Expression in transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) of a pea (Pisum sativum L.) GOR2 cDNA, encoding an isoform of glutathione reductase (GOR2), resulted in a 3- to 7-fold elevation of total foliar glutathione reductase (GR) activity. The enzyme encoded by GOR2 was confirmed to be extraplastidial in organelle fractionation studies and was considered most likely to be localised in the cytosol. A partial purification of GOR2 was achieved but a standard affinity chromatography step, using adenosine-2',5'-diphosphate-Sepharose and often employed in the purification of GR from diverse sources, was unsuccessful with this isoform. Preparative isoelectric focussing was employed as part of the purification procedure of GOR2 and a complete separation from plastidial/mitochondrial glutathione reductase (GOR1) was achieved. The isoform GOR2 was shown to have a slower migration on non-denaturing polyacrylamide gels compared with GOR1 and properties typical of GR enzymes from plant sources.