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Comparison of chromatographic ion-exchange resins. II. More strong anion-exchange resins.

Journal of chromatography. A (2001-02-24)
A Staby, I H Jensen

A comparative study was performed on strong anion exchangers to investigate the pH dependence, titration curves, efficiency, binding strength, particle size distribution, and static and dynamic capacity of the chromatographic resins. The resins tested included Q Sepharose XL, UNO Q-1, Poros 50 HQ, Toyopearl QAE 550c, Separon HemaBio 1000Q, Q-Cellthru Bigbeads Plus, Q Sepharose HP and Toyopearl SuperQ 650s. Testing was performed with five different proteins: anti-Factor VII monoclonal antibody (immunoglobulin G), aprotinin, bovine serum albumin, lipolase and myoglobin. The dependence of pH on retention varies from generally low to very high for proteins with a low isoelectric point (pl). An unexpected binding at pH 7-8 of aprotinin with pI >11 was observed on Separon HemaBio 1000Q. No link between pH dependence on retention and titration curves of the different resins was observed. Efficiency results show the expected trend of higher dependence of the plate height with increasing flow-rate of soft resins compared to resins for medium- and high-pressure operation. No or a very small difference in particle size distribution was obtained between new and used resins. Binding to anion-exchange resins as a function of ionic strength varies to some extent depending on the specific protein. Generally, binding and elution at high salt concentration may be performed with Q Sepharose XL, Toyopearl QAE 550c, Q Sepharose HP and Poros 50 HQ, while binding and elution at low salt concentration may be performed with Q-Cellthru Bigbeads Plus. A very high binding capacity was obtained with Q Sepharose XL. Comparison of static capacity and dynamic capacity at 10% breakthrough shows approx. 50-80% utilization of the total available capacity during chromatographic operation. A general good agreement was obtained between this study and data obtained by the suppliers. The results of this study may be used for selection of resins for testing in process development.