Mitochondria play a critical role in the cardiomyocyte physiology by generating majority of the ATP required for the contraction/relaxation through oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Aging is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mitochondrial dysfunction has been proposed as potential cause of aging. Recent technological innovations in Seahorse XFe24 Analyzer enhanced the detection sensitivity of oxygen consumption rate and proton flux to advance our ability study mitochondrial function. Studies of the respiratory function tests in the isolated mitochondria have the advantages to detect specific defects in the mitochondrial protein function and evaluate the direct mitochondrial effects of therapeutic/pharmacological agents. Here, we provide the protocols for studying the respiratory function of isolated murine cardiac mitochondria by measuring oxygen consumption rate using Seahorse XFe24 Analyzer. In addition, we provide details about experimental design, measurement of various respiratory parameters along with interpretation and analysis of data.
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