Diabetes is an important risk factor for atherosclerotic disease. The initiating factor of atherosclerosis is local endothelial cell injury. The arachidonic acid metabolite, 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12[S]-HETE), might be involved in this process. In recent years, some studies have discussed the effect of 12(S)-HETE on vascular endothelial cell function. In the present study, we investigated the effect of 12(S)-HETE on vascular endothelial cell function in high-glucose conditions and the mechanisms involved. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured in conventional M199 medium and high-glucose M199 medium. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were stimulated with 12(S)-HETE and cinnamyl-3,4-dihydroxy-α-cyanocinnamate (a 12/15-lipoxygenases inhibitor). A type 1 diabetes mellitus model was established in C57BL/6 or 12/15-lipoxygenases knockout mice with streptozotocin. Aortic tissue was harvested for subsequent testing. The transmembrane transport of dextran and human acute monocytic leukaemia cell line (THP-1) cells was measured. The adherens junction protein, IkBα, nuclear factor kappa Bp65 (P65), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion protein 1 expression and phosphorylation, and the binding/dissociation of endothelial cell components were observed. Transendothelial migration of dextran and THP-1 cells was significantly increased by stimulation of human umbilical vein endothelial cell monolayers with high glucose and 12(S)-HETE (P < 0.05). High glucose and 12(S)-HETE altered the vascular endothelial cadherin and β-catenin phosphorylation level, and promoted the dissociation of β-catenin and vascular endothelial cadherin. Expression levels of P-Ikbα, P-P65, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion protein 1 were elevated in high glucose and 12(S)-HETE treated cells and diabetic mice compared with controls (P < 0.05). The lipoxygenases metabolite, 12(S)-HETE, can impair vascular endothelial permeability by altering adherens junction phosphorylation levels, and affecting the binding and dissociation of its components in high-glucose conditions.
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