Showing 1-25 of 25 results for "Y0001400"
Yousheng Xiao et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 1, CD008781-CD008781 (2012-01-20)
The efficacy and safety of vigabatrin (VGB) as an add-on therapy for refractory epilepsy has been well established. However, this needs to be weighed against the risk of the development of visual field defects. Whether VGB monotherapy is an effective...
Milena Djuric et al.
Epilepsia, 55(12), 1918-1925 (2014-11-08)
Evaluation of efficacy of vigabatrin as the first drug in infants with previously untreated infantile spasms (IS) and reporting the long-term outcome. We analyzed a cohort of 180 infants with infantile spasms treated with vigabatrin as the first drug. Following...
Robert C Sergott
Current opinion in ophthalmology, 21(6), 442-446 (2010-09-03)
Although vigabatrin has been used for many years in Europe, this antiepileptic medication was approved for use in the USA only 1 year ago because of concerns for irreversible peripheral visual field loss that can result in functional visual disability....
Rachel Dragas et al.
Documenta ophthalmologica. Advances in ophthalmology, 129(2), 97-104 (2014-07-11)
Vigabatrin (VGB), a treatment for the childhood epilepsy, infantile spasms (IS), is implicated in visual field constriction. Electroretinograms (ERGs) are used as a substitute for visual field testing in infants. We use the VGB-associated ERG reduction (VAER), defined as reduction...
Kimberly A Pesaturo et al.
Pharmacotherapy, 31(3), 298-311 (2011-03-03)
Infantile spasms describe a pediatric epilepsy syndrome characterized by frequent clusters of brief symmetric muscle contractions; the condition is often associated with developmental delay. When infantile spasms are accompanied by hypsarrhythmia on electroencephalogram, the condition is labeled West syndrome. The...
Analysis of vigabatrin treatment causing visual field defects in infantile spasms.
Catherine Chiron et al.
Developmental medicine and child neurology, 57(1), 9-10 (2014-08-12)
E Faught
Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, (192)(192), 29-35 (2011-11-09)
Vigabatrin is an antiepileptic drug used in more than 50 countries as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS) in adults. First approved in the United Kingdom in 1989, vigabatrin was approved for use in the...
Jace C Nielsen et al.
Epilepsia, 55(12), e134-e138 (2014-10-15)
We predicted vigabatrin dosages for adjunctive therapy for pediatric patients with refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS) that would produce efficacy comparable to that observed for approved adult dosages. A dose-response model related seizure-count data to vigabatrin dosage to identify dosages...
E Ben-Menachem et al.
Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, (192)(192), 16-28 (2011-11-09)
Complex partial seizures (CPS) are a form of localization-related seizures associated with serious comorbidities and risks. CPS can be difficult to treat and may remain refractory to treatment with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Refractory CPS (rCPS) can be hazardous because of...
Harinder Jaseja
Clinical neurology and neurosurgery, 111(2), 111-114 (2008-10-11)
West syndrome (WS) or infantile spasms (IS) is a severe epileptic syndrome associated with poor prognosis and increased morbidity. The exact etio-pathogenesis of the disorder still remains elusive ant therefore the management continues to pose a challenge to the clinicians....
R C Sergott et al.
Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, (192)(192), 48-56 (2011-11-09)
Vigabatrin, an irreversible inhibitor of γ-aminobutyric acid transaminase, is an antiepileptic drug indicated in the United States as adjunctive therapy for adult patients with refractory complex partial seizures who have responded inadequately to several alternative treatments and for monotherapy treatment...
Vigabatrin-associated visual field loss.
Chris Fecarotta et al.
International ophthalmology clinics, 52(3), 87-94 (2012-06-07)
Eija Gaily
Expert review of neurotherapeutics, 12(3), 275-286 (2012-03-01)
Infantile spasms syndrome (IS) (also known as West syndrome) is an epileptic encephalopathy with a heterogeneous etiology. One of the most common specific causes is tuberous sclerosis, diagnosed in almost 10% of the affected infants. Adrenocorticotropic hormone or steroids have...
