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A Low-Temperature Approach for the Phase-Pure Synthesis of MIL-140 Structured Metal-Organic Frameworks.

Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2019-08-10)
Marcel Schulz, Nele Marquardt, Malte Schäfer, Dawid Peter Warwas, Saskia Zailskas, Andreas Schaate
ABSTRACT

In a systematic investigation, the synthesis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with MIL-140 structure was studied. The precursors of this family of MOFs are the same as for the formation of the well-known UiO-type MOFs although the synthesis temperature for MIL-140 is significantly higher. This study is focused on the formation of Zr-based MIL-140 MOFs with terephthalic acid (H2 bdc), biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid (H2 bpdc), and 4,4'-stilbenedicarboxylic acid (H2 sdc) and the introduction of synthesis field diagrams to discover parameters for phase-pure products. In this context, a MIL-140 network with H2 sdc as linker molecule is first reported. Additionally, an important aspect is the reduction of the synthesis temperature to make MIL-140 MOFs more accessible even though linkers with a more delicate nature are used. The solvothermal syntheses were conducted in highly concentrated reaction mixtures whereby a targeted synthesis to yield the MIL-140 phase is possible. Furthermore, the effect of the often-used modulator approach is examined for these systems. Finally, the characteristics of the synthesized MOFs are compared with physisorption measurements, thermogravimetric analyses, and scanning electron microscopy.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
4,4′-Stilbenedicarboxylic acid, 98%