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  • Nuclear shape, protrusive behaviour and in vivo retention of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells is controlled by Lamin-A/C expression.

Nuclear shape, protrusive behaviour and in vivo retention of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells is controlled by Lamin-A/C expression.

Scientific reports (2019-10-09)
Yvonne L Dorland, Anne S Cornelissen, Carlijn Kuijk, Simon Tol, Mark Hoogenboezem, Jaap D van Buul, Martijn A Nolte, Carlijn Voermans, Stephan Huveneers
ABSTRACT

Culture expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are being extensively studied for therapeutic applications, including treatment of graft-versus-host disease, osteogenesis imperfecta and for enhancing engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells after transplantation. Thus far, clinical trials have shown that the therapeutic efficiency of MSCs is variable, which may in part be due to inefficient cell migration. Here we demonstrate that human MSCs display remarkable low migratory behaviour compared to other mesodermal-derived primary human cell types. We reveal that specifically in MSCs the nucleus is irregularly shaped and nuclear lamina are prone to wrinkling. In addition, we show that expression of Lamin A/C is relatively high in MSCs. We further demonstrate that in vitro MSC migration through confined pores is limited by their nuclei, a property that might correlate to the therapeutic inefficiency of administered MSC in vivo. Silencing expression of Lamin A/C in MSCs improves nuclear envelope morphology, promotes the protrusive activity of MSCs through confined pores and enhances their retention in the lung after intravenous administration in vivo. Our findings suggest that the intrinsic nuclear lamina properties of MSCs underlie their limited capacity to migrate, and that strategies that target the nuclear lamina might alter MSC-based cellular therapies.

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