• Home
  • Search Results
  • KCC2 Regulates Neuronal Excitability and Hippocampal Activity via Interaction with Task-3 Channels.

KCC2 Regulates Neuronal Excitability and Hippocampal Activity via Interaction with Task-3 Channels.

Cell reports (2019-07-04)
Marie Goutierre, Sana Al Awabdh, Florian Donneger, Emeline François, Daniel Gomez-Dominguez, Theano Irinopoulou, Liset Menendez de la Prida, Jean Christophe Poncer
ABSTRACT

KCC2 regulates neuronal transmembrane chloride gradients and thereby controls GABA signaling in the brain. KCC2 downregulation is observed in numerous neurological and psychiatric disorders. Paradoxical, excitatory GABA signaling is usually assumed to contribute to abnormal network activity underlying the pathology. We tested this hypothesis and explored the functional impact of chronic KCC2 downregulation in the rat dentate gyrus. Although the reversal potential of GABAA receptor currents is depolarized in KCC2 knockdown neurons, this shift is compensated by depolarization of the resting membrane potential. This reflects downregulation of leak potassium currents. We show KCC2 interacts with Task-3 (KCNK9) channels and is required for their membrane expression. Increased neuronal excitability upon KCC2 suppression altered dentate gyrus rhythmogenesis, which could be normalized by chemogenetic hyperpolarization. Our data reveal KCC2 downregulation engages complex synaptic and cellular alterations beyond GABA signaling that perturb network activity thus offering additional targets for therapeutic intervention.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal ANTI-FLAG® M2 antibody produced in mouse, clone M2, purified immunoglobulin (Purified IgG1 subclass), buffered aqueous solution (10 mM sodium phosphate, 150 mM NaCl, pH 7.4, containing 0.02% sodium azide)
Sigma-Aldrich
Clozapine N-oxide
Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal Anti-HA antibody produced in mouse, clone HA-7, ascites fluid
Sigma-Aldrich
Lithium chloride, BioXtra, ≥99.0% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
Pilocarpine hydrochloride, ≥99% (titration), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Picrotoxin, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Green Fluorescent Protein Antibody, Chemicon®, from chicken
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-K+/Cl- Cotransporter (KCC2) Antibody, Upstate®, from rabbit
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Prox 1 Antibody, serum, Chemicon®
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-KCNK9 antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody