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Clinical Protocol to Prevent Thrombogenic Effect of Liver-Derived Mesenchymal Cells for Cell-Based Therapies.

Cells (2019-08-10)
Louise Coppin, Mustapha Najimi, Julie Bodart, Marie-Sophie Rouchon, Patrick van der Smissen, Stéphane Eeckhoudt, Géraldine Dahlqvist, Diego Castanares-Zapatero, Mina Komuta, Sanne L Brouns, Constance C Baaten, Johan W M Heemskerk, Sandrine Horman, Nathalie Belmonte, Etienne Sokal, Xavier Stéphenne
ABSTRACT

The efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell infusion is currently tested in numerous clinical trials. However, therapy-induced thrombotic consequences have been reported in several patients. The aim of this study was to optimize protocols for heterologous human adult liver-derived progenitor cell (HHALPC) infusion, in order to eliminate acute thrombogenesis in liver-based metabolic or acute decompensated cirrhotic (ADC) patients. In rats, thrombotic effects were absent when HHALPCs were infused at low cell dose (5 × 106 cells/kg), or at high cell dose (5 × 107 cells/kg) when combined with anticoagulants. When HHALPCs were exposed to human blood in a whole blood perfusion assay, blocking of the tissue factor (TF) coagulation pathway suppressed fibrin generation and platelet activation. In a Chandler tubing loop model, HHALPCs induced less explosive activation of coagulation with blood from ADC patients, when compared to blood from healthy controls, without alterations in coagulation factor levels other than fibrinogen. These studies confirm a link between TF and thrombogenesis, when TF-expressing cells are exposed to human blood. This phenomenon however, could be controlled using either a low, or a high cell dose combined with anticoagulants. In clinical practice, this points to the suitability of a low HHALPC dose infusion to cirrhotic patients, provided that platelet and fibrinogen levels are monitored.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate–dextran, average mol wt 70,000, (FITC:Glucose = 1:250)