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Self-emulsifying drug delivery systems: Impact of stability of hydrophobic ion pairs on drug release.

International journal of pharmaceutics (2019-03-06)
Imran Nazir, Mulazim Hussain Asim, Aida Dizdarević, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch
ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of stability of hydrophobic ion pairs (HIPs) in gastrointestinal (GI) fluids on their release from self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS). HIPs of leuprolide (LEU), insulin (INS) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were formed using various mono- and di-carboxylate surfactants i.e. sodium deoxycholate (SDC), sodium dodecanoate (SDD), sodium stearoyl glutamate (SSG) and pamoic acid di-sodium salt (PAM). HIPs were evaluated regarding precipitation efficiency, log Pn-butanol/water and dissociation behavior at various pH and ionic strength. Solubility studies of these HIPs were accomplished to identify suitable solvents for the formulation of SEDDS. Subsequently, HIPs were incorporated into SEDDS followed by characterization regarding zeta potential, stability and log DSEDDS/release medium. Independent from the type of (poly)peptides, PAM showed most efficient HIP properties among tested surfactants. The highest encapsulation efficiency with PAM was achieved at molar ratios of 1:1 for LEU, 1:3 for INS and 1:50 for BSA and log Pn-butanol/water of HIPs were increased at least 2.5 units. Dissociation studies showed that LEU-PAM, INS-PAM, BSA-PAM complexes were dissociated within 6 h up to 25%, 60% and 85% in GI fluids, respectively. These HIPs were successfully incorporated into SEDDS exhibiting negative zeta potential and high stability for 4 h. Log DSEDDS/release medium of LEU-PAM, INS-PAM, BSA-PAM complexes were 2.4 ± 0.7, 2.1 ± 0.62 and 1.6 ± 0.45, respectively. Findings of this study showed that stability of HIPs has great impact on log DSEDDS/release medium and consequently on their release from SEDDS.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Tetraethylene glycol, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecanoate, 99-100%