Cellulose Degradation by Calcium Thiocyanate.

Polymers (2019-09-25)
Myung-Joon Jeong, Sinah Lee, Bong Suk Yang, Antje Potthast, Kyu-Young Kang
ABSTRACT

The dissolution process of cellulose aerogels is an important part of their production. However, if the cellulose is severely degraded during the dissolution process, the quality may be low. To evaluate the degradation of cellulose during the dissolution process using calcium thiocyanate, the hydrolysis and oxidation of cellulose were evaluated by the change in absolute molecular weight and by the changes in the content of carboxyl and carbonyl groups introduced into the cellulose hydroxyl group, respectively. A noteworthy hydrolysis phenomenon was found in the cellulose dissolution process. The rate of hydrolysis increased as the number of hydrates in calcium thiocyanate decreased and as the reaction temperature increased. In the case of the reaction with calcium thiocyanate containing six hydrates, the time to reach a 50% loss of the degree of polymerization of cellulose reduced from 196 to 47 min as the reaction temperature was increased from 100 to 120 °C; however, the effect on oxidation was not significant. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area reduced as the degree of cellulose polymerization decreased. Therefore, it is necessary to consider how the cellulose degradation occurring during the cellulosic dissolution process can affect the quality of the final cellulose aerogels.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium thiocyanate tetrahydrate, 95%

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