Respiratory viruses are major threats causing development of acute respiratory tract infections, which are common causes of illness and death throughout the world. Here, an integrated microsystem based on real-time colorimetry was developed for diagnosing multiple respiratory viruses. The microsystem employed magnetic beads for nucleic acid extraction and an eight-channel microfluidic array chip integrated with a loop-mediated isothermal amplification system for point-of-care screening of respiratory viruses. The overall detection process (including sample collection, nucleic acid extraction, sample loading, real-time detection, and signal output) could be completed within 1 h. Our results show that the developed method could specifically recognize influenza A virus subtypes (H1N1, H3N2, H5N1, and H7N9), influenza B virus, and human adenoviruses. The results obtained with 109 clinical samples indicate that the developed method has high specificity (100%, confidence interval 94.9-100.0) and sensitivity (96%, confidence interval 78.1-99.9). The integration of magnetic bead-based pre-treatment techniques and microfluidic isothermal amplification provides an effective solution for rapidly detecting etiological agents of respiratory diseases. The strategy of using a closed chip system and real-time colorimetry reduced aerosol contamination and ensured the accuracy of the results. The developed method provides an effective alternative for rapid point-of-care screening for viruses that cause respiratory disease syndromes and further aids in accurate and timely detection to control and prevent the spread of respiratory diseases caused by such pathogens.