immunoprecipitation. To determine the role...
Shlomit Dachir et al.
Cutaneous and ocular toxicology, 33(4), 317-326 (2014-03-20)
Macrophages are known to have key functions in almost every stage of wound healing and there is evidence for their beneficial effects in treating decubital ulcers and deep sternal wound infections in human. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy...
Francisco J Rios et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 353(1), 27-34 (2015-01-27)
Hyperaldosteronism and hypertension were unexpected side effects observed in trials of torcetrapib, a cholesteryl ester-transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor that increases high-density lipoprotein. Given that CETP inhibitors are lipid soluble, accumulate in adipose tissue, and have binding sites for proteins involved...
Zishu Wang et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(4), 2578-2584 (2014-12-18)
G protein‑coupled receptor 137 (GPR137) is an integral membrane protein, which belongs to the GPR137 family of cell surface mediators of signal transduction. GPF137 was recently identified; however, its role in human disease onset has remained to be elucidated. GPR137...
Ignacio M Larrayoz et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(11), 7553-7561 (2014-11-02)
To understand the differential responses to doxycycline between Caucasian and Hispanic patients observed in a previous clinical trial. Primary cultures were established using pterygia excised from male Caucasian (n = 3) and Hispanic (n = 6) patients. The response of...
Jiying Liu et al.
FEBS letters, 588(23), 4497-4503 (2014-12-03)
Smad7 has a key role in apoptosis of mammalian ovarian granulosa cells (GCs), as it antagonizes and fine-tunes transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) signaling. This study demonstrates that miR-92a regulates GC apoptosis in pig ovaries by targeting Smad7 directly. The...
Karl J Erlandson et al.
Journal of virology, 88(19), 11576-11585 (2014-08-01)
Specific gene duplications can enable double-stranded DNA viruses to adapt rapidly to environmental pressures despite the low mutation rate of their high-fidelity DNA polymerases. We report on the rapid positive selection of a novel vaccinia virus genomic duplication mutant in...
Junhui Xing et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e116165-e116165 (2014-12-30)
SIRT1 is central to the lifespan and vascular health, but undergoes degradation that contributes to several medical conditions, including diabetes. How SIRT1 turnover is regulated remains unclear. However, emerging evidence suggests that endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) positively regulates SIRT1...
Sima Rahimian et al.
Biomaterials, 37, 469-477 (2014-12-03)
Particulate antigen delivery systems aimed at the induction of antigen-specific T cells form a promising approach in immunotherapy to replace pharmacokinetically unfavorable soluble antigen formulations. In this study, we developed a delivery system using the model protein antigen ovalbumin (OVA)...
Moritz J Strowitzki et al.
Clinical & experimental metastasis, 31(7), 795-803 (2014-07-24)
Liver failure after extended hepatectomy represents a major challenge in the surgery of hepatic colorectal metastasis. A previous study has indicated that inhibition of phosphodiesterase type 3 (PDE 3) stimulates liver regeneration. However, little is known whether PDE 3 inhibitors...
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