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Yutaka Kimura et al.
Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA, 28(5), 759-768 (2014-03-08)
We established a luciferase reporter assay system, the Multi-ImmunoTox Assay (MITA), to evaluate the effects on key predictivein vitro components of the human immune system. The system is composed of 3 stable reporter cell lines transfected with 3 luciferase genes
Shuxu Du et al.
Chinese medical journal, 127(21), 3695-3699 (2014-11-11)
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and chemotherapy can cause immune imbalance, and gaseous molecule hydrogen sulfide (H2S) can participate in the process of immune response. This study aimed to investigate the immune regulation of H2S in pediatric ALL. Children (n =
Changwei Zheng et al.
Molecular vision, 21, 403-411 (2015-04-18)
Our previous study demonstrated that an intraperitoneal injection of Diminazene Aceturate (DIZE) attenuated uveitis by activating ocular angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Here, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects on the ocular anterior segment of a topical administration of a DIZE solution
N H Waldron et al.
British journal of anaesthesia, 110(2), 191-200 (2012-12-12)
The analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of a single perioperative dose of dexamethasone are unclear. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the impact of a single i.v. dose of dexamethasone on postoperative pain and explore adverse events associated with
Carmen A Banuelos et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107991-e107991 (2014-10-01)
Androgen ablation therapy causes a temporary reduction in tumor burden in patients with advanced prostate cancer. Unfortunately the malignancy will return to form lethal castration-recurrent prostate cancer (CRPC). The androgen receptor (AR) remains transcriptionally active in CRPC in spite of
Daisuke Fujisawa et al.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 134(3), 622-633 (2014-06-24)
Wheal reactions to intradermally injected neuropeptides, such as substance P (SP) and vasoactive intestinal peptide, are significantly larger and longer lasting in patients with chronic urticaria (CU) than in nonatopic control (NC) subjects. Mas-related gene X2 (MrgX2) has been identified
Ya-Jie Xiao et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 74, 85-90 (2014-09-30)
Grapefruit juice (GFJ) inhibits intestinal CYP3A4 activity and it has been suggested that GFJ may also inhibit renal 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11β-HSD2), which converts cortisol to cortisone. This study examined the effect of GFJ on the urinary excretion of cortisol
Elizabeth E Sweeney et al.
Cancer research, 74(23), 7060-7068 (2014-10-12)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is widely used to manage menopausal symptoms in women and can be comprised of an estrogen alone or an estrogen combined with a progestin. The Women's Health Initiative demonstrated in their randomized trials that estrogen alone
Adam J Taylor et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 14, 70-83 (2014-12-20)
Cell-secreted matrices (CSMs), where extracellular matrix (ECM) deposited by monolayer cell cultures is decellularized, have been increasingly used to produce surfaces that may be reseeded with cells. Such surfaces are useful to help us understand cell-ECM interactions in a microenvironment
Simon Junankar et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6548-6548 (2015-03-31)
Basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) is a heterogeneous disease with poor prognosis; however, its cellular origins and aetiology are poorly understood. In this study, we show that inhibitor of differentiation 4 (ID4) is a key regulator of mammary stem cell self-renewal
Chuan-li Lu et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 122, 428-436 (2015-03-31)
The rhizomes of Smilax glabra have been used as both food and folk medicine in many countries for a long time. However, little research has been reported on polysaccharides of S. glabra. In the present study, two polysaccharide fractions, SGP-1
Noriko Itaba et al.
Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology, 44(14), E408-E419 (2014-03-19)
Human induced pluripotent stem (hiPS) cells are an alternative cell source of regenerative medicine for liver disease. Because variations in hepatic differentiation efficacy among hiPS cells exist, it is important to select a hiPS cell line with hepatic differentiation propensity.
Qiang Meng et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 92(2), 289-298 (2014-10-04)
Liver resection has become a common treatment for liver tumors and hepatocellular carcinoma over the past decades. However, after surgery, the remnant livers in some patients fail to regenerate. Therefore, there is an urgent medical need to develop drugs that
Jun Jin et al.
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 118(5), 593-598 (2014-06-05)
The main requirements for successful tissue engineering of the bone are non-immunogenic cells with osteogenic potential and a porous biodegradable scaffold. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential of a silk fibroin/hydroxyapatite (SF/HA) porous material as a
Thomas P Lozito et al.
Developmental biology, 399(2), 249-262 (2015-01-18)
Lizards capable of caudal autotomy exhibit the remarkable ability to "drop" and then regenerate their tails. However, the regenerated lizard tail (RLT) is known as an "imperfect replicate" due to several key anatomical differences compared to the original tail. Most
Naoyuki Kawao et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 307(3), E278-E288 (2014-06-12)
Further development in research of bone regeneration is necessary to meet the clinical demand for bone reconstruction. Recently, we reported that plasminogen is crucial for bone repair through enhancement of vessel formation. However, the details of the role of tissue-type
A Priyanka et al.
