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Enzymatic Synthesis of Structured Monogalactosyldiacylglycerols Enriched in Pinolenic Acid.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2018-07-13)
Jiwon Kim, Min-Yu Chung, Hee-Don Choi, In-Wook Choi, Byung Hee Kim
ABSTRACT

We enzymatically prepared structured monogalactosydiacylglycerols (MGDGs) enriched in pinolenic acid (PLA). PLA-enriched free fatty acids (FFAs) containing ∼86 mol % PLA were produced from an FFA fraction obtained from pine nut oil (PLA content, ∼13 mol %) by urea crystallization. Commercial MGDGs (5 mg) were acidolyzed with PLA-enriched FFAs using four commercial immobilized lipases as biocatalysts. The reaction was performed in acetone (4 mL) in a stirred-batch reactor. Lipozyme RM IM (immobilized Rhizomucor miehei lipase) was the most effective biocatalyst for the reaction. Structured MGDGs containing 42.1 mol % PLA were obtained under optimal reaction conditions: temperature, 25 °C; substrate molar ratio, 1:30 (MGDGs/PLA-enriched FFAs); enzyme loading, 20 wt % of total substrates; and reaction time, 36 h. The structured MGDGs were separated from the reaction products at a purity of 96.6 wt % using silica column chromatography. The structured MGDGs could be possibly used as emulsifiers with appetite-suppression effects.