Several ion channels and transporters regulate fluid secretion in salivary and lacrimal glands. In salivary glands, the major anion channel involved in fluid secretion is the calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin 1 (ANO1). Several members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel superfamily regulate ANO1 activity. Here, we report a functional interaction between thermosensitive TRP vanilloid (TRPV)4 and ANO1 in acinar cells isolated from mouse salivary and lacrimal glands. TRPV4 activation induced chloride currents and shrinkage of acinar cells by increasing intracellular calcium concentrations. The chloride currents evoked by a TRPV4-specific activator (GSK1016790A) were identified as ANO1-mediated currents. Moreover, TRPV4 activation by an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-dependent mechanism was found to contribute to the muscarinic pathway of fluid secretion. Muscarinic stimulation of saliva and tear secretion was down-regulated in both TRPV4-deficient mice and in acinar cells treated with a TRPV4-specific antagonist (HC-067047). Furthermore, the temperature dependence of muscarinic salivation was shown to depend mainly on TRPV4. Our results suggest that TRPV4 interacts with IP3 receptors and ANO1 to regulate the muscarinic pathway that mediates salivation and lacrimation.-Derouiche, S., Takayama, Y., Murakami, M., Tominaga, M. TRPV4 heats up ANO1-dependent exocrine gland fluid secretion.