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  • Regulation on the toxicity of microcystin-LR target to protein phosphatase 1 by biotransformation pathway: effectiveness and mechanism.

Regulation on the toxicity of microcystin-LR target to protein phosphatase 1 by biotransformation pathway: effectiveness and mechanism.

Environmental science and pollution research international (2018-07-04)
Wansong Zong, Qian Wang, Shuhan Zhang, Yue Teng, Yonggang Du
ABSTRACT

Biotransformation was an important pathway to regulate the toxicity of microcystins (MCs) targeted to protein phosphatases (PPs). To explore the regulation effectiveness and mechanism, several typical biothiol transformation products originated from MCLR were prepared by nucleophilic addition reaction. The reduced inhibition effect of MCLR transformation products on PP1 was evaluated and compared with their original toxin. Though molecular simulation showed the introduced biothiols enhanced the total combination areas and energies for target complexes, the steric hindrance of introduced biothiols inhibited the combination between the key action sites (Mdha7 and Adda5 residues) and PP1. Furthermore, the introduced biothiols also weakened the hydrogen bonds for some key interaction sites and altered the ion bonds between PP1 and the two Mn2+ ions in the catalytic center. The discrepant regulation effect for biothiols on the toxicity of MCLR was closely related to above indexes and influenced by molecular sides.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Cys-Gly, ≥85% (TLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
PP1, ≥98% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Thiopheneacetic acid, 98%