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  • The association of spinophilin with disks large-associated protein 3 (SAPAP3) is regulated by metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) 5.

The association of spinophilin with disks large-associated protein 3 (SAPAP3) is regulated by metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) 5.

Molecular and cellular neurosciences (2018-06-17)
Cameron W Morris, Darryl S Watkins, Asma B Salek, Michael C Edler, Anthony J Baucum
ABSTRACT

Spinophilin is the most abundant protein phosphatase 1 targeting protein in the postsynaptic density of dendritic spines. Spinophilin associates with myriad synaptic proteins to regulate normal synaptic communication; however, the full complement of spinophilin interacting proteins and mechanisms regulating spinophilin interactions are unclear. Here we validate an association between spinophilin and the scaffolding protein, disks large-associated protein 3 (SAP90/PSD-95 associated protein 3; SAPAP3). Loss of SAPAP3 leads to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)-like behaviors due to alterations in metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) signaling. Here we report that spinophilin associates with SAPAP3 in the brain and in a heterologous cell system. Moreover, we have found that expression or activation of group I mGluRs along with activation of the mGluR-dependent kinase, protein kinase C β, enhances this interaction. Functionally, global loss of spinophilin attenuates amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion, a striatal behavior associated with dopamine dysregulation and OCD. Together, these data delineate a novel link between mGluR signaling, spinophilin, and SAPAP3 in striatal pathophysiology.

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Tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine, 98%