Free radical research, 48(10), 1206-1217 (2014-07-22)
Excessive expansion of white adipose tissue leads to hypoxia which is considered as a key factor responsible for adipose tissue dysfunction in obesity. Hypoxia induces inflammation, insulin resistance, and other obesity related complications. So the hypoxia-signalling pathway is expected to
Jennifer D Lewis et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e116152-e116152 (2014-12-30)
Pseudomonas syringae employs a type III secretion system to inject 20-30 different type III effector (T3SE) proteins into plant host cells. A major role of T3SEs is to suppress plant immune responses and promote bacterial infection. The YopJ/HopZ acetyltransferases are
Sa Luo et al.
Toxicology letters, 229(1), 85-92 (2014-06-10)
Various therapeutic regimes have been proposed with limited success for treatment of phosgene-induced acute lung injury (P-ALI). Corticoids were shown to be efficacious against chlorine-induced lung injury but there is still controversy whether this applies also to P-ALI. This study
Korneliusz Golebski et al.
Molecular immunology, 65(1), 43-50 (2015-02-02)
Primary nasal epithelium of house dust mite allergic individuals is in a permanently activated inflammatory transcriptional state. To investigate whether a deregulated expression of EGR-1 and/or DUSP-1, two potential negative regulators of pro-inflammatory responses, could contribute to the activation of
Yu-Zhou Xiao et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(2), 1146-1152 (2014-11-06)
The use of artificial nerves for the repair of peripheral nerve defects is restricted by the limited sources of Schwann cells (SCs). Human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)‑derived Schwann‑like cells are considered an alternative and desirable cell source. The aim of
Hideki Sugimoto et al.
Phytotherapy research : PTR, 29(2), 251-259 (2014-10-23)
Pycnogenol(®) (PYC) is a standardized bark extract from French maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton). We examined the inhibitory effects of PYC on alveolar bone resorption, which is a characteristic feature of periodontitis, induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and osteoclast differentiation.
Gerald Dumm et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(12), 8077-8085 (2014-10-23)
Retinal prostheses are an approved treatment for vision restoration in retinal degenerative diseases; however, present implants have limited resolution and simply increasing the number of electrodes is limited by design issues. In cochlear implants, virtual electrodes can be created by
Olga Scherer et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 91(4), 490-500 (2014-08-12)
The macrolide archazolid inhibits vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase), a proton-translocating enzyme involved in protein transport and pH regulation of cell organelles, and potently suppresses cancer cell growth at low nanomolar concentrations. In view of the growing link between inflammation and cancer
Hen-Yu Liu et al.
Biomaterials, 35(37), 9767-9776 (2014-09-23)
Aging is related to loss of functional stem cell accompanying loss of tissue and organ regeneration potentials. Previously, we demonstrated that the life span of ovariectomy-senescence accelerated mice (OVX-SAMP8) was significantly prolonged and similar to that of the congenic senescence-resistant
Yijin Wang et al.
Gastroenterology, 146(7), 1775-1783 (2014-03-04)
Many recipients of organ transplants develop chronic hepatitis, due to infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Although chronic HEV infection is generally associated with immunosuppressive therapies, little is known about how different immunosuppressants affect HEV infection. A subgenomic HEV
Ellen C Dengler et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 11, 92-92 (2014-06-03)
Peri-spinal subarachnoid (intrathecal; i.t.) injection of non-viral naked plasmid DNA encoding the anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10 (pDNA-IL-10) suppresses chronic neuropathic pain in animal models. However, two sequential i.t. pDNA injections are required within a discrete 5 to 72-hour period for prolonged
Yang-peng Sun et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e101896-e101896 (2014-07-09)
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) found in the synovial fluid (SFMSCs) of the tempromandibular joint (TMJ) remain poorly understood. During TMJ arthrocentesis, we discovered that synovial fluid collected from some patients with TMJ disorders contained not only SFMSCs but also
Anja Baumann et al.
Molecular immunology, 64(1), 76-81 (2014-12-04)
Symptoms of allergic attacks frequently exhibit diurnal variations. Accordingly, we could recently demonstrate that mast cells and eosinophils - known as major effector cells of allergic diseases - showed an intact circadian clock. Here, we analyzed the role of the
A Stark et al.
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition, 99(2), 356-366 (2014-05-16)
Colostrum immunoglobulin G (IgG) is of major importance for the newborn calf because epitheliochorial placentae do not provide transport in utero. The formation of colostrum occurs in the later stages of pregnancy. Our objectives were to induce lactation in non-pregnant
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