A novel method of solventless extraction has been developed based on a combination of solid phase micro extraction and purge and trap methods. In this technique, a hollow needle with either a short length of GC capillary column placed inside it, or an internal coating of carbon, is used as the preconcentration device. Sampling may be performed on ambient air, on solution, or the solution headspace, by passing the gas or liquid through the device either actively with a syringe, or passively via diffusion. The VOC are sorbed and concentrated onto either the carbon layer, or the liquid stationary phase of the capillary column, within the needle. Placing the needle into a heated GC injection port thermally desorbs the organic compounds directly into the GC without the need for solvent extraction. Results suggest that this procedure provides a rapid and sensitive alternative method to those currently available.
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