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Hypoxia-induced RelA/p65 derepresses SLC16A3 (MCT4) by downregulating ZBTB7A.

Biochimica et biophysica acta. Gene regulatory mechanisms (2019-07-05)
Seo-Hyun Choi, Min-Young Kim, Young-So Yoon, Dong-In Koh, Min-Kyeong Kim, Su-Yeon Cho, Kyung-Sup Kim, Man-Wook Hur
ABSTRACT

Overexpressed Solute Carrier Family 16 Member 3 (SLC16A3, also called MCT4) plays a critical role in hypoxic cancer cell growth and proliferation, by expelling glycolysis-derived lactate across the plasma membrane. However, how SLC16A3 expression is regulated, under hypoxic conditions, is poorly understood. FBI-1, encoded by ZBTB7A, is a proto-oncoprotein. Interestingly, under hypoxic conditions, expression of SLC16A3, and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), increased gradually, while FBI-1 expression decreased, suggesting a negative correlation between SLC16A3/HIF-1 and FBI-1 expression. Consequently, we hypothesized that FBI-1 might regulate SLC16A3 and/or HIF-1 expression. Transient transfection and transcription assays of SLC16A3 promoter reporter fusion constructs, oligonucleotide-pulldowns, and ChIP assays, showed that HIF-1α activates SLC16A3 by binding to a hypoxia-response element (HRE), while ectopic FBI-1 potently repressed SLC16A3, by binding to both FBI-1-response elements (FREs) and HREs, during hypoxia. Further evidence for this model was downregulation of ZBTB7A, correlated with SLC16A3 upregulation, in hypoxic colon cancer cells. We also investigated how FBI-1 expression is downregulated during hypoxia. The 5'-upstream regulatory region of ZBTB7A contains two NF-κB-binding sites and two HREs. Interestingly, hypoxia activated NF-κB (RelA/p65) and also increased its nuclear translocation. NF-κB repressed ZBTB7A by binding NF-κB-binding elements, and downregulated the repressor FBI-1, thereby increasing SLC16A3 transcription. While transcriptional repression of SLC16A3 by FBI-1 inhibited lactate efflux, repression of ZBTB7A and activation of lactate efflux by NF-κB, increased colon cancer cell growth and proliferation.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Cobalt(II) chloride hexahydrate, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Bay 11-7082, ≥98% (HPLC), powder