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Photoluminescence modulation of silicon nanoparticles via highly ordered arrangement with phospholipid membranes.

Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces (2018-07-10)
Jiaojiao Liu, Bin Song, Jingliang Li, Xiaodong Tian, Yuqiang Ma, Kai Yang, Bing Yuan
ABSTRACT

Highly ordered self-assembly of nanoparticles (NPs) in a large scale promises attractive potential in optical modulation of the NPs for illuminating, imaging and sensing applications. In this work, a type of multi-lamellar nanocomposite membranes composed of phospholipid multilayers and Si NPs sandwiched between each adjacent lipid layers was fabricated via a facile co-assembly method. X-ray reflectivity (XRR), grazing incident X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) and TEM measurements verified the highly ordered arrangement of NPs within the multilayers with a controlled in-plane inter-particle separation from ∼7 nm to ∼14 nm. Due to such an arrangement, the photoluminescence (PL) properties of the Si NPs were effectively modulated. Compared to the NPs in suspension or its pure film, the PL of the NPs in the membranes blue-shifted and remarkably narrowed, with the full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM) value reduced from >110 nm of the pure Si NP film to below 43 nm. The radiative lifetime of the NPs was also significantly reduced from ∼16.7 ns to ∼3.3 ns depending on the inter-particle distance in the membrane. Meanwhile, the Si NPs within membranes maintained robust photostability under UV irradiation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1,2-Dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
1,8-Naphthalimide, 99%