L James Willmore et al.
Epilepsia, 50(2), 163-173 (2009-02-21)
Vigabatrin (VGB) is a structural analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) that irreversibly inhibits GABA-transaminase (GABA-T), increasing brain levels of GABA. VGB is under assessment for treatment of infantile spasms (IS) and refractory complex partial seizures (CPS). Response can be rapid...
Karla Hemming et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 1(1), CD007302-CD007302 (2013-02-27)
Epilepsy is a common neurological condition which affects between 0.5% and 1% of the population. Approximately 30% of people with epilepsy do not respond to treatment with currently available drugs. The majority of these people have partial epilepsy. Vigabatrin is...
L Carmant
Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, (192)(192), 36-47 (2011-11-09)
Infantile spasms (IS) are a unique and severe form of epilepsy associated with poor neurologic and developmental outcomes. The refractory spasms and abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns associated with the condition are believed to have a progressively detrimental impact. Therefore, rapid...
Justin A Tolman et al.
Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy, 10(18), 3077-3089 (2009-12-04)
Vigabatrin (Sabril) was approved in the USA in mid-2009 for the adjunctive treatment of refractory complex partial seizures and as treatment of infantile spasms. Vigabatrin's more than 30-year history of research and development is condensed into a clinically relevant review...
S D Walker et al.
Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, (192)(192), 72-82 (2011-11-09)
Vigabatrin is an effective antiepileptic drug (AED) for the treatment of refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS) and infantile spasms (IS). In clinical trials, vigabatrin was generally well-tolerated with an adverse event profile similar to that of other AEDs. The most...
M K Heim et al.
Acta neurologica Scandinavica, 126(4), 219-228 (2012-05-29)
Vigabatrin (VGB), an irreversible inhibitor of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase, is approved as adjunct treatment of refractory partial seizures as well as infantile spasms. Although VGB has been proven to be effective, its use is limited by the risk of...
G T Plant et al.
Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, (192)(192), 57-71 (2011-11-09)
Vigabatrin is an irreversible inhibitor of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase. It is effective as adjunctive therapy for adult patients with refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS) who have inadequately responded to several alternative treatments and as monotherapy for children aged 1...
J M Pellock
Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, (192)(192), 83-91 (2011-11-09)
Vigabatrin is an effective and well-tolerated antiepileptic drug (AED) for the treatment of refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS) and infantile spasms (IS), but its benefits must be evaluated in conjunction with its risk of retinopathy with the development of peripheral...
Melissa J Maguire et al.
Epilepsia, 51(12), 2423-2431 (2010-11-13)
Vigabatrin is an efficacious antiepileptic drug licensed as add-on therapy in refractory epilepsy and used in infantile spasms. Eight years after licensing, there emerged a strong and possibly causative association with bilateral visual field loss. We report a systematic review...
E Ben-Menachem
Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, (192)(192), 5-15 (2011-11-09)
Discovered more than three decades ago, vigabatrin is approved in more than 50 countries as adjunctive therapy for adult patients with refractory complex partial seizures who have responded inadequately to several alternative treatments and as monotherapy for pediatric patients aged...
Raili Riikonen et al.
Developmental medicine and child neurology, 57(1), 60-67 (2014-08-26)
The aim of this study was to examine whether vigabatrin treatment had caused visual field defects (VFDs) in children of school age who had received the drug in infancy. In total, 35 children (14 males, 21 females; median age 11y...
Danièle Bentué-Ferrer et al.
Therapie, 65(1), 23-27 (2010-03-09)
Vigabatrin is a second generation anticonvulsant drug available in France since 1995. It is an amino acid analogue of the GABA, marketed under the racemic form [R(-)/S(+)50/50], but only the S(+)-enantiomer is active. Neither the mechanism of action of vigabatrin...

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