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Switching on the proton transport pathway of a lanthanide metal-organic framework by one-pot loading of tetraethylene glycol for high proton conduction.

Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003) (2018-06-26)
Xi Wang, Dandan Lou, Xiangcheng Lu, Jianbin Wu, Ying Mu, Yan Yan, Qian Zhang, Ming Bai
ABSTRACT

A one-pot hydrothermal approach has been developed to introduce tetraethylene glycol (TEG) molecules into a two-dimensional (2D) layered lanthanide metal-organic framework ([Sm(H5C2P2O7)(H2O)2]·Guest, denoted SmHEDP-Guest). Through the straightforward loading of TEG, the proton conductivity of SmHEDP-TEG (1.21 × 10-3 S cm-1) is increased by 3 orders of magnitude compared with its analogue SmHEDP-H2O (1.22 × 10-6 S cm-1) under 100% relative humidity at room temperature. More excitingly, SmHEDP-TEG exhibits very high proton conductivity of 9.17 × 10-2 S cm-1, even higher than commercial Nafion, when the temperature is increased to 333 K, which is significantly higher than SmHEDP-H2O (3.38 × 10-5 S cm-1). The single crystal XRD reveals that the adjacent water molecules located in the channels of SmHEDP-H2O are isolated without hydrogen bonding interactions owing to their long distances. However, interestingly, the guest TEG molecules of SmHEDP-TEG behave as hydrogen bonded connected bridges, which switch on the proton transport pathway to promote proton hopping. This discovery may provide a facile strategy to design and synthesize more promising candidates for novel proton conductors.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Tetraethylene glycol, 99%