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Characterization of Fusarium solani Populations Associated with Spanish Strawberry Crops.

Plant disease (2019-06-19)
M Villarino, E De la Lastra, M J Basallote-Ureba, N Capote, I Larena, P Melgarejo, A De Cal
ABSTRACT

Fusarium solani is an emerging pathogen reported on Spanish strawberry crops both in nurseries and in fruit production fields, causing wilt and root rot. Pathogenicity, morphocultural characteristics, and sensitivity to biocides of 103 F. solani isolates recovered from symptomatic strawberry plants and soils from both Spanish strawberry areas were determined. The differences of isolates within and between nurseries and field crops in relation to these parameters were analyzed. Considerable variability in morphological and pathogenic characteristics was observed among the isolates in both areas. The majority of isolates were not pathogenic (62%), and only 38 F. solani isolates (37.62%) caused disease on strawberry plants under controlled conditions; 52.63% of pathogenic isolates induced low severity symptoms. Almost 70% of pathogenic isolates caused stunting on plants. The morphological characters that best explain the F. solani variability (86.85%) were colony color and the presence of macroconidia on culture medium. The sensitivity to the fumigants tested was similar between the isolates from nurseries and fruit production fields, showing greater sensitivity to the field doses of dazomet and chloropicrin. However, the isolates were less sensitive to metam sodium and poorly sensitive to 1,3-dichloropropene. This work can contribute to the advancement of sustainable production of strawberry.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Metam-sodium hydrate, PESTANAL®, analytical standard