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  • Participation of the cell polarity protein PALS1 to T-cell receptor-mediated NF-κB activation.

Participation of the cell polarity protein PALS1 to T-cell receptor-mediated NF-κB activation.

PloS one (2011-04-12)
Gabrielle Carvalho, Konstantinos Poalas, Catherine Demian, Emeline Hatchi, Aimé Vazquez, Nicolas Bidère
ABSTRACT

Beside their established function in shaping cell architecture, some cell polarity proteins were proposed to participate to lymphocyte migration, homing, scanning, as well as activation following antigen receptor stimulation. Although PALS1 is a central component of the cell polarity network, its expression and function in lymphocytes remains unknown. Here we investigated whether PALS1 is present in T cells and whether it contributes to T Cell-Receptor (TCR)-mediated activation. By combining RT-PCR and immunoblot assays, we found that PALS1 is constitutively expressed in human T lymphocytes as well as in Jurkat T cells. siRNA-based knockdown of PALS1 hampered TCR-induced activation and optimal proliferation of lymphocyte. We further provide evidence that PALS1 depletion selectively hindered TCR-driven activation of the transcription factor NF-κB. The cell polarity protein PALS1 is expressed in T lymphocytes and participates to the optimal activation of NF-κB following TCR stimulation.

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4G10® Platinum, Anti-Phosphotyrosine Antibody (mouse monoclonal cocktail IgG2b), clone 4G10®, Upstate®, from mouse