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Probing the interaction of the phytochemical 6-gingerol from the spice ginger with DNA.

International journal of biological macromolecules (2018-02-20)
Poovvathingal Haris, Varughese Mary, Chellappanpillai Sudarsanakumar
ABSTRACT

6-Gingerol [5-hydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) decan-3-one], the bio-active ingredient of the popular Indian spice ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), is well-known for its pharmacological and physiological actions. The potent antioxidant, antiemetic, antiulcer, antimicrobial, analgesic, hypoglycemic, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, immunostimulant, anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic, and cancer prevention activities of 6-Gingerol has been investigated and explored. 6-Gingerol is a good candidate for the treatment of various cancers including prostrate, pancreatic, breast, skin, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, and renal cancer. In this study we report for the first time the molecular recognition of 6-Gingerol with calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) through experimental and molecular modeling techniques confirming a minor groove binding mode of 6-Gingerol with ctDNA. Fluorescence and UV-vis spectroscopic studies confirm the complex formation of 6-gingerol with ctDNA. The energetics and thermodynamics of the interaction of 6-Gingerol with ctDNA was explored by Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The ctDNA helix melting upon 6-Gingerol binding was examined by melting temperature Tm analysis. Further the electrophoretic mobility shift assay confirms a possible groove binding of 6-Gingerol with ctDNA. Molecular docking and Molecular dynamics (MD) studies provide a detailed understanding on the interaction of 6-Gingerol binding in the minor groove of DNA which supports experimental results.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
[6]-Gingerol, ≥98% (HPLC)