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Actin dynamics and the Bmp pathway drive apical extrusion of proepicardial cells.

Development (Cambridge, England) (2019-06-09)
Laura Andrés-Delgado, Alexander Ernst, María Galardi-Castilla, David Bazaga, Marina Peralta, Juliane Münch, Juan M González-Rosa, Inês Marques, Federico Tessadori, José Luis de la Pompa, Julien Vermot, Nadia Mercader
ABSTRACT

The epicardium, the outer mesothelial layer enclosing the myocardium, plays key roles in heart development and regeneration. During embryogenesis, the epicardium arises from the proepicardium (PE), a cell cluster that appears in the dorsal pericardium (DP) close to the venous pole of the heart. Little is known about how the PE emerges from the pericardial mesothelium. Using a zebrafish model and a combination of genetic tools, pharmacological agents and quantitative in vivo imaging, we reveal that a coordinated collective movement of DP cells drives PE formation. We found that Bmp signaling and the actomyosin cytoskeleton promote constriction of the DP, which enables PE cells to extrude apically. We provide evidence that cell extrusion, which has been described in the elimination of unfit cells from epithelia and the emergence of hematopoietic stem cells, is also a mechanism for PE cells to exit an organized mesothelium and fulfil their developmental fate to form a new tissue layer, the epicardium.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100, laboratory grade
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Laminin antibody produced in rabbit, 0.5 mg/mL, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Myosin IIA, non muscle antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution