A simple and rapid As3+ detection method using 3-nitro-L-tyrosine (N-Tyr) is reported. We discovered the specific property of N-Tyr, which specifically chelates As3+. The reaction between As3+ and N-Tyr induces a prompt color change to vivid yellow, concomitantly increasing the absorbance at 430 nm. The selectivity for As3+ is confirmed by competitive binding experiments with various metal ions (Hg2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, Cr3+, Mg2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Fe2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, and Mn2+). Also, the N-Tyr binding site, binding affinity, and As3+/N-Tyr reaction stoichiometry are investigated. The specific reaction is utilized to design a sensor that enables the quantitative detection of As3+ in the 0.1-100 μM range with good linearity (R2 = 0.995). Furthermore, the method's applicability for the analysis of real samples, e.g., tap and river water, is successfully confirmed, with good recoveries (94.32-109.15%) using As3+-spiked real water samples. We believe that our discovering and its application for As3+ analysis can be effectively utilized in environmental analyses such as those conducted in water management facilities, with simplicity, rapidity, and ease.
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