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Inhibiting Bacterial Adhesion by Mechanically Modulated Microgel Coatings.

Biomacromolecules (2018-12-05)
Damla Keskin, Olga Mergel, Henny C van der Mei, Henk J Busscher, Patrick van Rijn
ABSTRACT

Bacterial infection is a severe problem especially when associated with biomedical applications. This study effectively demonstrates that poly- N-isopropylmethacrylamide based microgel coatings prevent bacterial adhesion. The coating preparation via a spraying approach proved to be simple and both cost and time efficient creating a homogeneous dense microgel monolayer. In particular, the influence of cross-linking density, microgel size, and coating thickness was investigated on the initial bacterial adhesion. Adhesion of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12600 was imaged using a parallel plate flow chamber setup, which gave insights in the number of the total bacteria adhering per unit area onto the surface and the initial bacterial deposition rates. All microgel coatings successfully yielded more than 98% reduction in bacterial adhesion. Bacterial adhesion depends both on the cross-linking density/stiffness of the microgels and on the thickness of the microgel coating. Bacterial adhesion decreased when a lower cross-linking density was used at equal coating thickness and at equal cross-linking density with a thicker microgel coating. The highest reduction in the number of bacterial adhesion was achieved with the microgel that produced the thickest coating ( h = 602 nm) and had the lowest cross-linking density. The results provided in this paper indicate that microgel coatings serve as an interesting and easy applicable approach and that it can be fine-tuned by manipulating the microgel layer thickness and stiffness.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
N,N′-Methylenebis(acrylamide), 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
N-Isopropylmethacrylamide, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
N-Bromoacetamide, powder