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pH-Triggered Sustained Drug Delivery from a Polymer Micelle having the β-Thiopropionate Linkage.

Macromolecular rapid communications (2016-07-23)
Prithankar Pramanik, Debdatta Halder, Siddhartha Sankar Jana, Suhrit Ghosh
ABSTRACT

The synthesis, micellar aggregation, and pH-triggered intracellular drug delivery ability of an amphiphilic statistical copolymer (P2) are studied. Two methacrylate derivatives, one containing a hydrophilic pendant and the other containing a hydrophobic pendant chain, are copolymerized to produce P2. The hydrophobic pendant chain is linked to the polymer backbone by a β-thiopropionate linkage, known to undergo slow hydrolysis at mild acidic pH. P2 forms a multimicellar cluster in water with a critical aggregation concentration of 0.02 mg mL(-1) and encapsulates a hydrophobic guest such as pyrene, Nile red, or the anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (Dox). Sustained release of the entrapped Dox (80% after 100 h) is noticed at pH 5.2, while release is significantly slower (35% after 100 h) at pH 7.4. Acidic hydrolysis of the β-thiopropionate linkage leading to the reduction of the hydrophobicity is established as the cause for micellar disassembly and triggered drug release. Cell-culture studies with the human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, reveal biocompatibility of P2 (below 150 μg mL(-1) ). It is further tested for intracellular delivery of Dox. MCF-7 cells remain healthy at pH 7.4 but become unhealthy at pH 5.2 when treated with a Dox-loaded P2 micelles.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate), average Mn 10,000
Sigma-Aldrich
Poly(2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate), average Mn 10,000
Sigma-Aldrich
Poly(2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate), average Mn 10,000