• Home
  • Search Results
  • Skeletal myofiber VEGF is essential for the exercise training response in adult mice.

Skeletal myofiber VEGF is essential for the exercise training response in adult mice.

American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology (2014-02-14)
Hamid Delavar, Leonardo Nogueira, Peter D Wagner, Michael C Hogan, Daniel Metzger, Ellen C Breen
ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is exercise responsive, pro-angiogenic, and expressed in several muscle cell types. We hypothesized that in adult mice, VEGF generated within skeletal myofibers (and not other cells within muscle) is necessary for the angiogenic response to exercise training. This was tested in adult conditional, skeletal myofiber-specific VEGF gene-deleted mice (skmVEGF-/-), with VEGF levels reduced by >80%. After 8 wk of daily treadmill training, speed and endurance were unaltered in skmVEGF-/- mice, but increased by 18% and 99% (P < 0.01), respectively, in controls trained at identical absolute speed, incline, and duration. In vitro, isolated soleus and extensor digitorum longus contractile function was not impaired in skmVEGF-/- mice. However, training-induced angiogenesis was inhibited in plantaris (wild type, 38%, skmVEGF-/- 18%, P < 0.01), and gastrocnemius (wild type, 43%, P < 0.01; skmVEGF-/-, 7%, not significant). Capillarity was maintained (different from VEGF gene deletion targeted to multiple cell types) in untrained skmVEGF-/- mice. Arteriogenesis (smooth muscle actin+, artery number, and diameter) and remodeling [vimentin+, 5'-bromodeoxycytidine (BrdU)+, and F4/80+ cells] occurred in skmVEGF-/- mice, even in the absence of training. skmVEGF-/- mice also displayed a limited oxidative enzyme [citrate synthase and β-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase (β-HAD)] training response; β-HAD activity levels were elevated in the untrained state. These data suggest that myofiber expressed VEGF is necessary for training responses in capillarity and oxidative capacity and for improved running speed and endurance.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal Anti-Actin, α-Smooth Muscle, clone 1A4, ascites fluid
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.