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Using β-cyclodextrin/attapulgite-immobilized ionic liquid as sorbent in dispersive solid-phase microextraction to detect the benzoylurea insecticide contents of honey and tea beverages.

Food chemistry (2015-12-18)
Miyi Yang, Xiaoling Wu, Xuefei Xi, Panjie Zhang, Xiaoling Yang, Runhua Lu, Wenfeng Zhou, Sanbing Zhang, Haixiang Gao, Jianyong Li
ABSTRACT

A green, simple, inexpensive dispersive solid-phase microextraction method coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography was developed for rapid screening and selective recognition of benzoylurea insecticides (BUs) in honey and tea beverages. A novel adsorbent, ionic liquid (IL)-modified β-cyclodextrin/attapulgite (β-CD/ATP), was prepared by immobilizing IL on the surface of β-CD/ATP. A series of demanding extraction conditions were investigated through the experimental design. Under optimum conditions, the limits of detection for the analytes varied from 0.12 to 0.21 μg L(-1). The enrichment factors ranged from 112 to 150 folds. Linearities in the range of 5-500 ng m L(-1) were achieved for four BUs, while the correlation coefficients ranged from 0.9997 to 1.0000 and the recoveries from 84.5% to 104.7%. The precision of this method for the four BUs corresponded to intra-day and inter-day RSDs% lower than 3.85%. Finally, the proposed technique was applied for the preconcentration of the BUs from real samples with satisfactory results.

MATERIALS
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