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Occurrence of soluble organic compounds in thermal waters by ion trap mass detection.

Chemosphere (2009-01-17)
C González-Barreiro, B Cancho-Grande, P Araujo-Nespereira, J A Cid-Fernández, J Simal-Gándara
ABSTRACT

Thermal waters can be regarded as worth developing because of their human health implications and, if thermal tourism is promoted, their importance to the local economy. Galicia, in the North-West of Spain, has numerous sources of thermal waters spread all over the region. They have been used for therapeutic purposes since Roman times. Ourense, with 82 sources (9 spas), is becoming one of the richest Spanish provinces in hydromineral and thermal resources. In this work, the most representative springs of thermal waters from the city of Ourense--Outariz, Chavasqueira, Tinteiro and As Burgas--were analysed in order to identify the presence of several chemical classes of soluble organic compounds responsible for their biological activity. The waters studied are hyperthermal, with temperatures ranged between 45 and 66 degrees C. Different extraction techniques, liquid-liquid extraction (LLE), solid phase extraction (SPE) and solid phase micro-extraction (SPME), combined with gas chromatography-electron impact ion trap mass spectrometry (GC-(EI)ITMS) were used to cover a wide variety of compounds. The most characteristic chemical families of extractable organic compounds detected are thoroughly discussed. Most of the substances belonging to phenol, aldehyde, esther, ketone, and elemental sulphur groups occur in all samples. Large amounts of elemental sulphur were found in Tinteiro spring, providing to this water of numerous beneficial clinical effects.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 5, needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly, Carbowax-Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Coating, needle size 23 ga, df 60 μm (PEG), for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 23 ga, PDMS/DVB StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly, Carbowax-Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Coating, needle size 23 ga, df 60 μm (PEG), metal alloy fiber, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 4, for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 2, for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME StableFlex fiber assortment kit, needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME StableFlex fiber assortment kit, for use with autosampler, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 2, for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 1, for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 2, for use with autosampler, size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), fused silica fiber, df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), for use with manual holder, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 4, for use with manual holder, size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 1, for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME StableFlex fiber assortment kit, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 4, for use with autosampler, size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 1, for use with autosampler, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
IonSense® PDMS/DVB SPE-it Tips, pkg of 96 ea
Supelco
SPME LC Tips, C18, tray of 96 ea
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber, fiber L 1 cm
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 85 μm (CAR/PDMS), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber, fiber L 2 cm
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly polyacrylate (PA), df 85 μm (PA), for use with autosampler, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME Sampling Stand, for use with 4 mL vials